Page 184 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 50
Fear (of Allah)
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"And fear none but Me".
"Verily, (O Muhammad (PBUH)) the Grip (punishment) of your Rubb is severe".
"Such is the Seizure of your Rubb when He seizes the (population of) towns while they are doing wrong.
Verily, His Seizure is painful, (and) severe. Indeed in that (there) is a sure lesson for those who fear the
torment of the Hereafter. That is a Day whereon mankind will be gathered together, and that is a Day when
all (the dwellers of the heavens and the earth) will be present. And We delay it only for a term (already) fixed.
On the Day when it comes, no person shall speak except by His (Allah's) Leave. Some among them will be
wretched and (others) blessed. As for those who are wretched, they will be in the Fire, sighing in a high and
low tone".
"And Allah warns you against Himself (His punishment)".
"That Day shall a man flee from his brother. And from his mother and his father. And from his wife and his
children. Every man that Day will have enough to make him careless of others".
"O mankind! Fear your Rubb and be dutiful to Him! Verily, the earthquake of the Hour (of Resurrection) is
a terrible thing. The Day you shall see it, every nursing mother will forget her nursling, and every pregnant
one will drop her load, and you shall see mankind as in a drunken state, yet they will not be drunken, but
severe will be the Torment of Allah".
"But for him who fears the standing before his Rubb, there will be two Gardens (i.e., in Jannah)".
"And some of them draw near to others, questioning. Saying: `Aforetime, we were afraid (of the punishment
of Allah) in the midst of our families. So Allah has been gracious to us, and has saved us from the torment of
the Fire. Verily, we used to invoke Him (Alone and none else) before. Verily, He is Al-Barr (the Most Subtle,
Kind, Courteous, and Generous), the Most Merciful.".
لﺎﻗ ، ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ٍدﻮﻌﺴﻣ ِﻦﺑا ﻦﻋ
َﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر ﺎﻨﺛﺪﺣ
ُقِدﺎﱠﺼﻟا ﻮهو ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠ
ﱠﻢُﺛ ، َﻚِﻟذ َﻞْﺜِﻣ ًﺔَﻘَﻠَﻋ ُنﻮُﻜَﻳ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ًﺔَﻔْﻄُﻧ ًﺎﻣْﻮَﻳ َﻦﻴِﻌَﺑْرَأ ِﻪﱢﻣُأ ﻦْﻄَﺑ ﻲﻓ ُﻪُﻘْﻠَﺧ ُﻊَﻤْﺠُﻳ ْﻢُآَﺪَﺣَأ ﱠنِإ
، َحوﱠﺮﻟا ِﻪﻴِﻓ ُﺦُﻔْﻨَﻴَﻓ ، ُﻚَﻠَﻤﻟا ُﻞَﺳْﺮُﻳ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، َﻚِﻟذ َﻞْﺜﻣ ًﺔَﻐْﻀُﻣ
ٍتﺎﻤِﻠَآ ِﻊَﺑْرَﺄِﺑ ُﺮَﻣْﺆُﻳَو
، ِﻪِﻠَﻤﻋَو ، ِﻪِﻠﺟَأَو ، ِﺔِﻗزِر ِﺐْﺘَﻜِﺑ
ٌﺪﻴِﻌﺳ ْوَأ ﱞﻲﻘَﺷَو
ﱠﻻِإ ﺎَﻬَﻨْﻴَﺑو ُﻪَﻨْﻴَﺑ ُنﻮُﻜَﻳ ﺎَﻣ ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ ِﺔﱠﻨَﺠﻟا ِﻞْهَأ َﻞَﻤَﻋ ُﻞَﻤْﻌَﻴَﻟ ْﻢُآَﺪَﺣَأ ﱠنِإ ُﻩُﺮْﻴَﻏ ﻪﻟِإ ﻻ يِﺬﱠﻟا َﻮَﻓ
، ٌعارِذ
ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﻖﺒْﺴَﻴَﻓ
ﱠﺘَﺣ ِرﺎﱠﻨﻟا ِﻞْهَأ ِﻞَﻤَﻌِﺑ ُﻞَﻤْﻌَﻴَﻟ ْﻢُآَﺪَﺣَأ ﱠنِإَو ، ﺎَﻬُﻠُﺧْﺪَﻴَﻓ ، ِرﺎﱠﻨﻟا ﻞْهَأ ِﻞَﻤَﻌِﺑ ُﻞَﻤْﻌَﻴَﻓ ، ُبﺎﺘِﻜْﻟا
ُﻪَﻨْﻴَﺑ ُنﻮُﻜَﻳ ﺎَﻣ ﻰ
ُﻠُﺧْﺪَﻴَﻓ ِﺔﱠﻨَﺠﻟا ِﻞْهَأ ِﻞَﻤَﻌِﺑ ُﻞَﻤْﻌَﻴَﻓ ُبﺎَﺘِﻜْﻟا ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﻖِﺒْﺴَﻴَﻓ ، ٌعاَرِذ ﱠﻻِإ ﺎَﻬَﻨْﻴَﺑَو
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
`Abdullah bin Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH), the truthful and
the receiver of the truth informed us, saying,
"The creation of you (humans) is gathered in the form of semen in the
womb of your mother for forty days, then it becomes a clinging thing in similar (period), then it becomes a lump of
flesh like that, then Allah sends an angel who breathes the life into it; and (the angel) is commanded to record four
things about it: Its provision, its term of life (in this world), its conduct; and whether it will be happy or miserable.
By the One besides Whom there is no true god! Verily, one of you would perform the actions of the dwellers of
Jannah until there is only one cubit between him and it (Jannah), when what is foreordained would come to pass and
he would perform the actions of the inmates of Hell until he enter it. And one of you would perform the actions of
the inmates of Hell, until there is only one cubit between him and Hell. Then he would perform the acts of the
dwellers of Jannah until he would enter it.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith deals with the problem of fate in which Faith is essential. What it means is that
Almighty Allah already knows about every person, whether he will be pious or impious, whether he will go to
Jannah or Hell. He has already recorded all this. But it does not mean that man is absolutely helpless and is deprived
of will and power, as is believed by some deviant sects who have gone astray. Fate is in fact a manifestation of the
Knowledge of Allah and it has nothing to do with the will and intention of a person. Allah has not created man as a
helpless creature, but has endowed him with the freedom of will and action, because in the absence of these two
qualities, there would be no justification for his trial. He could only be put to test if he was granted not only the
ability to choose between good and evil but also the freedom to act. For this purpose, Almighty Allah, has clearly
indicated to man both the paths and granted him freedom to choose whichever he likes. He has also told him the
ultimate end of each. The Noble Qur'an says:
"Verily, We showed him the way, whether he be grateful or ungrateful".
"Then whosoever wills, let him believe; and whosoever wills, let him disbelieve".