Page 191 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"Allah, the Almighty, says:
`Whosoever does a good deed, will have (reward) ten times like it and I add more; and whosoever does an evil, will
have the punishment like it or I will forgive (him); and whosoever approaches Me by one span, I will approach him
by one cubit; and whosoever approaches Me by one cubit, I approach him by one fathom, and whosoever comes to
Me walking, I go to him running; and whosoever meets Me with an earth-load of sins without associating anything
with Me, I meet him with forgiveness like that".
This Hadith mentions the infinite Compassion and Mercy of Allih to His obedient slaves and a
special expression of which will be made by Him on the Day of Resurrection. On that Day, He will give at least ten
times reward for each good deed. In some cases it may be far more than that, seven hundred times or more, as He
would like. Such benevolence on His part warrants that a Muslim should never lose hope of His forgiveness.
لﺎﻗ ، ﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ﺮﺑﺎﺟ ﻦﻋو
لﺎﻘﻓ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻰﻟِإ ﱞﻲِﺑاَﺮْﻋَأ َءﺎَﺟ
ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر ﺎﻳ
َلﺎَﻘَﻓ ؟ ِنﺎﺘَﺒِﺟﻮُﻤﻟا ﺎﻣ ،
ا َﻞَﺧَد ، ًﺎﺌْﻴَﺷ ِﻪِﺑ ُكِﺮْﺸُﻳ َتﺎﻣ ْﻦَﻣَو ، َﺔﱠﻨَﺠﻟا َﻞَﺧد ًﺎﺌْﻴَﺷ ﻪﱠﻠﻟﺎِﺑ ُكِﺮﺸُﻳ َﻻ تﺎَﻣ ْﻦَﻣ
ﻢﻠﺴُﻣ ﻩاور
Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A bedouin came to the Prophet (PBUH) and asked him, "O
Messenger of Allah, what are the two imperatives which lead to Jannah or Hell". He (PBUH) replied,
"He who dies
without associating anything with Allah will enter Jannah, and he who dies associating partners with Allah will enter
the Fire".
This Hadith also holds promise for a Muslim that being a Muslim and Muwahhid (believer in the
Oneness of Allah) he will be at last sent to Jannah. Whether he goes straight to Jannah or after suffering the
punishment of his sins in Hell, is a separate issue, but he will not remain in Hell for ever. Eternal punishment in Hell
is reserved only for pagans, polytheists, and infidels.
َلﺎَﻗ ِﻞْﺣﱠﺮﻟا ﻰﻠَﻋ ُﻪُﻔﻳِدر ٌذﺎَﻌُﻣَو ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﱠنَأ ، ﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ٍﺲﻧَأ ﻦﻋَو
» ُذﺎﻌُﻣ ﺎﻳ
لﺎﻗ :
، َﻚْﻳَﺪْﻌَﺳَو ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳر ﺎﻳ َﻚْﻴﱠﻴﺒَﻟ
َلﺎﻗ :
» ُذﺎَﻌُﻣ ﺎﻳ
َلﺎﻗ :
َو ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮُﺳَرﺎﻳ َﻚﻴﱠﺒَﻟ
َﻚْﻳﺪْﻌَﺳ .
َلﺎﻗ :
» ُذﺎﻌُﻣ ﺎَﻳ
لﺎﻗ :
َﻚﻳﺪْﻌَﺳَو ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر ﺎﻳ َﻚْﻴﱠﺒَﻟ
َلﺎﻗ ، ًﺎﺛﻼﺛ
ُﻩُﺪْﺒَﻋ اﺪﻤَﺤُﻣ ﱠنَأَو ، ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠﻻِإ ﻪﻟِإ َﻻ ْنَأ ُﺪَﻬْﺸَﻳ ٍﺪﺒَﻋ ﻦِﻣ ﺎﻣ
ِرﺎﱠﻨﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻪَﻣَّﺮَﺣ ﱠﻻِإ ِﻪِﺒْﻠَﻗ ْﻦِﻣ ًﺎﻗْﺪِﺻ ُﻪُﻟﻮُﺳَرو
َلﺎﻗ :
؟ اوﺮﺸﺒﺘﺴﻴﻓ َسﺎﱠﻨﻟا ﺎﻬِﺑ ُﺮِﺒْﺧُأ َﻼَﻓَأ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر ﺎَﻳ
لﺎﻗ :
اﻮُﻠﻜﱠﺘَﻳ ًاذِإ
ًﺎﻤﱡﺛَﺄَﺗ ِﻪِﺗْﻮَﻣ ﺪْﻨِﻋ ٌذﺎـَﻌُﻣ ﺎﻬﺑ َﺮﺒْﺧَﺄَﻓ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ﻪﻟﻮﻗو :
» ًﺎﻤﺛَﺄَﺗ
ِﻢْﻠِﻌﻟا اﺬه ِﻢْﺘَآ ﻲﻓ ِﻢﺛِﻹا َﻦِﻣ ًﺎﻓْﻮَﺧ
Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Mu`adh bin Jabal was riding on the beast with the
Prophet (PBUH), when he (PBUH) said to him,
"O Mu`adh!''
Mu`adh replied, "Here I am responding to you, and at
your pleasure, O Messenger of Allah.'' He (PBUH) again called out,
"O Mu`adh
.'' He (again) replied, "Here I am
responding your call, and at your pleasure.'' He (Messenger of Allah) addressed him (again),
"O Mu`adh!
'' He
replied, "Here I am responding to you, and at your pleasure, O Messenger of Allah.'' Upon this he (the Prophet
(PBUH)) said,
"If anyone testifies sincerely that there is no true god except Allah, and Muhammad is His slave and
Messenger, truly from his heart, Allah will safeguard him from Hell.''
He (Mu`adh) said, "O Messenger of Allah,
shall I not then inform people of it, so that they may have glad tidings.'' He (PBUH) replied,
"Then they will rely on
it alone
(and thus give up good works altogether).'' Mu`adh (May Allah be pleased with him) disclosed this Hadith at
the time of his death, to avoid sinning for concealing.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Imam At-Taibi says that the honesty of heart means firmness of faith and arrangement of actions
which will provide evidence of Tauhid and Risalah (Oneness of Allah and the Prophethood of Muhammad
(PBUH)). Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar states that Imam At-Taibi has made this elaboration to remove the ambiguity which
arises from the wording of the Hadith because it is generally held by Ahadith that one who bears witness to Tauhid
and Risalah will not go to Hell, while Ahlus-Sunnah hold that it stands proved by concrete arguments that sinful
Muslims will be consigned to Hell and then brought out from it by intercession. It shows that for the determination
of real meanings of this Hadith we shall have to keep in view other related arguments as well. These meanings are
riveted with good deeds. In other words, one who bears witness to Tauhid and Risalah and fulfills Islamic
injunctions and obligations and requirements of Faith and fear of Allah, will not be consigned to Hell. Some
scholars are of the opinion that this Hadith refers to such people who truly repented and renounced Kufr and Shirk
and wholeheartedly professed Tauhid and Risalah but died soon after that and thus did not get an opportunity to do
good deeds. Such people will certainly go to Jannah.
This Hadith leads to the conclusion that ordinary people should not be told things the true meanings of which they
find difficult to grasp and accomplish evil deeds relying on such glad tidings.