Page 113 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Abu Hurairah (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"A Muslim is a
brother to a Muslim. He should neither deceive him nor lie to him, nor leave him without assistance. Everything
belonging to a Muslim is inviolable for a Muslim; his honour, his blood and property. Piety is here (and he pointed
out to his chest thrice). It is enough for a Muslim to commit evil by despising his Muslim brother.''
This Hadith deals with the subject discussed in the preceding one. In fact, it elucidates the points
raised there. Now, the heart is one thing which no one can check out; Allah Alone knows about it. The case of those
who openly lead a sinful and impious life is of course quite different. To show hatred and disgust against such
people is warranted by Faith.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
ﻻو اﻮُﻀَﻏﺎﺒَﺗ ﻻو اﻮُﺸﺟﺎﻨﺗ ﻻو اوُﺪﺳﺎﺤَﺗ ﻻ
ﻻو اوُﺮﺑاﺪَﺗ
ًﺎﻧاﻮْﺧِإ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َدﺎﺒِﻋ اﻮُﻧﻮُآو ، ٍ
ﺾْﻌﺑ ِﻊْﻴﺑ ﻰَﻠَﻋ ْﻢُﻜُﻀْﻌﺑ ْﻊِﺒﻳ
ُﻩُﺮِﻘْﺤَﻳ ﻻو ﻪُﻤِﻠﻈَﻳ ﻻ ﻢِﻠْﺴُﻤْﻟا ﻮُﺧَأ ُﻢِﻠْﺴُﻤﻟا
ُﻪُﻟُﺬْﺨَﻳ ﻻو
ﻟا ُﻩﺎﺧَأ ﺮِﻘْﺤَﻳ ْنَأ ﱢﺮﱠﺸﻟا َﻦِﻣ ٍءيِﺮْﻣا ِﺐْﺴﺤِﺑ ٍتاﱠﺮﻣ َثَﻼَﺛ ِﻩِرْﺪَﺻ ﻰَﻟِإ ُﺮﻴِﺸُﻳو ﺎﻨُهﺎَه ىَﻮْﻘﱠﺘﻟا
ﻢﻠﺴﻤ . ﱠﻞُآ
ُﻪُﺿْﺮِﻋو ُﻪُﻟﺎﻣو ُﻪُﻣد ٌماﺮﺣ ِﻢِﻠْﺴُﻤْﻟا ﻰَﻠَﻋ ِﻢِﻠْﺴُﻤْﻟا
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
ْنَأ ﺪِﺼْﻘﻳ ْﻞَﺑ ﺎَﻬﺋاﺮِﺷ ﻲِﻓ ﻪَﻟ َﺔﺒْﻏَر ﻻو ، ِﻩﻮْﺤﻧو ِقﻮﱡﺴﻟا ﻲِﻓ ﺎَﻬْﻴَﻠَﻋ يِدﺎَﻨُﻳ ٍﺔﻌْﻠﺳ ِﻦﻤَﺛ ﻲِﻓ َﺪﻳِﺰﻳ ْنَأ
ٌماﺮﺣ اﺬَهو ، ُﻩﺮْﻴَﻏ ﱠﺮُﻐَﻳ
» ﱠﺘﻟاو ُﺮُﺑاﺪ «
ﺮْﻬﻈﻟا َءارو يﺬﻟا ِءﻲﱠﺸﻟﺎَآ ُﻪَﻠﻌﺠﻳو ُﻩَﺮُﺠْﻬﻳو ِنﺎﺴْﻧِﻹا ِﻦﻋ ضِﺮﻌُﻳ ْنَأ
ِﺮُﺑﱡﺪﻟاو .
Abu Hurairah (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Do not envy one
another; do not inflate prices by overbidding against one another; do not hate one another; do not harbour malice
against one another; and do not enter into commercial transaction when others have entered into that (transaction);
but be you, O slaves of Allah, as brothers. A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim; he neither oppresses him nor
does he look down upon him, nor does he humiliate him. Piety is here,
(and he pointed to his chest three times).
It is
enough evil for a Muslim to hold his brother Muslim in contempt. All things of a Muslim are inviolable for his
brother-in-faith: his blood, his property and his honour".
This Hadith elaborates the importance of mutual brotherhood and goodwill among the Muslims.
They are warned against jealousy which is a very malicious moral disease. One who suffers from it does not like to
see others in happy circumstances and wants that they are deprived of whatever good they have.
This Hadith also prohibits Muslims from mutual hatred, enmity and indifference to others because all such things go
against the concept of Islamic fraternity. The Hadith also warns Muslims against Najash (
false bidding to raise the
price in an auction
) as it is clear deception and fraud is opposed to goodwill for others, while Muslims are required
to express for each other goodwill, not ill-will.
This Hadith also prohibits making one bargain over the others because it generate malice and enmity.
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍﺲﻧَأ ﻦﻋو
ﺎَﻣ ِﻪﻴِﺧَﻷ ﱠﺐِﺤُﻳ ﻰﱠﺘﺣ ْﻢُآُﺪﺣَأ ُﻦِﻣْﺆُﻳ ﻻ
ِﻪِﺴْﻔَﻨِﻟ ﱡﺐِﺤُﻳ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Anas (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"No one of you shall become a true
believer until he desires for his brother what he desires for himself".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith deals more comprehensively with the subject discussed above. When a Muslim likes the
same thing for another Muslim which he does for himself, then he will be obviously expressing goodwill to his
fellow Muslims. When Muslims adopt this attitude at the community level, no Muslim will be an enemy of the
other. In fact, each Muslim would then be a well-wisher and helper of other Muslims. May Allah enable us to adopt
this attitude.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
ًﺎﻣﻮُﻠْﻈَﻣ ْوَأ ًﺎﻤِﻟﺎَﻇ َكﺎَﺧَأ ْﺮُﺼْﻧا
ٌﻞُﺟَر َلﺎَﻘﻓ
: ﺎَﻳ
ْﻴَآ ًﺎﻤِﻟﺎَﻇ َنﺎَآ ْنِإ َﺖْﻳَأَرَأ ًﺎﻣﻮُﻠﻈَﻣ َنﺎَآ اَذِإ ُﻩﺮﺼْﻧَأ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر
لﺎﻗ ؟ ُﻩُﺮُﺼْﻧَأ َﻒ
ﱠنِﺈَﻓ ِﻢْﻠﱡﻈﻟا َﻦِﻣ ُﻪُﻌﻨْﻤَﺗ ْوَأ ُﻩُﺰُﺠْﺤَﺗ
ْﻩُﺮْﺼَﻧ ﻚِﻟذ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
Anas (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Help your brother, whether
he is an oppressor or is oppressed".
A man enquired: "O Messenger of Allah! I help him when he is oppressed, but
how can I help him when he is an oppressor?'' He (PBUH) said,
"You can keep him from committing oppression.
That will be your help to him".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].