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Chapter 44
رﺎﻬﻇإو ﻢﻬﺴﻟﺎﺠﻣ ﻊﻓرو ﻢهﺮﻴﻏ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻢﻬﻤﻳﺪﻘﺗو ﻞﻀﻔﻟا ﻞهأو رﺎﺒﻜﻟاو ءﺎﻤﻠﻌﻟا ﺮﻴﻗﻮﺗ بﺎﺑ
Revering the Scholars and Elders, Preferring them to others and raising their
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"Say: `Are those who know equal to those who know not?' It is only men of understanding who will
remember (i.e., get a lesson from Allah's Signs and Verses).''
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﱢيرﺎﺼﻧﻷا ﱢيرﺪﺒﻟا وٍﺮﻤﻋ ِﻦﺑ َﺔﺒﻘُﻋ ٍدﻮﻌﺴﻣ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ
ْنِﺈَﻓ ، ِﺔﱠﻨﱡﺴﻟﺎِﺑ ْﻢُﻬُﻤَﻠْﻋَﺄَﻓ ، ًءاﻮَﺳ ِةَءاﺮِﻘْﻟا ﻲﻓ اﻮُﻧﺎَآ ْنِﺈَﻓ ، ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِبﺎَﺘﻜِﻟ ْﻢُهؤَﺮْﻗَأ َمْﻮَﻘْﻟا ﱡمُﺆَﻳ
ْﻢُﻬُﻣَﺪْﻗَﺄَﻓ ، ًءاَﻮَﺳ ِةَﺮْﺠِﻬﻟا ﻲﻓ اﻮُﻧﺎآ ْنِﺈَﻓ ، ًةَﺮْﺠِه ْﻢُﻬُﻣﺪْﻗَﺄَﻓ ، ًءاَﻮَﺳ ِﺔﱠﻨﱡﺴﻟا ﻲﻓ
ﻲﻓ َﻞُﺟﱠﺮﻟا ُﻞُﺟﱠﺮﻟا ﱠﻦﱠﻣﺆُﻳ ﻻَو ًﺎّﻨِﺳ
ِﻪِﻧْذِﺈِﺑ ﱠﻻِإ ِﻪِﺘﻣِﺮْﻜَﺗ ﻰﻠﻋ ِﻪِﺘْﻴﺑ ﻲﻓ ُﺪُﻌْﻘَﻳ ﻻَو ، ِﻪِﻧﺎَﻄْﻠُﺳ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
ُﻪَﻟ ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ًﺎﻤْﻠِﺳ ْﻢُﻬﻣﺪْﻗَﺄَﻓ
» ﺎﻨِﺳ «
ًﺎﻣﻼْﺳِإ ْيَأ
ﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ِﻟ ْﻢُهؤَﺮْﻗَأ َمْﻮَﻘْﻟا ﱡمُﺆَﻳ
ْﻢُﻬُﻣﺪْﻗَأ ﻢﻬﱡﻣُﺆَﻴَﻓ ًءاﻮَﺳ ْﻢﻬُﺗَءاﺮِﻗ ْﺖَﻧﺎَآ ْنِﺈَﻓ ، ًةَءاﺮِﻗ ْﻢُﻬُﻣﺪْﻗَأو ، ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِبﺎَﺘﻜ
ًﺎﻨِﺳ ْﻢُهُﺮﺒْآَأ ْﻢُﻬﱠﻣﺆُﻴْﻠَﻓ ، ءاَﻮﺳ ِةَﺮْﺠِﻬﻟا ﻲﻓ اﻮﻧﺎَآ ْنِﺈَﻓ ، ًةﺮْﺠِه
ﺺَﺘْﺨﻳ يﺬﻟا ُﻊﺿْﻮﻤﻟا ْوَأ ، ِﻪِﺘﻳﻻو ﱡﻞﺤﻣ
ﻪﺑ .
ُﻪُﺘﻣِﺮْﻜَﺗَو «
ِءاﺮﻟاو ﺮﺴآو ِءﺎﺘﻟا ِﺢﺘﻔﺑ
ﺎَﻤِهِﻮْﺤﻧو ٍﺮﻳِﺮﺳو ٍشاﺮِﻓ ْﻦِﻣ ِﻪِﺑ ُدِﺮَﻔْﻨَﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻲِهو
Abu Mas`ud `Uqbah bin `Amr Al-Badri Al-Ansari (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of
Allah (PBUH) said,
"The person who is best versed in the recitation of the Book of Allah, should lead the prayer;
but if all those present are equally versed in it, then the one who has most knowledge of the Sunnah; if they are
equal in that respect too, then the one who has emigrated (to Al-Madinah) first, if they are equal in this respect also,
then the oldest of them. No man should lead another in prayer where the latter has authority, or sit in his house,
without his permission".
In another narration in Muslim: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"One who is senior most in accepting Islam,
should lead the Salat (prayer)"
Yet another narration is: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"A man who is well versed in the Book of Allah and can
recite it better, should lead the Salat (prayer); if (all those present) are equal in this respect, then the man who is
senior most in respect of emigration, if they are equal in that respect too, then the oldest of them should lead the
This Hadith highlights the following three points:
1. The order of priority for the appointment of Imam [one who leads As-Salat
(the prayers)
should be as follows:
First, preference should go to a good Qari (reciter of the Noble Qur'an) who is also an expert in it, provided he is
pious and acts upon the teachings of the Noble Qur'an faithfully. He should not be a non-practising Muslim.
Nowadays, we have an abundance of Imam but many of them are neither pious nor faithfully act upon religious
teachings. In any case, where we can find a Qari who fulfills the requirements just mentioned, he deserves first
preference for appointment as Imam. Even a religious scholar will come next to him. It must be borne in mind that
nice recitation of the Noble Qur'an does not mean its recitation with great skill, but its essentials are elegant voice,
acquaintance with the `Ilm-ut-Tajwid (or science of reciting the Qur'an), clear and distinct recitation.
2. The ruler of a territory, its highest officer and governor should work as Imam in their respective areas. In the early
ages of Islam, these authorities used to administer their areas, dispense justice and lead congregational prayers
3. When one goes to somebody's house, he should not occupy the place reserved for the master of the house unless
he himself asks him to sit there.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋو
ُلﻮُﻘَﻳَو ِةﻼﱠﺼﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺎَﻨَﺒِآﺎَﻨﻣ ُﺢﺴْﻤﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر نﺎآ
، اﻮُﻔِﻠﺘْﺨﺗ ﻻَو اوُﻮَﺘْﺳا
ﻢﻬَﻧﻮﻠﻳ ﻦﻳﺬﻟا ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ﻢﻬَﻧﻮُﻠَﻳ َﻦﻳِﺬﱠﻟا ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ﻰَﻬﱡﻨﻟاو ِمﻼْﺣَﻷا اﻮﻟوُأ ْﻢُﻜﻨِﻣ ﻲﻨِﻠَﻴِﻟ ، ْﻢُﻜُﺑﻮُﻠُﻗ َﻒِﻠَﺘْﺨَﺘَﻓ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﻟﻮﻗو
» ﻲﻨِﻠَﻴِﻟ
ٍءﺎﻳ ﻊﻣ نﻮﱡﻨﻟا ﺪﻳﺪﺸﺘﺑ يِوُرو ، ٌءﺎَﻳ ﺎَﻬَﻠْﺒَﻗ َﺲْﻴَﻟَو نﻮﱡﻨﻟا ﻒﻴﻔﺨﺘﺑ ﻮه
ﺎَﻬَﻠْﺒَﻗ .
» ﻰَﻬﱡﻨﻟاو «
مﻼْﺣَﻷا اﻮُﻟوُأو
ﻞﻴﻗَو ، َنﻮُﻐِﻟﺎَﺒْﻟا ْﻢُه
ِﻞْﻀَﻔْﻟاَو ِﻢْﻠِﺤﻟا ُﻞْهَأ