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The call to prayer, called for the minaret five times daily.
Helpers. The Muslims who were resident in Al- Madiinah and helped those
who emigrated from Makkah.
The noon prayer, one of the five daily prayers.
An optional prayer, one of the five daily prayers.
The opening surah of the Qur'aan, recited in each raka`h of prayer.
The dawn prayer, one of the five daily prayers.
(Anglicized plural used in text) Islamic legal opinion based on the Qur'aan
Sedition, disorder, trial, affliction, temptation.
(Anglicized plural used here) a saying or action of the Prophet Muhammad
(PBUH), the sum of them being the second basis of Islamic law after the
Pilgrimage to Makkah.
Lawful according to Islamic law.
The house of Al-Arqam which was used as a meeting place by the earliest
Muslims in Makkah.
Unlawful according to Islamic law emigration. The first two Hijrahs were
those of the Companions to Abyssinia. The Hijrah from which the Islamic
calendar begins was that of Muhammad (PBUH) and his Companions from
Makkah to Al Madiinah.
A spot next to the Ka`bah.
Islamic legal opinion based on analysis and analogy.
Leader; prayer leader.
The Period of Ignorance, i.e. paganism, before the revelation of the
The Angel Gabriel.