Page 159 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 43
ﻢﻬﻠﻀﻓ نﺎﻴﺑو ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﷲا ﻰﻠﺻ ﷲا لﻮﺳر ﺖﻴﺑ ﻞهأ ماﺮآإ بﺎﺑ
Showing reverence to the Family of Allah's Messenger (pbuh)
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"Allah wishes only to remove Ar-Rijs (evil deeds and sins) from you, O members of the family (of the Prophet
(PBUH)), and to purify you with a thorough purification.''
"And whosoever honours the Symbols of Allah, then it is truly from the piety of the heart.''
لﺎﻗ َنﺎﱠﻴﺣ ﻦﺑ ﺪﻳﺰﻳ ﻦﻋو
ْﺴُﻣ ﻦﺑ وُﺮْﻤﻋو ، َةَﺮْﺒَﺳ ُﻦْﺑ ُﻦْﻴﺼُﺣو ﺎﻧَأ ُﺖْﻘَﻠﻄْﻧا
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﻢﻗرَأ ِﻦْﺑ ِﺪْﻳَز ﻰﻟإ ٍﻢِﻠ
ٌﻦْﻴﺼُﺣ ﻪﻟ لﺎﻗ ِﻪﻴَﻟِإ ﺎﻨْﺴﻠَﺟ ﺎﱠﻤَﻠﻓ ، ﻢﻬﻨﻋ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر َﺖْﻳَأَر ، ًاﺮﻴِﺜَآ ًاﺮْﻴَﺧ ُﺪْﻳز ﺎَﻳ َﺖﻴِﻘَﻟ ﺪَﻘَﻟ
ُﻪَﻔْﻠَﺧ َﺖﻴﱠﻠَﺻَو ،ُﻪَﻌَﻣ َتْوَﺰَﻏو ، ُﻪَﺜﻳِﺪَﺣ َﺖْﻌِﻤﺳو ،
ﻴِﻘَﻟ ْﺪَﻘَﻟ
ْﻦِﻣ َﺖْﻌِﻤﺳ ﺎﻣ ُﺪْﻳَز ﺎﻳ ﺎَﻨْﺛﱢﺪَﺣ ، ًاﺮﻴِﺜَآ ًاﺮْﻴَﺧ ُﺪْﻳَز ﺎﻳ َﺖ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر
. لﺎﻗ :
ﺾْﻌﺑ ُﺖﻴِﺴﻧو ، يﺪْﻬﻋ مُﺪَﻗو ، ﻲﱢﻨِﺳ ْتﺮِﺒَآ ْﺪَﻘَﻟ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟاو ﻲِﺧَأ َﻦْﺑا ﺎﻳ
ﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِلﻮﺳر ْﻦِﻣ ﻲِﻋَأ ُﺖﻨآ يﺬﻟا
لﺎﻗ ﱠﻢُﺛ ِﻪﻴِﻧﻮُﻔﱢﻠَﻜُﺗ ﻼَﻓ ﻻﺎَﻣَو ، اﻮُﻠَﺒْﻗﺎَﻓ ، ْﻢُﻜُﺘْﺛﱠﺪَﺣ ﺎَﻤَﻓ ،ﻢ
: مﺎﻗ
َﺪِﻤَﺤَﻓ ، ِﺔَﻨﻳِﺪَﻤﻟاَو َﺔﱠﻜﻣ َﻦْﻴَﺑ ءﺎّﻤُﺧ ﻲﻋْﺪُﻳ ٍءﺎَﻤِﺑ ًﺎﺒﻴِﻄﺧ ﺎَﻨﻴِﻓ ًﺎﻣْﻮَﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر
ﻰﻨْﺛَأَو ، ﻪﱠﻠﻟا
، َﺮﱠآَذَو ،َﻆَﻋوو ، ﻪْﻴﻠَﻋ
َلﺎَﻗ ﱠﻢُﺛ
» ُﺪْﻌﺑ ﺎﱠﻣَأ
َﺐﻴﺟُﺄَﻓ ﻲﺑر ُلﻮﺳر َﻲِﺗْﺄَﻳ ْنَأ ُﻚِﺷﻮُﻳ ٌﺮَﺸَﺑ ﺎَﻧَأ ﺎَﻤﱠﻧِﺈَﻓ ، ُسﺎﱠﻨﻟا ﺎَﻬﱡﻳَأ ﻻَأ
ِﻦْﻴَﻠَﻘَﺛ ْﻢُﻜﻴِﻓ ٌكِرﺎَﺗ ﺎَﻧَأو ،
ﺑ اﻮُﻜِﺴْﻤَﺘْﺳاَو ، ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِبﺎﺘِﻜِﺑ اوُﺬُﺨَﻓ ، ُرﻮﱡﻨﻟاَو ىﺪُﻬﻟا ِﻪﻴِﻓ ، ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُبﺎﺘِآ ﺎﻤُﻬﻟﱠوَأ
ِﻪﻴِﻓ َﺐﱠﻏرو ، ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِبﺎَﺘِآ ﻰﻠﻋ
َلﺎَﻗ ﱠﻢﺛ
ﻲﺘﻴﺑ ﻞهأ ﻲﻓ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻢآُﺮﱢآذأ ، ﻲﺘْﻴﺑ ِﻞهأ ﻲﻓ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻢآﺮﱢآذُأ ، ﻲِﺘْﻴَﺑ ُﻞْهَأو
ٌﻦْﻴَﺼُﺣ ُﻪَﻟ َلﺎَﻘَﻓ
؟ ِﻪﺘﻴﺑ ِﻞهأ ﻦﻣ ﻩُؤﺎﺴﻧ ﺲﻴﻟأ ؟ ُﺪْﻳز ﺎﻳ ِﻪِﺘْﻴَﺑ ِﻞْهَأ ْﻦَﻣو
لﺎﻗ :
ِﻪِﺘﻴﺑ ِﻞهأ ْﻦﻣ ﻩُؤﺎﺴﻧ
ُﻞْهَأ ﻦِﻜَﻟَو
، ُﻩَﺪْﻌﺑ ﺔَﻗﺪﱠﺼﻟا مِﺮُﺣ ْﻦﻣ ِﻪِﺘْﻴﺑ
لﺎَﻗ :
؟ﻢُه ْﻦَﻣو
َلﺎَﻗ :
َلﺎَﻗ ، ٍسﺎﱠﺒﻋ ُلﺁَو ، ﺮَﻔْﻌَﺟ ُلﺁو ، ٍﻞﻴِﻘَﻋ ُلﺁو ، ﱟﻲﻠﻋ ُلﺁ ْﻢُه
؟ َﺔَﻗﺪﱠﺼﻟا َمِﺮُﺣ ِءﻻﺆُه ﱡﻞُآ
َلﺎَﻗ :
ْﻢَﻌﻧ .
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ْﻢُﻜﻴِﻓ ٌكِرﺎَﺗ ﻲﱢﻧِإَو ﻻَأ
، ىﺪُﻬﻟا ﻰَﻠَﻋ َنﺎَآ ﻪﻌَﺒﱠﺗا ِﻦﻣ ،ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻞْﺒﺣ ﻮُهَو ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُبﺎَﺘِآ ﺎﻤَهُﺪﺣَأ
ٍﺔَﻟﻼَﺿ ﻰﻠﻋ َنﺎآ ُﻪَآَﺮَﺗ ْﻦَﻣو
Yazid bin Haiyan reported: I went along with Husain bin Sabrah and `Amr bin Muslim to Zaid bin Arqam
(May Allah be pleased with them) and, as we sat by his side, Husain said to him,
Zaid, you acquired great merits,
you saw Messenger of Allah (PBUH), listened to him talking, fought by his side in (different) battles, and offered
Salat (prayer) behind him. Zaid, you have indeed earned great merits. Could you narrate to us what you heard from
Messenger of Allah (PBUH)?'' Zaid said, "By Allah! I have grown old and have almost spent up my age and I have
forgotten some of the things which I remembered in connection with Messenger of Allah (PBUH), so accept what I
narrate to you, do not compel me to narrate what I fail to narrate". He then said, "One day Messenger of Allah
(PBUH) stood up to deliver a Khutbah at a watering place known as Khumm between Makkah and Al-Madinah. He
praised Allah, extolled Him, and exhorted (us) and said,
`Amma Ba`du. O people, I am a human being. I am about to
receive a messenger (the angel of death) from my Rubb and I will respond to Allah's Call, but I am leaving with you
two weighty things: the first is the Book of Allah, in which there is right guidance and light, so hold fast to the Book
of Allah and adhere to it.' He exhorted (us to hold fast) to the Book of Allah
and then said,
`The second is the
members of my household, I remind you (to be kind) to the members of my family. I remind you (to be kind) to the
members of my family.
Husain said to Zaid,
"Who are the members of his household, O Zaid? Aren't his wives the
members of his family?'' Thereupon Zaid said, "His wives are the members of his family. (But here) the members of
his family are those for whom Zakat is forbidden". He asked, "Who are they?'' Zaid said, "Ali and the offspring of
`Ali, `Aqil and the offspring of `Aqil and the offspring of Ja`far and the offspring of `Abbas.'' Husain asked, "For all
of them the acceptance of Zakat is forbidden?'' Zaid (May Allah be pleased with him) said, "Yes".
Another narration is: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"I am leaving behind me two weighty things. One of them is
the Book of Allah; that is the strong rope of Allah. Whosoever holds firmly to it, will be the guided, and whosoever
leaves it goes astray".
This Hadith brings out the following points:
1. Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was a human being. He too was subject to the inevitable law of death.
2. It stresses upon the establishment of a firm bond with the Book of Allah (the Qur'an) and lays emphasis on
showing respect and honour to the members of the Prophet's family.
3. The members of the Prophet's family are classified into two categories:
Firstly, wives of Messenger of Allah (PBUH) or Mothers of the believers. This is established from the categorical
Verses of the Noble Qur'an.