Page 157 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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to supplicate for their forgiveness, to fulfill their promises after their death, to maintain the ties of kinship which
cannot be maintained except through them, and honour their friends.''
[Abu Dawud].
We learn from this Hadith that one should consider the life of one's parents a blessing because their
life provides one with an opportunity to serve them wholeheartedly, which is ordained by Allah. If one wants to be
nice to them after their death, one should adopt the methods mentioned in this Hadith. It needs to be noted that it
does not mention the ceremonies like recitation of the Noble Qur'an on the third, seventh and fortieth day after the
death of a person, in vogue in our society. All these methods of conveying the reward of virtuous deeds or rites are
wrong for the reason that they are neither helpful for the dead nor the living. What really benefits the dead as well as
living, is prayer and begging forgiveness from Allah. In this Hadith, these have been regarded as acts of beneficence
for the deceased parents. It clearly means that the children will be rewarded for the virtuous acts they do for their
parents and the status of the deceased parents will also be elevated in the next world. The acceptance of the prayer in
favour of the deceased parents is also confirmed from that Hadith also which tells that death brings to an end all the
activities, except the following:
Firstly, an ongoing Sadaqah
(Sadaqah Jariyah)
; like the digging of a well, the building of a mosque, etc.,
Secondly, knowledge which benefits Muslims;
Thirdly, prayers of virtuous offspring.
ﺖﻟﺎﻗ ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ﻦﻋو
ُتْﺮِﻏ ﺎَﻣ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻟا ِءﺎَﺴِﻧ ْﻦِﻣ ٍﺪَﺣَأ ﻰﻠﻋ ُتْﺮِﻏ ﺎﻣ
ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺔﺠﻳﺪﺧ ﻰﻠﻋ
ﺎَﻬُﻌﱢﻄَﻘُﻳ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، َةﺎﱠﺸﻟا ﺢﺑَذ ﺎﻤﱠﺑُرَو ، ﺎَهَﺮْآِذ ُﺮِﺜْﻜُﻳ َنﺎَآ ْﻦﻜَﻟو ، ﱡﻂَﻗ ﺎَﻬُﺘْﻳَأَر ﺎَﻣو
، ءﺎَﻀْﻋَأ
ُﻪَﻟ ُﺖﻠﻗ ﺎﻤﱠﺑُﺮَﻓ ، َﺔﺠﻳِﺪﺧ ﻖِﺋاﺪﺻ ﻲﻓ ﺎَﻬُﺜﻌْﺒَﻳ ﱠﻢُﺛ
ُلﻮﻘﻴﻓ ، ُﺔﺠﻳﺪﺧ ﱠﻻِإ ﺎَﻴْﻧﱡﺪﻟا ﻲﻓ ْﻦُﻜﻳ ْﻢَﻟ ْنَﺄَآ
» ﺎﻬﱠﻧِإ
ٌﺪَﻟو ﺎَﻬْﻨِﻣ ﻲﻟ َنﺎَآو ْﺖَﻧﺎَآو ْﺖﻧﺎَآ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ﺎَﻬْﻨِﻣ ﺎَﻬِﻠِﺋﻼَﺧ ﻲﻓ يِﺪْﻬُﻴَﻓ ، َةﺎﱠﺸﻟا ُﺢﺑﺬﻴَﻟ َنﺎَآ ْنإو
ﱠﻦُﻬُﻌَﺴﻳ ﺎَﻣ
ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ُلﻮُﻘَﻳ َةﺎﱠﺸﻟا َﺢﺑَذ اَذِإ َنﺎَآ
َﺔﺠﻳِﺪَﺧ ِءﺎَﻗِﺪْﺻَأ ﻰﻟِإ ﺎَﻬِﺑ اﻮُﻠِﺳْرَأ
ﺖﻟﺎﻗ ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
َفﺮَﻌَﻓ ،ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﻰَﻠَﻋ َﺔَﺠﻳﺪَﺧ ُﺖُﺧُأ ٍﺪِﻠْﻳَﻮُﺧ ُﺖْﻨِﺑ ُﺔَﻟﺎَه ْﺖَﻧَذْﺄَﺘْﺳا
َلﺎﻘﻓ َﻚِﻟَﺬَﻟ َحﺎَﺗْرﺎَﻓ ، ﺔﺠﻳﺪﺧ َنا
ٍﺪِﻠْﻳَﻮﺧ ُﺖْﻨِﺑ ُﺔَﻟﺎَه ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا
» َحﺎَﺗرﺎَﻓ
يِﺪْﻴَﻤُﺤْﻠَﻟ ﻦﻴﺤﻴﺤﺼﻟا ﻦﻴﺑ ِﻊْﻤﺠﻟا ﻲﻓو ، ِءﺎﺤﻟﺎِﺑ ﻮه
» َعﺎَﺗْرﺎَﻓ
ﻩﺎﻨﻌﻣو ِﻦﻴﻌﻟﺎِﺑ
: ﱠﻢَﺘْها
ِﻪِﺑ .
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: I never felt jealous of any of the wives of the Prophet
(PBUH) as much as I did of Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her), although I have never seen her, but the
Prophet (PBUH) used to mention her very often. Whenever he slaughtered a sheep, he would cut it into pieces and
send them to the women friends of Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her). When I sometimes said to him: "You
treat Khadijah in such a way as if there is no woman on earth except her". He (PBUH) would say,
"Khadijah was
such and such (commending her and speaking well of her), and I had children from her".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Another narration is: And if he (PBUH) slaughtered a sheep, he would send meat to the friends of Khadijah (May
Allah be pleased with her) as a present as much as would suffice them.
Another narration is: When a sheep was slaughtered, he (PBUH) would say,
"Send this meat to Khadijah's friends.
Once, Halah bint Khuwailid (May Allah be pleased with her), sister of Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her),
sought permission of Messenger of Allah (PBUH) to enter. He recognized and recalled to his mind the manner of
Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her) and was deeply moved. He said,
"O Allah, she must be Halah bint
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith brings out the following five points:
1. A brief reference to the great qualities of Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her).
2. The love that Messenger of Allah (PBUH) had for Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her) because of her great
3. Reference to the kindness which Messenger of Allah (PBUH) continued to show to the women who were close to
Khadijah (May Allah be pleased with her).
4. Expression of the sentiments which the remembrance of some deceased friend brings with it. These sentiments
can be pleasing as well as painful.