Page 164 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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ّﺮﻣَو ، ًةَﺮْﺴِآ ُﻪْﺘَﻄْﻋَﺄَﻓ ،ٌﻞِﺋﺎَﺳ ﺎﻬِﺑ ﱠﺮَﻣ ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺔَﺸﺋﺎَﻋ نَأ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻪﻤﺣر ٍﺐﻴِﺒَﺷ ﻲﺑأ ِﻦﺑ َنﻮُﻤْﻴَﻣ ﻦﻋو
ِﻘَﻓ َﻞَآَﺄَﻓ ، ُﻪْﺗﺪَﻌْﻗَﺄَﻓ ، ٌﺔَﺌْﻴَهو ٌبﺎَﻴِﺛ ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ٌﻞُﺟَر ﺎَﻬِﺑ
ﺖﻟﺎﻘﻓ ؟ َﻚﻟذ ﻲﻓ ﺎَﻬَﻟ َﻞﻴ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
ْﻢُﻬَﻟِزﺎَﻨَﻣ َسﺎﱠﻨﻟا اﻮُﻟِﺰْﻧَأ
دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
لﺎﻗ ْﻦِﻜﻟ
َﺔَﺸِﺋﺎﻋ كِرْﺪُﻳ ْﻢَﻟ ُنﻮُﻤْﻴَﻣ
لﺎﻘﻓ ًﺎﻘﻴِﻠْﻌَﺗ ِﻪﺤﻴِﺤَﺻ ِلﱠوَأ ﻲﻓ ٌﻢﻠْﺴُﻣ ُﻩَﺮَآَذ ْﺪَﻗَو
ﺎﻋ ْﻦَﻋ َﺮَآُذَو
ﺖﻟﺎﻗ ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺔَﺸِﺋ
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر ﺎﻧﺮﻣَأ
، ْﻢُﻬَﻟِزﺎَﻨَﻣ َسﺎﱠﻨﻟا لِﺰْﻨُﻧ ْنَأ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ
ِﻪِﺑﺎﺘِآ ﻲﻓ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﺪﺒﻋ ﻮُﺑَأ ُﻢِآﺎﺤﻟا ُﻩَﺮَآَذَو
ﺚﻳﺪَﺤﻟا ِمﻮُﻠُﻋ ﺔَﻓﺮْﻌَﻣ
لﺎﻗو :
ﺢﻴﺤﺻ ٌﺚﻳﺪﺣ ﻮه
)ﺖﻠﻗ :
ﻒﻴﻌﺿ ﻞﺑ
نﺎﺘﻠﻋ ﻪﻴﻓ
ﺖﺑﺎﺛ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﺑ ﺐﻴﺒﺣ ﺲﻴﻟﺪﺗو ، ع
. [
ﺎﻘﻴﻠﻌﺗ ﺢﻴﺤﺻ لوأ ﻲﻓ ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩﺮآذ
ﺖﻟﺎﻗ ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﷲا ﻲﺿر ﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ﻦﻋ ﺮآذو
ﻢﻬﻟزﺎﻨﻣ سﺎﻨﻟا لﺰﻨﻧ نأ ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﷲا ﻰﻠﺻ ﷲا لﻮﺳر ﺎﻧﺮﻣأ
Maimun bin Abu Shabib (May Allah had mercy upon him) reported: A begger asked `Aishah (May Allah be
pleased with her) for charity and she gave him a piece of bread. Thereafter, one well-dressed person asked her for
charity and she invited him to sit down and served him food. When she was asked about the reason for the
difference in treatment, she said: "Messenger of Allah (PBUH) instructed us:
`Treat people according to their
[Abu Dawud].
This Hadith stresses that:
1. One should neither belittle a respectable person nor should one elevate a mean one. Everyone should be treated
according to his real status.
2. It is unbecoming to take support from the Qur'an and Hadith and twist it to substantiate one's own views.
3. The Hadith, however, is classified as Da`if
as there is no link in the chain of its narrators between `Aishah
and Maimun.
لﺎﻗ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍسﺎﺒﻋ ﻦﺑا ﻦﻋو
، ٍﺲْﻴَﻗ ِﻦْﺑ ﱢﺮُﺤﻟا ِﻪﻴِﺧَأ ِﻦﺑا ﻰَﻠَﻋ َلَﺰَﻨَﻓ ، ٍﻦْﺼِﺣ ُﻦْﺑ ُﺔَﻨْﻴَﻴُﻋ َمِﺪَﻗ
ِﺗَرَوﺎَﺸُﻣَو َﺮَﻤُﻋ ِﺲِﻠْﺠَﻣ َبﺎَﺤْﺻَأ ُءاﱠﺮُﻘﻟا َنﺎَآَو ، ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ُﺮَﻤُﻋ ْﻢِﻬﻴﻧْﺪُﻳ َﻦﻳِﺬﱠﻟا ِﺮَﻔﱠﻨﻟا َﻦِﻣ َنﺎَآَو
ًﻻﻮُﻬُآ ، ِﻪ
ِﻪﻴِﺧَأ َﻦْﺑﻻ ُﺔَﻨْﻴَﻴُﻋ لﺎﻘﻓ ، ًﺎﻧﺎﱠﺒُﺷ ْوَأ اﻮُﻧﺎَآ
َنَذَﺄَﺘْﺳﺎَﻓ ، ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ﻲﻟ ْنِذْﺄَﺘْﺳﺎَﻓ ، ِﺮﻴِﻣَﻷا اَﺬه َﺪْﻨِﻋ ٌﻪْﺟو َﻚَﻟ ﻲﺧَأ َﻦْﺑا ﺎﻳ
ﻞَﺧَد ﺎﻤﻠﻓ ، ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ُﺮَﻤُﻋ ُﻪَﻟ َنِذَﺄَﻓ ، ُﻪَﻟ
ِبﺎﱠﻄَﺨﻟا َﻦْﺑا ﺎﻳ ﻲِه لﺎﻗ
ُﺗ ﺎَﻣ ﻪﱠﻠﻟاَﻮَﻓ
ُﻢُﻜْﺤَﺗ ﻻَو ، َلْﺰَﺠﻟا ﺎَﻨﻴِﻄْﻌ
ﱡﺮُﺤﻟا ُﻪَﻟ لﺎﻘﻓ ، ِﻪِﺑ َﻊِﻗﻮُﻳ ْنَأ ﱠﻢَه ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ُﺮَﻤُﻋ َﺐِﻀَﻐَﻓ ،ِلْﺪَﻌﻟﺎِﺑ ﺎﻨﻴِﻓ
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠنِإ َﻦﻴِﻨِﻣْﺆُﻤﻟا َﺮﻴِﻣَأ ﺎَﻳ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱢﻴِﺒَﻨِﻟ لﺎﻗ ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ
ﺎِﺑ ْﺮُﻣْأَو َﻮْﻔَﻌﻟا ِﺬُﺧ
َﻦﻴﻠِهﺎَﺠﻟا ِﻦَﻋ ْ
ضِﺮْﻋَأَو ِفْﺮُﻌﻟ
َﻦِﻣ اﺬه نإو
ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِبﺎَﺘِآ َﺪْﻨِﻋ ًﺎﻓﺎﱠﻗَو َنﺎَآَو ، ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ﺎَهﻼَﺗ َﻦﻴِﺣ ُﺮﻤُﻋ ﺎَهَزوﺎﺟ ﺎﻣ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟاو
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
Ibn Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: `Uyainah bin Hisn came to Al-Madinah and stayed with
his nephew Al-Hurr bin Qais who was among those who were close to `Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) and
had access to his council. The scholarly persons, whether they were old or young, had the privilege of joining his
council and he used to consult them. `Uyainah said to Al-Hurr:
"My dear nephew, you have an access to the Leader
of the Believers. Will you obtain permission for me to sit with him?
'' Al-Hurr asked `Umar and he accorded
permission. When `Uyainah came into the presence of `Umar, he addressed him thus:
"O son of Al-Khattab, you
neither bestow much on us nor deal with us justly.''
`Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) got angry and was
about to beat him when Al-Hurr said:
"O Leader of the Believers, Allah has said to his Prophet (PBUH):
forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the foolish (i.e., don't punish them), [i.e., `Uyainah]
This is one of the ignorant ones.'' By Allah! When al-Hurr recited this, `Umar became quite motionless in his seat.
He always adhered strictly to the Book of Allah.
This incident has been cited in this chapter for the reason it tells us that many `Ulama' and Qurra'
were members of the special advisory council of `Umar (May Allah be pleased with him). Therefore, men in
authority should appoint their advisors from men who are known for their knowledge, intelligence and piety so that
they have the benefit of their sincere and sagacious advice regardless of the flimsy and temporary worldly interests.
Besides this, the rulers should also be rich in patience and perseverance.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍبﺪْﻨُﺟ ِﻦﺑ َةﺮُﻤَﺳ ٍﺪﻴﻌﺳ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ِﺪْﻬﻋ ﻰَﻠَﻋ ُﺖْﻨآ ْﺪَﻘَﻟ
، ُﻪْﻨﻋ ُﻆَﻔﺣَأ ُﺖْﻨُﻜَﻓ ، ًﺎﻣﻼُﻏ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو
ﻲﱢﻨِﻣ ﱡﻦﺳَأ ْﻢُه ًﻻﺎﺟِر ﺎَﻨُﻬَه ﱠنَأ ﱠﻻِإ ِلْﻮَﻘﻟا َﻦِﻣ ﻲﻨُﻌَﻨْﻤَﻳ ﺎَﻤَﻓ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Sa`id Samurah bin Jundub (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
I was a boy during the lifetime of
Messenger of Allah (PBUH), and used to commit to my memory what he said, but I do not narrate what I preserved
because there were among us people who were older than me.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].