Page 51 - Islam In Focus

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Then he lowers his arm and places the right hand over the left hand, right above the
navel. (This position of the hands is in accordance with one school of law. Other
positions are preferred by other schools. However, these are minor differences and do
not affect the validity of the prayer. In fact, all such differences are considered as
conveniences and facilities rather than hindrances and restriction.) This the waquf
position (standing position).
Act 2. He then says in a low voice the following: "Du’a Thana" (Praise supplication):
“ Subhanaka-l-lahumma wa bihamdik, wa tabaraka-smuk, wa ta’ ala jadduk, wa La
Ilaha Ghayruk. A’ udhu bi-l-lahi mina-sh-shaytani-r-rajeem. Bismi-l-lahi-r-rah-mani-r-
ÓÈÍÇß Çááåã æ ÈÍãÏß , æ ÊÈÇÑß ÇÓãß , æ ÊÚÇáì ÌÏß æ áÇ Çáå ÛíÑß , ÃÚæ Ð ÈÇááå
ãä ÇáÔíØÇä ÇáÑÌíã , ÈÓã Çááå ÇáÑÍãä ÇáÑÍíã .
This means: “ Glory be to You, O God, and Yours is the praise and blessed is Your
name, and exalted is Your majesty, and there is no god besides You. I seek the refuge
of God from the condemned devil. In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most
Merciful.” (This part is recommended. It is not absolutely essential for the completion
of the prayer.)
Act 3. Then in a low or audible voice he recites the Opening Chapter of the Qur’ an
(al-Fatihah), followed by any passage from the Holy Book. (The Opening and
examples of these short chapters and verses will be found later in this chapter.)
Act 4. Then he says: “ Allahu Akbar,” (God is the Greatest ), bowing his trunk down
at a right angle, placing the palms of his hands on the knees. This is the Ruku’
position (bowing position), and saying in a low voice:
“ Subhana Rabbiya-l-Azeem” .
This means: “ Glory to my Lord the Great” , (repeated three times)
After that the standing position is resumed with these words:
“ Sami’ a-l-ahu Liman Hamidah; Rabbana Laka-l-Hamd
ÓãÚ Çááå áãä ÍãÏå ÑÈäÇ áß ÇáÍãÏ
This means: ("God accepts any who are thankful to Him; Our Lord, praise be to
You"). When saying this the hands remain on the sides.
Act 5. The worshipper then says: Allahu Akbar, prostrating himself with the toes of
both feet, both knees, both hands and the forehead touching the ground. This is the
Sujud position (prostration position) and is accompanied with these words:
"Subhana Rabbiya-l-A’ La"
This means: "Glory to my Lord the most High", ( repeated three times).
Act 6. Then with the utterance of Allahu Akbar comes the Julus position (sitting
position), a short rest in sitting posture: the outer side of the left foot and the toes of
the right one, which are in an erect position, touching the ground and the two hands
are placed on the knees.
After this a second prostration (Sujud) is repeated in the same way with the same
utterances as in the first one. This completes one unit (Rak’ ah) of the prayer.
Act 7. After the first unit the worshipper rises, saying Allahu Akbar, to assume a
standing position for the second unit and recites the Opening (the Fatihah) followed
by a Qur’ anic passage as in the first unit.
Act 8. When he has finished the second bowing and the two prostrations in the same
way as the first, he takes a sitting position as in Julus and recites the Tashahhud with
its two parts. (This will be found later in this chapter.)