Page 163 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: After the battle of Uhud, the Prophet (PBUH) arranged the
burial of two of the martyrs in one grave. In each case he would ask,
"Which one of them had learnt more Qur'an by
'' Whichever was thus pointed out to him, was placed by him first in the Lahd.
Lahd is a type of grave in which a niche is made on the left side of it to place the corpse. The grave
which is straight, a common type, is called Darih. This Hadith tells about the distinction of the Hafiz and his
superiority over others. Similarly, the learned, the pious and men of outstanding virtues should have preference over
others. The Hadith also indicates the permissibility to bury two or three persons in a single grave in time of need or
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﱠنَأ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺮﻤُﻋ ﻦﺑا ﻦﻋو
، ٍكاَﻮِﺴِﺑ ُكﱠﻮَﺴَﺗَأ ِمﺎَﻨَﻤﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻲﻧاَرَأ
ِﺮَﺧﻵا َﻦِﻣ ُﺮَﺒْآَأ ﺎَﻤُهُﺪﺣَأ ، ِنﻼُﺟَر ﻲِﻧَءﺎَﺠَﻓ
ﻲﻟ َﻞﻴﻘﻓ ، َﺮَﻐْﺻَﻷا َكاَﻮﱢﺴﻟا ُﺖْﻟَوﺎَﻨَﻓ ،
ِﺮَﺒْآَﻷا ﻰﻟِإ ُﻪُﺘْﻌَﻓَﺪَﻓ ، ْﺮﱢﺒَآ
ﺎَﻤُﻬْﻨِﻣ «
ًﺎﻘﻴِﻠﻌﺗ ﱡيرﺎﺨﺒﻟاو ًاﺪَﻨْﺴُﻣ ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
`Abdullah bin `Umar (May Allah be pleased with tehm) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"It was shown to
me in my dream that I was cleaning my teeth with a Miswak and two men came to me, one being older than the
other. I gave the Miswak to the younger one, but I was asked to give it to the older, which I did".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
A Musnad Hadith is one in which the full chain of its narrators is mentioned while the Mu`allaq
Hadith is that in which the first one or two or more or all its narrators are omitted. This Hadith has been mentioned
in Al-Bukhari without any authority.
We learn two things from this Hadith. First, one can use Miswak of another person with his permission. Second, the
eldest people should have precedence over others in every matter, except in cases where a younger one excels them
in some merit.
ﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﻰﺳﻮﻣ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِلﻼْﺟِإ ْﻦِﻣ ﱠنِإ
ْﻠﱡﺴﻟا يِذ َماَﺮْآِإو ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻲﻓﺎَﺠﻟاو ، ِﻪﻴِﻓ ﻲﻟﺎَﻐْﻟا ِﺮْﻴَﻏ ِنﺁﺮُﻘْﻟا ِﻞِﻣﺎَﺣَو ، ِﻢِﻠْﺴُﻤﻟا ِﺔﺒْﻴﱠﺸﻟا ىذ َماَﺮْآِإ ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ
ِﻂِﺴْﻘُﻤﻟا ِنﺎَﻄ
اد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور ٌﻦﺴﺣ ٌﺚﻳﺪﺣ
Abu Musa (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"It is out of reverence
to Allah in respecting an aged Muslim, and the one who commits the Qur'an to memory and does not exaggerate
pronouncing its letters nor forgets it after memorizing, and to respect the just ruler".
[Abu Dawud]
An aged Muslim here means one who lives a pious life till his old age. The word "Hamil-ul-Qur'an''
translated here as `the one who commits the Qur'an to memory,' who have memorized the complete Qur'an. That is
to say he is not aggressive in putting it into practice and does not take shelter of far-fetched interpretations to justify
his own intellectual and religious perversion. This Hadith stresses that a pious old man, a Hamil-ul-Qur'an and a just
head of a Muslim government should be respected. Since their respect has been ordained by Allah, respecting them
is in fact revering Allah.
لﺎﻗ ﻢﻬﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﻩﱢﺪَﺟ ﻦﻋ ، ِﻪِﻴﺑَأ ﻦﻋ ، ٍﺐْﻴَﻌُﺷ ِﻦﺑ وﺮْﻤَﻋ ﻦﻋو
ﻟا ُلﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو :
ﺎَﻧِﺮﻴِﺒَآ َفﺮَﺷ ْفِﺮْﻌَﻳَو ، ﺎَﻧَﺮﻴِﻐَﺻ ْﻢَﺣْﺮَﻳ ْﻢَﻟ ْﻦَﻣ ﺎﱠﻨِﻣ َﺲْﻴَﻟ
، يﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟاو دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور ٌﺢﻴﺤﺻ ٌﺚﻳﺪﺣ
يﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟا لﺎﻗو
ﺢﻴﺤﺻ ٌﻦﺴﺣ ٌﺚﻳﺪﺣ
دواد ﻲﺑأ ﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ﺎَﻧِﺮﻴِﺒَآ ﱠﻖَﺣ
`Amr bin Shu`aib (May Allah be pleased with him)on the authority of his father who heard it from his father
reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:
"He is not one of us who shows no mercy to younger ones and does not
acknowledge the honour due to our elders".
[At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud].
The words "he is not one of us'' here mean that he is not following the way of the Prophet (PBUH).
To show compassion to youngster means showing kindness and generosity to them. On the same principle, it is
essential for the young that they respect the elders, the learned and the pious.