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Chapter 41
ﺮﺤﺗ بﺎﺑ
ﻢﺣﺮﻟا ﺔﻌﻴﻄﻗو قﻮﻘﻌﻟا ﻢﻳ
Prohibition of Disobeying Parents and severance of Relations
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"Would you then, if you were given the authority, do mischief in the land, and sever your ties of kinship?
Such are they whom Allah has cursed, so that He has made them deaf and blinded their sight.''
"And those who break the Covenant of Allah, after its ratification, and sever that which Allah has
commanded to be joined (i.e., they sever the bond of kinship and are not good to their relatives), and work
mischief in the land, on them is the curse (i.e., they will be far away from Allah's Mercy), and for them is the
unhappy (evil) home (i.e., Hell).''
"And your Rubb has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one
of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but
address them in terms of honour. And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy,
and say: `My Rubb! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was young.'''
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ِثرﺎﺤﻟا ِﻦﺑ ﻊْﻴﻔُﻧ َةﺮﻜﺑ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
» ﻻَأ
؟ ِﺮِﺋﺎﺒَﻜْﻟا ِﺮَﺒْآﺄِﺑ ْﻢﻜُﺌﱢﺒَﻧُأ
ﺎﻨﻠُﻗ ًﺎﺛﻼﺛ
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﺎﻳ ﻰَﻠﺑ
: لﺎﻗ :
ﻦْﻳﺪِﻟاﻮْﻟا ُقﻮُﻘُﻋو ،ِﻪﱠﻠﻟﺎِﺑ ُكاﺮْﺷِﻹا
لﺎﻘﻓ ، َﺲَﻠﺠَﻓ
ِروﱡﺰﻟا ةُدﺎﻬﺷو ِروﱡﺰﻟا ُلْﻮﻗو ﻻَأ
ﺎَﻨﻠُﻗ ﻰﱠﺘﺣ ﺎَهُرﱢﺮَﻜﻳ لاَز ﺎﻤَﻓ
ْﺖﻜﺳ ُﻪﺘْﻴﻟ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Bakrah Nufai` bin Al-Harith (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Shall I not inform you of the biggest of the major sins?''
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) asked this question thrice. We
said, "Yes, O Messenger of Allah. (Please inform us.)". He said,
"Ascribing partners to Allah, and to be undutiful to
your parents".
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) sat up from his reclining position and said,
"And I warn you against
giving forged statement and a false testimony; I warn you against giving forged statement and a false testimony".
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) kept on repeating that warning till we wished he would stop.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith mentions some of the major sins. A major sin is one against which there is a serious
warning in the Noble Qur'an and Hadith. When disobedience to parents is mentioned along with Shirk
it makes the fact evident that both of these are very serious sins. Similar is the case of telling a lie and false
testimony, which in the incident mentioned in this Hadith made Messenger of Allah (PBUH) to leave his pillow and
sit attentively. It indicates that the latter two are serious. May Allah protect all Muslims from all such sins.
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر صﺎﻌﻟا ﻦﺑ وﺮﻤﻋ ِﻦﺑ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﻋو
» ُﺮﺋﺎﺒﻜْﻟا
ﻟا ُﻞْﺘَﻗو ، ِﻦْﻳﺪِﻟاﻮْﻟا قﻮُﻘﻋو ، ﻪﱠﻠﻟﺎِﺑ ُكاﺮْﺷِﻹا
سﻮﻤَﻐْﻟا ُﻦﻴِﻤﻴْﻟاو ، ِﺲْﻔﱠﻨ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
ُسﻮُﻤَﻐْﻟا ﻦﻴِﻤﻴﻟا
ﻢﺛِﻹا ﻲﻓ َﻒِﻟﺎﺤﻟا ُﺲِﻤْﻐَﺗ ﺎَﻬﱠﻧَﻷ ، ًﺎﺳﻮُﻤَﻏ ﺖﻴﱢﻤُﺳ ، ًاﺪِﻣﺎﻋ ًﺎﺑِذﺎَآ ﺎَﻬُﻔِﻠْﺤَﻳ ﻲﺘﻟا
Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`as (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"(Of the)
major sins are: to ascribe partners to Allah, disobey parents, murder someone, and to take a false oath
There are many more major sins which have been enlisted and discussed at length by Muhaddathun
in independent volumes, such as Az-Zawajir `an iqtraf-al-Kaba'ir, Kitab-al-Kaba'ir by Adh-Dhahabi. This Hadith
mentions some of the major sins enumerated by the Prophet (PBUH) on a particular occasion. We can also say that
the sins mentioned here are some of the most serious among the major sins.
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر نَأ ﻪﻨﻋو
، ِﻪْﻳَﺪِﻟاو ِﻞﺟﱠﺮﻟا ُﻢْﺘﺷ ِﺮِﺋﺎﺒﻜْﻟا َﻦِﻣ
اﻮﻟﺎﻗ :
َلﻮﺳر ﺎﻳ
،؟ ِﻪْﻳﺪِﻟاو ُﻞُﺟﱠﺮﻟا ُﻢُﺘْﺸﻳ ْﻞَهو ﻪﱠﻠﻟا
ﻞـﺎﻗ :
ﱠﺮﻟا ﺎﺑَأ ﱡﺐُﺴَﻳ ، ْﻢﻌَﻧ
ُﻪﱠﻣُأ ﱡﺐُﺴﻴَﻓ ، ُﻪﱠﻣُأ ﱡﺐُﺴﻳو ، ﻩﺎﺑَأ ﱡﺐُﺴﻴﻓ ،ِﻞُﺟ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ٍﺔـﻳاور ﻲﻓو
، ِﻪْﻳَﺪِﻟاو ُﻞُﺟﱠﺮﻟا َﻦﻌْﻠﻳ ْنَأ ِﺮِﺋﺎﺒﻜﻟا ِﺮﺒْآَأ ْﻦِﻣ ﱠنِإ
ﻞﻴﻗ :
ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮـﺳر ﺎﻳ
ِﻪْﻳﺪِﻟاو ُﻞُﺟﺮﻟا ُﻦﻌْﻠﻳ َﻒْﻴآ
لﺎﻗ :
َأ ﱡﺐُﺴﻴَﻓ ، ﻞُﺟﱠﺮﻟا ﺎﺑَأ ﱡﺐُﺴﻳ
ُﻪﱠﻣُأ ﱡﺐُﺴﻴﻓ ، ﻪﱠﻣُأ ﱡﺐﺴَﻳَو ، ُﻩﺎَﺑ
`Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`as (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"It is one of the gravest sins to abuse one's parents.
'' It was asked (by the people): "O Messenger of Allah, can a man
abuse his own parents?'' Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"He abuses the father of somebody who, in return, abuses