Page 112 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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. `Aishah (May Allah bepleased with her) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) prohibited his Companions out of
mercy for them, from observing continuous fasting without a break. They said: "But you observe fast continuously".
He replied,
"I am not like you. I spend the night while my Rubb provides me with food and drink".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
(This means that Allah has bestowed upon him the power of endurance like that of a person who eats and drinks).
The words "I am not like you'' should not be taken to mean here: "I am not a human like you''. What
they really mean is that no one else has that special contact with Allah which he has. On account of this quality
which was special to the Prophet (PBUH), it is prohibited to keep fast continuously. In fact it is not only prohibited,
but unlawful. In such cases, it is obligatory for Muslims to follow him faithfully.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﻲﻌْﺑر ِﻦﺑ ِثِرﺎﺤْﻟا َةَدﺎﺘَﻗ ﻲﺑَأ ﻦﻋو
ﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
» ﻲﱢﻧِإ
َﺔَﻴِهاَﺮَآ ﻲِﺗﻼﺻ ﻲِﻓ َزﱠﻮﺠَﺗَﺄَﻓ ، ﱢﻲِﺒﱠﺼﻟا َءﺎَﻜُﺑ ُﻊﻤْﺳَﺄَﻓ ، ﺎﻬﻴِﻓ لﱢﻮَﻃُأ ْنَأ ُﺪﻳِرُأَو ، ِةﻼﱠﺼﻟا ﻰَﻟِإ ُمﻮُﻗَﻷ
ﻰَﻠَﻋ ﱠﻖُﺷَأ ْنَأ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
Abu Qatadah Al-Harith bin Rib`i (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"I stand up to lead Salat with the intention of prolonging it. Then I hear the crying of an infant and I shorten the
Salat lest I should make it burdensome for his mother".
In this Hadith, brevity of prayers stands for recitation of short Surah of the Noble Qur'an in
prescribed congregational prayers. The Sahih Muslim has elucidated this by saying that the Prophet (PBUH) would
recite short Surah on hearing the crying of a baby. In short, this Hadith mentions that affection which he had for his
followers. Its importance can be judged by the fact that he made a demonstration of it even in the prescribed prayers.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﺑ ِبِﺪْﻨُﺟ ﻦﻋو
َﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠ
َةﻼَﺻ ﻰﱠﻠَﺻ ْﻦﻣ
ِﻪِﺘﱠﻣِذ ْﻦِﻣ ُﻪْﺒُﻠْﻄَﻳ ْﻦﻣ ُﻪﱠﻧِﺈَﻓ ، ٍءْﻲَﺸِﺑ ِﻪِﺘﱠﻣِذ ْﻦِﻣ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ْﻢُﻜﱠﻨﺒُﻠْﻄﻳ ﻼَﻓ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﺔﻣِذ ﻲِﻓ َﻮُﻬَﻓ ِﺢﺒﱡﺼﻟا
ُﻪﱡﺒُﻜﻳ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ﻪْآِرﺪُﻳ ٍءْﻲَﺸِﺑ
ﻢﱠﻨَﻬَﺟ ِرﺎَﻧ ﻲﻓ ِﻪِﻬْﺟو ﻰَﻠَﻋ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Jundub bin Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
anyone offers the Fajr (dawn) prayer, in congregation, he is in the Protection of Allah. So let not Allah call him to
account, withdrawing, in any respect, His Protection. Because, He will get hold of him and throw him down on his
face in the Hell-fire.'
This Hadith tells us that the Fajr prayer is in the nature of an agreement between Allah and His slave
(Muslim). It tells us that he would not all day long depart from the way of Allah as he has not done by performing
his Fajr prayer. He will not only perform all the other prescribed prayers but would also do nothing which will
displease Allah. A Muslim who does not care to adhere to this agreement, and thereby shows disobedience of Allah,
will be answerable to Him for it on the Day of Resurrection.
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﱠنَأ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﺮﻤﻋ ﻦﺑا ﻦﻋو
ﻻ ، ِﻢِﻠْﺴُﻤﻟا ﻮُﺧَأ ُﻢِﻠْﺴُﻤﻟا
َجﱠﺮَﻓ ًﺔﺑْﺮُآ ٍﻢِﻠْﺴُﻣ ْﻦﻋ جﱠﺮَﻓ ْﻦَﻣو ، ِﻪِﺘﺟﺎﺣ ﻲِﻓ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َنﺎَآ ِﻪﻴِﺧَأ ِﺔَﺟﺎَﺣ ﻲِﻓ َنﺎَآ ْﻦﻣ ، ُﻪﻤِﻠْﺴُﻳ ﻻو ، ﻪُﻤِﻠْﻈﻳ
ُﻪْﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا
ِﺔَﻣﺎَﻴِﻘْﻟا مْﻮَﻳ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻩﺮَﺘَﺳ ًﺎﻤِﻠْﺴُﻣ ﺮﺘﺳ ْﻦَﻣو ، ِﺔَﻣﺎﻴِﻘْﻟا َمْﻮﻳ ِبَﺮُآ ْﻦِﻣ ًﺔَﺑْﺮُآ ﺎَﻬِﺑ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Ibn `Umar (May Allah bepleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"A Muslim is a
brother of another Muslim. So he should not oppress him nor should he hand him over to (his satan or to his self
which is inclined to evil). Whoever fulfills the needs of his brother, Allah will fulfill his needs; whoever removes the
troubles of his brother, Allah will remove one of his troubles on the Day of Resurrection; and whoever covers up the
fault of a Muslim, Allah will cover up his fault on the Day of Resurrection".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith is extremely important for the reason that it advises Muslims to live like family
members. It says that one does not like to subject one's own son, brother, etc, to suppression, nor leaves him helpless
in trouble, but helps him when he is in need of it, endeavours to relieve him of hardship and admonishes him when
he does anything wrong. Almighty Allah is pleased with such behaviour and gives him best reward for it in this
world and the next.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ةﺮﻳﺮه ﻲﺑَأ ﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
ﻻ ﻢِﻠْﺴُﻤْﻟا ﻮُﺧَأ ُﻢِﻠْﺴُﻤﻟا
ِﺑ ، ﺎﻨُهﺎَه ىَﻮْﻘﱠﺘﻟا ُﻪُﻣدو ﻪُﻟﺎﻣو ُﻪُﺿْﺮِﻋ ٌماﺮﺣ ِﻢِﻠْﺴُﻤْﻟا ﻰَﻠَﻋ ِﻢِﻠْﺴُﻤْﻟا ﱡﻞُآ ، ُﻪُﻟُﺬْﺨﻳ ﻻو ُﻪُﺑِﺬْﻜﻳ ﻻو ﻪُﻧﻮُﺨﻳ
ﻢﻠﺴﻤﻟا ُﻩﺎﺧَأ َﺮِﻘْﺤَﻳ ْنَأ ﱢﺮﱠﺸﻟا َﻦِﻣ
لﺎﻗو ﱡيﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟا ﻩاور
ﻦﺴﺣ ﺚﻳﺪﺣ