Page 182 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Another narration is: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Did you kill him in spite of his professing La ilaha
I said, "O Messenger of Allah! He said out of fear of our arms.'' He (PBUH) said,
"Why did you not cut his
heart open to find out whether he had done so sincerely or not?
'' He continued repeating it until I wished that I had
embraced Islam only that day.
The relevance of this Hadith with the present chapter is evident from the fact that it stresses that
injunctions of Islam will be enforced on every Muslim according to his apparent condition. It is a very wise course
indeed for the reason that it has closed the door of retaliation; otherwise, everyone could kill his enemy on the
pretext that the victim was not sincere in his profession of Islam. In order to rule out the possibility of any such
mischief, probing into the true condition of the heart is ruled out. A Muslim has to be treated according to his
apparent condition only.
َﻦِﻣ ًﺎﺜْﻌﺑ َﺚﻌﺑ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﱠنَأ ، ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ِﻦﺑ ِبﺪْﻨُﺟ ﻦﻋو
ْﻘَﻳ ْنَأ َءﺎَﺷ اذِإ َﻦﻴِآِﺮْﺸُﻤﻟا َﻦِﻣ ٌﻞُﺟَر َنﺎَﻜَﻓ ، اْﻮَﻘَﺘْﻟا ْﻢُﻬﱠﻧَأَو ، َﻦﻴِآِﺮْﺸُﻤﻟا َﻦِﻣ ٍمْﻮَﻗ ﻰﻟِإ َﻦﻴِﻤِﻠْﺴُﻤﻟا
ِﻣ ٍﻞُﺟَر ﻰﻟِإ َﺪِﺼ
ُأ ُﻪﱠﻧَأ ُثﱠﺪَﺤَﺘَﻧ ﺎﱠﻨُآَو ، ُﻪَﺘَﻠْﻔَﻏ َﺪَﺼَﻗ َﻦﻴِﻤِﻠْﺴُﻤﻟا َﻦِﻣ ًﻼُﺟَر ﱠنَأَو ، ُﻪَﻠَﺘَﻘَﻓ ُﻪَﻟ َﺪَﺼَﻗ َﻦﻴِﻤِﻠْﺴُﻤﻟا
َﻊَﻓَر ﺎﱠﻤﻠَﻓ ٍﺪْﻳَز ُﻦْﺑ ُﺔَﻣﺎَﺳ
لﺎﻗ ، َﻒْﻴﱠﺴﻟا ﻪﻴﻠﻋ
ﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﻰﻟِإ ُﺮﻴِﺸَﺒْﻟا َءﺎَﺠَﻓ ، ُﻪَﻠَﺘَﻘﻓ ، ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠﻻِإ ﻪﻟِإ ﻻ
، ُﻪَﻟَﺄَﺴَﻓ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪ
لﺎﻘﻓ ، ُﻪَﻟَﺄَﺴَﻓ ُﻩﺎَﻋَﺪَﻓ ، َﻊَﻨﺻ َﻒْﻴَآ ِﻞُﺟﱠﺮﻟا ﺮَﺒَﺧ ُﻩَﺮَﺒْﺧَأ ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ ، ُﻩَﺮَﺒْﺧَأو
؟ ُﻪَﺘْﻠَﺘَﻗ َﻢِﻟ
َلﺎَﻘَﻓ :
ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﺎﻳ
ًاﺮﻔَﻧ ﻪﻟ ﻰﱠﻤَﺳو ًﺎﻧﻼُﻓو ًﺎﻧﻼُﻓ َﻞﺘَﻗو ، َﻦﻴِﻤِﻠْﺴُﻤﻟا ﻲﻓ َﻊَﺟْوَأ
لﺎﻗ َﻒْﻴﱠﺴﻟا ىَأَر ﺎﱠﻤَﻠَﻓ ، ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ْﺖﻠَﻤَﺣ ﻲﱢﻧِإو
ﱠﻻِإ ﻪﻟِإ ﻻ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
؟ ُﻪَﺘْﻠَﺘَﻗَأ
لﺎﻗ :
لﺎﻗ ،
، ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠﻻِإ ﻪﻟِإ ﻼﺑ ُﻊَﻨْﺼَﺗ َﻒْﻴﻜَﻓ
؟ ِﺔَﻣﺎﻴﻘﻟا َمْﻮﻳ تَءﺎﺟ اذِإ
ﻲﻟ ْﺮِﻔْﻐَﺘْﺳا ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر
لﺎﻗ :
تَءﺎﺟ اذِإ ،ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠﻻِإ ﻪﻟِإ ﻼِﺑ ُﻊَﻨْﺼَﺗ ْﻒﻴآو
؟ ِﺔَﻣﺎﻴِﻘﻟا َمْﻮَﻳ
َلﻮُﻘَﻳ ْنَأ ﻰﻠَﻋ ُﺪﻳﺰَﻳ ﻻ َﻞَﻌَﺠَﻓ
ِﺔَﻣﺎﻴِﻘﻟا َمْﻮَﻳ ْتَءﺎﺟ اذإ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠﻻِإ َﻪﻟِإ ﻼِﺑ ُﻊَﻨْﺼَﺗ َﻒﻴآ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ .
Jundub bin `Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) dispatched a
contingent of the Muslims to a tribe of the polytheists. The two sides met (in combat) at one place. A man among
the polytheists was so dashing that, whenever he intended to kill a man from Muslims, he killed him. Amongst the
Muslims, too, was a man looking forward to (an opportunity of) his (polytheist's) unmindfulness. He (the narrator)
said: We talked that he was Usamah bin Zaid (May Allah be pleased with him). When he raised his sword, he (the
soldier of the polytheists) uttered: "La ilaha illallah (There is no true god except Allah).'' But he (Usamah bin Zaid)
killed him. When the good news of victory reached Messenger of Allah (PBUH) he asked him (about the events of
the battle), and he informed him about the man (Usamah) and what he had done. He (Messenger of Allah (PBUH))
sent for him and asked him why he had killed him. He (Usamah) said, "O Messenger of Allah, he struck the
Muslims and killed such and such of them.'' And he named some of them. (He continued): "I attacked him and when
he saw the sword he said: `La ilaha illallah.''' Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Did you kill him?
'' He (Usamah)
replied in the affirmative. The Messenger of Allah then remarked,
"What would you do with regard to (the
utterance): La ilaha illallah, when it comes (before you) on the Day of Resurrection?''
He (Usamah) said, "O
Messenger of Allah! Beg forgiveness for me"
He (the Prophet (PBUH)) said,
"What would you do with regard to
(the utterance): La ilaha illallah, when it comes (before you) on the Day of Resurrection?''
He (Messenger of Allah
(PBUH)) added nothing to it but kept repeating,
"What would you do with regard to (the utterance): La ilaha illallah,
when it comes (before you) on the Day of Resurrection?".
This Hadith mentions the incident which has been quoted in the preceding one. There is only a slight
variation in the wording of the two. This Hadith is reported by Muslim under the chapter "The prohibition of killing
a Kafir (disbeliever) after having testified that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah".
لﺎﻗ ٍدﻮﻌﺴﻣ ﻦﺑ ﺔﺒﺘﻋ ِﻦﺑ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﻋو
ُلﻮﻘﻳ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ِبﺎﱠﻄَﺨﻟا َﻦْﺑ ﺮَﻤُﻋ ُﺖْﻌِﻤﺳ
ًﺎﺳﺎَﻧ ﱠنِإ
َﻮﻟﺎﺑ َنوُﺬَﺧْﺆُﻳ اﻮُﻧﺎَآ
َنﻵا ُﻢُآُﺬُﺧْﺄَﻧ ﺎَﻤﱠﻧِإو ،َﻊَﻄَﻘْﻧا ِﺪَﻗ َﻲْﺣَﻮﻟا ﱠنِإو ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ِﺪْﻬَﻋ ﻲﻓ ﻲْﺣ
ﻲﺷ ِﻪِﺗَﺮﻳﺮَﺳ ْﻦِﻣ ﺎَﻨﻟ ﺲْﻴَﻟَو ﻩﺎﻨﺑﱠﺮﻗو ، ُﻩﺎﱠﻨﱠﻣَأ ، ًاﺮْﻴَﺧ ﺎﻨَﻟ َﺮَﻬْﻇَأ ْﻦَﻤَﻓ ، ْﻢُﻜِﻟﺎَﻤْﻋَأ ْﻦِﻣ ﺎَﻨَﻟ َﺮَﻬَﻇ ﺎﻤِﺑ
ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ، ٌء
ٌﺔَﻨﺴَﺣ ﻪَﺗَﺮﻳِﺮَﺳ ﱠنِإ لﺎﻗ ْنِإو ُﻪْﻗﱢﺪَﺼُﻧ ْﻢَﻟَو ، ُﻪْﻨﻣْﺄﻧ ْﻢَﻟ ، ًاءﻮُﺳ ﺎَﻨَﻟ َﺮَﻬْﻇَأ ْﻦَﻣو ، ِﻪِﺗَﺮﻳِﺮﺳ ﻲﻓ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
`Abdullah bin `Utbah bin Mas`ud reported: I heard `Umar bin Al-Khattab (May Allah be pleased with him)
reported saying:
"In the lifetime of Messenger of Allah (PBUH) some people were called to account through
Revelation. Now Revelation has discontinued and we shall judge you by your apparent acts. Whoever displays to us
good, we shall grant him peace and security, and treat him as a near one. We have nothing to do with his insight.
Allah will call him to account for that. But whosoever shows evil to us, we shall not grant him security nor shall we