Page 10 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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camel standing before him. He takes hold of its reins and then out of boundless joy blurts out: 'O Allah, You are my
slave and I am Your Rubb'.He commits this mistake out of extreme joy".
1. This Hadith also deals with the inducement and merit of repentance and pardon for sins. Allah is highly pleased
with repentance.
2 One will not have to account for a mistake made without any purpose and intention.
3. It is permissible to take an oath to stress on one's pardon.
4. One can quote an instance for the purpose of understanding and elaboration.
ﱠﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ، ﻪﻨﻋ ﷲا ﻲِﺿر ، ﱢيِﺮَﻌْﺷَﻷا ٍﺲْﻴَﻗ ِﻦﺑ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﺪْﺒَﻋ ﻰﺳﻮُﻣ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ
ﻰﱠﺘﺣ ِﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا ُءﻲِﺴُﻣ َبﻮُﺘَﻴﻟ ِرﺎَﻬﱠﻨﻟﺎﺑ ُﻩﺪَﻳ ُﻂُﺴْﺒﻳَو ِرﺎَﻬﱠﻨﻟا ُءﻲﺴُﻣ بﻮُﺘﻴﻟ ِﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟﺎِﺑ ُﻩﺪﻳ ُﻂُﺴْﺒﻳ ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ ﷲا نِإ
ﺎﻬِﺑِﺮْﻐﻣ ﻦِﻣ ُﺲْﻤﱠﺸﻟا
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said:
"Allah, the Exalted,
will continue to stretch out His Hand in the night so that the sinners of the day may repent, and continue to stretch
His Hand in the daytime so that the sinners of the night may repent, until the sun rises from the west".
This Hadith confirms an essential Attribute of Allah, i.e., the Hand which He stretches out anytime
He wishes without drawing similarity to it, nor interpretation. Such was the attitude of the pious predecessors with
regards to all of the essential Attributes of Allah. It is deduced from this Hadith that if one commits a sin during any
hour of day or night, he should immediately seek the forgiveness of Allah as a result.
ا ﻲﺿر َةﺮْﻳﺮُه ﻲﺑأ ْﻦَﻋو
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﷲ :
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﷲا لﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
َﻊُﻠﻄﺗ ْنَأ َﻞْﺒَﻗ بﺎﺗ ْﻦَﻣ
ﻪْﻴَﻠﻋ ﷲا َبﺎَﺗ ﺎَﻬِﺑِﺮْﻐﻣ ْﻦِﻣ ُﺲْﻤﱠﺸﻟا
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"He who repents
before the sun rises from the west, Allah will forgive him".
Taubah means returning to Allah from sins. When a person commits a sin, he goes away from Allah.
When he repents, he returns to Allah and desires for being pardoned by Him, and getting near Him. This returning
towards Him is Taubah. When it is said that `Allah turns towards him', it means that Allah accepts his repentance.
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﷲا ﻲﺿر بﺎﱠﻄﺨﻟا ﻦﺑ َﺮﻤُﻋ ﻦﺑ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﺪْﺒَﻋ ﻦﻤْﺣﱠﺮﻟا ِﺪْﺒَﻋ ﻲﺑأ ْﻦَﻋو
لﺎﻗ :
ِﺮﻏْﺮﻐُﻳ ﻢَﻟﺎَﻣ ِﺪْﺒﻌﻟا ﺔﺑْﻮﺗ ُﻞَﺒْﻘﻳ ﱠﻞَﺟو ﱠﺰﻋ ﷲا ﱠنِإ
لﺎﻗو يﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟا ﻩاور
ٌﻦﺴﺣ ﺚﻳﺪﺣ
`Abdullah bin `Umar bin Al-Khattab (May Allah be pleased with them) reported that: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"Allah accepts a slave's repentance as long as the latter is not on his death bed (that is, before the soul of the dying
person reaches the throat)".
[At-Tirmidhi, who categorised it as Hadith Hasan].
The word Ghargharah means the stage when soul is about to leave the body and reaches the throat.
In other words, the time when one suffers the agony of death.
Hadith Hasan means that Hadith the authenticity of which is connected without any technical defect. Their narrators,
however, are next to those of Hadith Sahih. In the opinion of Muhaddithin
(Hadith scholars)
, Hadith Hasan is also
reliable as Hadith Sahih.
لﺎَﻗ ٍﺶﻴْﺒُﺣ ِﻦْﺑ ﱢرِز ْﻦَﻋو
ﱠﺴﻋ ِﻦْﺑ َناﻮْﻔﺻ ُﺖْﻴﺗَأ
لﺎﻘﻓ ِﻦْﻴﱠﻔُﺨْﻟا ﻰَﻠَﻋ ِﺢْﺴَﻤْﻟا ﻦﻋ ُﻪُﻟَﺄْﺳَأ ُﻪْﻨﻋ ﷲا ﻲِﺿر ٍلﺎ
ُﺖْﻠُﻘﻓ ؟ ﱡرِز ﺎَﻳ َﻚِﺑ َءﺎَﺟ ﺎَﻣ
لﺎَﻘﻓ ، ِﻢْﻠِﻌْﻟا ُءﺎَﻐﺘْﺑا
، ُﺐُﻠﻄَﻳ ﺎَﻤﺑ ءﺎﺿِر ِﻢْﻠِﻌْﻟا ِﺐِﻟﺎَﻄِﻟ ﺎﻬِﺘﺤِﻨْﺟَأ ُﻊَﻀَﺗ َﺔَﻜِﺋﻼﻤْﻟا ﱠنِإ
ْﻟا يِرْﺪﺻ ﻲﻓ ﱠﻚَﺣ ْﺪﻗ ﻪﱠﻧِإ
ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا بﺎﺤْﺻَأ ْﻦِﻣ ًاءَﺮْﻣا َﺖْﻨُآو ، ِلْﻮﺒْﻟاو ِﻂِﺋﺎَﻐْﻟا َﺪْﻌَﺑ ِﻦْﻴﱠﻔُﺨْﻟا ﻰَﻠَﻋ ُﺢْﺴﻤ
َﻚُﻟَﺄْﺳَأ ﺖْﺌﺠَﻓ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا
لﺎﻗ ؟ ًﺎﺌْﻴﺷ َﻚِﻟَذ ﻲﻓ ُﺮآْﺬﻳ ُﻪَﺘْﻌِﻤﺳ ْﻞَه
ْوأ ًاﺮﻔﺳ ﺎﻨُآ اذإ ﺎﻧﺮُﻣْﺄﻳ َنﺎآ ْﻢَﻌﻧ
َعﺰْﻨﻧ ﻻ نَأ ﻦﻳﺮِﻓﺎﺴُﻣ
ٍمﻮْﻧو ٍلﻮْﺑو ٍﻂﺋﺎﻏ ْﻦِﻣ ْﻦِﻜﻟ ، ٍﺔﺑﺎَﻨﺟ ْﻦِﻣ ﱠﻻِإ ﱠﻦﻬﻴِﻟﺎَﻴَﻟو ٍمﺎﱠﻳَأ ﺔﺛﻼﺛ ﺎﻨَﻓﺎﻔﺧ
: ﻞَه
لﺎﻗ ؟ ًﺎﺌْﻴﺷ ىﻮﻬْﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺮُآﺬﻳ ُﻪﺘﻌِﻤﺳ
ُﻩﺪْﻨِﻋ ُﻦﺤﻧ ﺎﻨْﻴﺒﻓ ، ٍﺮﻔﺳ ﻲﻓ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﷲا لﻮﺳر ﻊَﻣ ﺎﱠﻨُآ ْﻢﻌﻧ
ْﻮﺼﺑ ﻲﺑاﺮْﻋَأ ُﻩاَدﺎﻧ ذِإ
ﱟيرﻮﻬﺟ ﻪﻟ ٍت
ﻪِﺗْﻮَﺻ ْﻦِﻣ اﻮْﺤﻧ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﷲا ُلﻮﺳر ُﻪﺑﺎَﺟَﺄﻓ ، ُﺪﱠﻤﺤُﻣ ﺎﻳ
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ُﻪﻟ ُﺖْﻠُﻘﻓ
، اﺬه ْﻦَﻋ ﺖﻴِﻬُﻧ ْﺪﻗو ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﺪْﻨِﻋ ﻚﱠﻧِﺈﻓ َﻚِﺗْﻮَﺻ ْﻦِﻣ ْ
ﺾُﻀْﻏا َﻚَﺤْﻳَو
ﺾُﻀﻏَأ ﻻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟاو
ﱡﻲِﺑاﺮْﻋَﻷا َلﺎَﻗ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا لﺎﻗ ؟ْﻢِﻬِﺑ ﻖﺤْﻠﻳ ﺎﱠﻤَﻟو مﻮَﻘْﻟا ﱡﺐِﺤُﻳ ُءْﺮَﻤْﻟا
ِﺔﻣﺎﻴِﻘْﻟا َمْﻮَﻳ ﱠﺐَﺣَأ ْﻦﻣ ﻊﻣ ُءْﺮﻤْﻟا
ﺮﻴِﺴﻳ ْوأ ﻪِﺿْﺮﻋ ُةﺮﻴﺴَﻣ بﺮْﻐَﻤْﻟا ﻦﻣ ًﺎﺑﺎﺑ ﺮآذ ﻰﱠﺘﺣ ﺎَﻨُﺛﱢﺪﺤُﻳ َلاَز ﺎﻤﻓ