Page 61 - Islam In Focus

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by two with short break between each two units. It is much more preferable to say
them in a congregational form and before the Witr, which is the last part of the
Evening Prayer.
Invalidation of Prayers
Any prayer becomes invalid and nullified by any act of the following:
1. To anticipate the Imam in any act or movement of prayer;
2. To eat or drink during the prayer;
3. To talk or say something out of the prescribed course of prayers;
4. To shift the position away from the direction of Qiblah in Mecca; unless it is
impossible to the worshipper to face the Qiblah;
5. To do intentionaly and unnecessary any noticeable act or movement outside the
acts and movements of prayer;
6. To do any thing that nullifies the ablution, e.g., discharge of urine, stool, gas, blood,
etc.; unless due to a medical condition not in the worshipper’ s control, in this case the
worshipper needs to perform ablution only once for every Fard (obligatory) prayer,
and he should not repeat the ablution to perform the Sunnah prayer relative to that
Fard prayer
7. To fail in observing any of the essential acts of prayers, like standing, reciting the
Qur’ an, Ruk’ u, Sujud, etc.; unless for reasons of disability or physical ailment
8. To uncover the body between the navel and knees during the prayer in the case of
males; and in the case of females, to uncover any part of the body, except the face and
the hands
Any prayer which becomes invalidated must be repeated properly
The Funeral Prayers (Salatu-l-Janazah)
1. The prayer to God for the deceased Muslim is a common collective duty (Fard
Kifayah). This means that some Muslims should offer this prayer, and when it is
offered by some of the Muslims present at the time it is sufficient, and the other
Muslims become exempt from responsibility
2. When a Muslim dies, the Whole body - beginning with the exposed parts washed in
ablution (wudu’ ) - must be washed a few times with soap or some other detergent or
disinfectant, and cleaned of all visible impurities. A man washes a man and a women
washes a woman. A woman may wash her husband, and a man or woman may wash
young children. During the washing the washer’ s hands should be covered by gloves
or cloth, and the private parts of the dead body should be washed without being seen.
When the body is thoroughly clean, it is wrapped in one or more white cotton sheets
covering all the parts of the body
3. The dead body is then placed on a bier or in a coffin and carried to the place of
prayer, a mosque or any other clean premises. The body is put in a position with the
face toward the direction of Mecca
4. All participants in the prayer must perform an ablution unless they are keeping an
earlier one. The Imam stands beside the body facing the Qiblah at Mecca with the
followers behind him in lines