Page 145 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 40
مﺎﺣرﻷا ﺔﻠﺻو ﻦﻳﺪﻟاﻮﻟا ﺮﺑ بﺎﺑ
Kind Treatment towards Parents and establishment of the ties of Blood
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"Worship Allah and join none with Him (in worship); and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, Al-Masakin
(the poor), the neighbour who is near of kin, the neighbour who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the
wayfarer (you meet), and those (slaves) whom your right hands possess".
"And fear Allah through Whom you demand (your mutual rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the
wombs (kinship)".
"And those who join that which Allah has commanded to be joined (i.e., they are good to their relatives and
do not sever the bond of kinship)".
"And we have enjoined on man to be good and dutiful to his parents".
"And your Rubb has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one
of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but
address them in terms of honour. And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy,
and say: `My Rubb! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was young".
"And We have enjoined on man (to be dutiful and good) to his parents. His mother bore him in weakness and
hardship upon weakness and hardship, and his weaning is in two years- give thanks to Me and to your
. (31:14)
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر دﻮﻌﺴﻣ ﻦﺑ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﻤﺣﺮﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻟا ُﺖﻟَﺄﺳ
: ﱡيَأ
لﺎﻗ ؟ ﻰﻟﺎﻌَﺗ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻰﻟإ ﱡﺐﺣَأ ِﻞﻤﻌْﻟا
ﺎَﻬِﺘْﻗو ﻰﻠﻋ ُةﻼﱠﺼﻟا
ُﺖْﻠُﻗ :
لﺎﻗ ؟ ﱡيَأ ﱠﻢُﺛ
ِﻦْﻳﺪِﻟاَﻮْﻟا ﱡﺮِﺑ
ُﺖﻠﻗ :
ﱡيَأ ﱠﻢُﺛ
لﺎﻗ ؟
ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻞِﻴِﺒﺳ ﻲﻓ ُدﺎَﻬِﺠﻟا
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
`Abdullah bin Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I asked the Prophet (PBUH) , "Which of the
deeds is loved most by Allah?'' Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Salat at its proper time.
'' I asked, ``What next?''
He (PBUH) replied,
``Kindness to parents.
'' I asked, ``What next?'' He replied,
``Jihad in the way of Allah.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Performance of Salat at the stated time means its performance in earliest prescribed or at least its
regularity. One should not give preference to mundane affairs over it. Salat and Jihad are the two most meritorious
duties of a Muslim. When nice treatment to parents is mentioned along with Salat and Jihad, it gives further
importance to this injunction.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ةﺮﻳﺮه ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
: ر لﺎﻗ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳ
ﱠﻻِإ ًاﺪِﻟاو ٌﺪَﻟو يِﺰْﺠَﻳ ﻻ
ُﻪَﻘِﺘْﻌَﻴَﻓ ، ُﻪَﻳِﺮَﺘْﺸَﻴَﻓ ، ًﺎآﻮُﻠﻤﻣ ُﻩَﺪِﺠَﻳ ْنَأ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"No son can repay
(the kindness shown by his father) unless he finds him a slave and buys him and emancipates him".
This Hadith also brings out the eminence of parents and outstanding importance of their rights.
ا لﻮﺳر نَأ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ًﺎﻀﻳأ ﻪﻨﻋو
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟ
، ِﺮِﺧﻵا ِمْﻮﻴْﻟاو ِﻪﱠﻠﻟﺎِﺑ ُﻦِﻣْﺆُﻳ َنﺎَآ ْﻦَﻣ
َو ﻪﱠﻠﻟﺎِﺑ ُﻦِﻣْﺆُﻳ َنﺎَآ ْﻦَﻣَو ، ُﻪَﻤِﺣَر ْﻞﺼﻴْﻠَﻓ ، ﺮِﺧﻵا مﻮﻴْﻟاو ِﻪﱠﻠﻟﺎِﺑ ُﻦِﻣْﺆُﻳ َنﺎآ ْﻦَﻣَو ، ُﻪَﻔْﻴَﺿ ْمِﺮْﻜُﻴْﻠَﻓ
، ِﺮِﺧﻵا ِمْﻮﻴْﻟا
ْوَأ ًاﺮﻴﺧ ْﻞُﻘﻴْﻠﻓ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"He who believes
in Allah and the Last Day, let him be hospitable to his guest; and he who believes in Allah and the Last Day, let him
maintain good the ties of blood relationship; and he who believes in Allah and the Last Day, must speak good or
remain silent".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith is mentioned here to highlight the importance of kindness to relatives. It enjoins
considerate treatment to relatives and stresses that one should maintain relationship with them at all costs. So much
so that even if they misbehave and sever relations with him, one should make efforts to restore not only relationship
with them but also their rights. This is what kindness to relatives really means. Islam has laid great stress on it.
Relatives include both paternal and maternal relatives.