Page 150 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Zainab Ath-Thaqafiyah (May Allah be pleased with her) the wife of `Abdullah bin Mas`ud (May Allah be
pleased with him) reported: When Messenger of Allah (PBUH)
told the women that they should give Sadaqah
(charity), even if it should be some of their jewellery,
I returned to `Abdullah bin Mas`ud and said, "You are a man
who does not possess much, and Messenger of Allah (PBUH) has commanded us to give Sadaqah. So go and ask
him if giving to you will serve the purpose; otherwise, I shall give it to someone else.'' He asked me that I should
better go myself. I went and found a woman of the Ansar at the door of Messenger of Allah (PBUH), waiting to ask
a similar question as mine. The Prophet (PBUH) was endowed with dignity, and so we could not go in. When Bilal
(May Allah be pleased with him) came out to us, we said to him: "Go to Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and tell him
that there are two women at the door who have come to ask him whether it will serve them to give Sadaqah to their
husbands and to orphans who are in their charge, but do not tell him who we are. Bilal (May Allah be pleased with
him) went in and asked him, and Messenger of Allah (PBUH)
asked him who the women were.
When he told him
that they were a woman of the Ansar and Zainab,
he asked him which Zainab it was
, and when he was told it was
the wife of `Abdullah bin Mas`ud, he (PBUH) said,
"They will have a double reward, one for maintaining the ties of
kinship and another for Sadaqah".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
1. We learn from this Hadith that a woman can also give Sadaqah and Zakat to her husband, provided he is poor. But
its opposite is not permissible. That is to say, a husband cannot pay Zakat to his wife because he is responsible for
her maintenance while wife is not obliged to do it for her husband. So, the principle deduced from it is that one who
is bound to pay Zakat under the Shari`ah is not permitted to pay it to his dependents.
2. In case of need, a woman can go out of her house subject to the condition that she observes the restriction of the
veil prescribed by the Shari`ah in this behalf.
3) Like men, women should also take, keen interest in religious matters. They should not feel shy of doing it.
ﻲﺑَﻷ لﺎﻗ َﻞْﻗﺮِه ﱠنَأ ﻞﻗﺮِه ِﺔﱠﺼﻗ ﻲﻓ ﻞﻳﻮﱠﻄﻟا ِﻪِﺜﻳِﺪﺣ ﻲﻓ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍبﺮﺣ ِﻦﺑ ﺮْﺨﺻ نﺎﻴْﻔُﺳ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
نﺎﻴْﻔﺳ :
َﺻ ﱠﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﻲﻨْﻌَﻳ ؟ ِﻪِﺑ ْﻢُآُﺮُﻣْﺄﻳ اَذﺎﻤَﻓ
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠ
ﺖﻠﻗ : ُلﻮﻘﻳ :
ﻻو ، ُﻩَﺪﺣَو َﻪﱠﻠﻟا اوُﺪُﺒْﻋا
ِﺔَﻠﱢﺼﻟاو ، ِفﺎَﻔﻌﻟاو ، ِقْﺪﱢﺼﻟاو ، ِةﻼﱠﺼﻟﺎﺑ ﺎَﻧُﺮُﻣْﺄﻳو ، ْﻢآُؤﺎﺑﺁ ُلﻮُﻘﻳ ﺎﻣ اﻮُآُﺮْﺗاو ، ًﺎﺌْﻴَﺷ ِﻪِﺑ اﻮُآِﺮْﺸُﺗ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Sufyan Sakhr bin Harb (May Allah be pleased with him) mentioned Heraclius in a long Hadith and said:
Heraclius asked me, "What does this Prophet (PBUH) teach you?'' I said,
"He orders us to worship Allah Alone and
not to associate a thing with Him in worship, to discard what our ancestors said, to perform the Salat (prayer), speak
the truth, and maintain the ties of kinship".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Besides Tauhid
(Oneness of Allah)
, this Hadith enjoins punctuality in Salat and excellence of
character. In all the forms of worship, Salat is the most important, and the best in the nobility of character is
righteousness. After professing faith in Tauhid and belief that Muhammad (PBUH) is the last Prophet of Allah, a
Muslim should be punctual in Salat and make himself a model of excellent character.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر رذ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
ُﺮَآْﺬُﻳ ًﺎﺿْرَأ َنﻮُﺤَﺘْﻔﺘﺳ ﻢُﻜﱠﻧِإ
ُطاَﺮﻴِﻘﻟا ﺎَﻬﻴِﻓ
ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ُﻬَﻟ ﱠنِﺈَﻓ ،ًاﺮْﻴﺧ ﺎﻬِﻠْهَﺄِﺑ اﻮُﺻْﻮَﺘﺳﺎَﻓ ، ُطاﺮﻴِﻘﻟا ﺎﻬﻴِﻓ ﻰﱠﻤَﺴُﻳ ٌضْرَأ ﻲِهو ﺮْﺼـﻣ َنﻮُﺤﺘْﻔﺘﺳ
ﺔﻣِذ ْﻢ
ًﺎﻤِﺣرو «
ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ًﺎﻤِﺣرو ًﺔﱠﻣِذ ﻢُﻬﻟ ﱠنِﺈَﻓ ، ﺎَﻬِﻠْهَأ ﻰﻟِإ اﻮُﻨِﺴْﺣَﺄَﻓ ، ﺎهﻮﻤُﺘﺤَﺘﺘْﻓا اذِﺈﻓ
لﺎﻗ وَأ
ًاﺮﻬِﺻو ًﺔﱠﻣِذ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ .
ُءﺎﻤَﻠُﻌﻟا لﺎﻗ
ﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ َﻞﻴِﻋﺎﻤْﺳِإ ﱡمُأ ﺮَﺟﺎَه ُنْﻮَآ ْﻢُﻬﻟ ﻲﺘﻟا ُﻢِﺣﱠﺮﻟا
ْﻢﻬْﻨِﻣ ﻢ
» ُﺮْﻬﱢﺼﻟاو «
ﺔﻳِرﺎﻣ ُنﻮآ
ﻢﻬﻨﻣ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ِﻦﺑا َﻢﻴِهاﺮﺑِإ ﱢمُأ
Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"You will soon
conquer a land where people deal with Qirat.''
And according to another version: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"You will soon conquer Egypt where Al-Qirat
is frequently mentioned. So when you conquer it, treat its inhabitants well. For there lies upon you the responsibility
because of blood ties or relationship (with them)".
In this Hadith, the Prophet (PBUH) has urged his Companions to treat the Egyptians nicely for the
reason of maintaining the ties of kinship and for the fact that Egypt was the country of his in-laws
(Mariyah, the