Page 209 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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with her.
Here, this Hadith has been reproduced to furnish justification for weeping on the departure of
virtuous people because their presence is a source of many blessings. With their departure from this world, people
are deprived of many graces. Pious people are certainly very much grieved on their death.
لﺎﻗ ، ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ﺮَﻤَﻋ ﻦﺑا ﻦﻋو
ُﻪَﻟ َﻞﻴﻗ ُﻪُﻌَﺟَو ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِلﻮُﺳَﺮِﺑ ﱠﺪَﺘْﺷا ﺎﱠﻤَﻟ
لﺎﻘﻓ ِةَﻼﱠﺼﻟا ﻲﻓ
ِسﺎﱠﻨﻟﺎﺑ ﱢﻞَﺼُﻴْﻠَﻓ ِﺮْﻜَﺑ ﺎﺑَأ اوُﺮُﻣ
ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، ُﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ْﺖﻟﺎﻘﻓ
ﻗَر ٌﻞُﺟَر ٍﺮْﻜَﺑ ﺎَﺑَأ ﱠنِإ
ُءﺎﻜُﺒﻟا ُﻪَﺒَﻠَﻏ َنﺁﺮُﻘﻟا َأَﺮَﻗ اذِإ
« لﺎﻘﻓ :
ﱢﻞَﺼُﻴْﻠَﻓ ُﻩوُﺮُﻣ
ْﺖَﻟﺎﻗ ، ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، َﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ﻦﻋ ﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ُﺖﻠﻗ :
ِءﺎَﻜُﺒﻟا َﻦِﻣ سﺎﱠﻨﻟا ﻊﻤْﺴُﻳ ﻢَﻟ َﻚَﻣﺎﻘﻣ َمﺎَﻗ اذِإ ٍﺮْﻜَﺑ ﺎﺑَأ ﱠنِإ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: When the illness of Messenger of Allah (PBUH)
became serious, he was asked about the leading of Salat and he said,
"Ask Abu Bakr to lead Salat.''
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said; "Abu Bakr is very tender hearted. He is bound to be overcome by
weeping when he recites the Qur'an.'' Messenger of Allah (PBUH) repeated,
"Ask him (Abu Bakr) to lead Salat".
In another narration: `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said:
"When Abu Bakr stands in your place, he will
not be able to recite the Noble Qur'an to the people on account of weeping.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
1. This Hadith brings into prominence the distinction of Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (May Allah be pleased with him). It
was because of this distinction that the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) selected him as Khalifah
the death of the Prophet (PBUH). On this occasion, `Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) said,
"Should we not
like him for our (worldly life) political leadership when the Prophet (PBUH) had chosen him for our Deen".
2. The justification for weeping at the time of the recitation of the Noble Qur'an. This was a special virtue of Abu
Bakr As-Siddiq (May Allah be pleased with him) which was a mark of his perfect Faith.
َنﺎآو ٍمﺎﻌَﻄﺑ َﻲِﺗُأ ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿَر ، ٍفْﻮَﻋ َﻦﺑ ِﻦﻤﺣﱠﺮﻟا َﺪﺒﻋ ﱠنَأ ٍفﻮﻋ ِﻦﺑ ِﻦﻤﺣﱠﺮﻟا ِﺪﺒﻋ ِﻦﺑ َﻢﻴهاﺮﺑِإ ﻦﻋو
َلﺎﻘﻓ ، ًﺎﻤﺋﺎﺻ
َدْﺮُﺑ ﱠﻻِإ ِﻪﻴﻓ ُﻦﱠﻔَﻜُﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻪَﻟ ْﺪَﺟﻮُﻳ ْﻢَﻠَﻓ ، ﻲﱢﻨِﻣ ٌﺮْﻴَﺧ َﻮُهو ، ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ، ٍﺮﻴَﻤُﻋ ُﻦﺑ ُﺐَﻌْﺼُﻣ َﻞِﺘُﻗ
ُﺑ ﺎﻣ ﺎَﻴْﻧﱡﺪﻟا َﻦِﻣ ﺎَﻨَﻟ َﻂِﺴُﺑ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ُﻪُﺳْأر اَﺪَﺑ ﻩﻼْﺟِر ﺎﻬﺑ َﻲﱢﻄُﻏ ْنِإو ، ﻩُﻼْﺟِر ْتَﺪَﺑ ُﻪُﺳْأَر ﺎﻬِﺑ ﻲﱢﻄُﻏ ْنِإ
َلﺎﻗ ْوَأ َﻂِﺴ
ﺎﻨَﻟ ْﺖَﻠﱢﺠُﻋ ﺎﻨُﺗﺎَﻨَﺴَﺣ َنﻮُﻜَﺗ ْنَأ ﺎَﻨﻴِﺸَﺧ ْﺪَﻗ ﺎَﻨﻴِﻄْﻋُأ ﺎَﻣ ﺎﻴْﻧﱡﺪﻟا َﻦِﻣ ﺎَﻨﻴِﻄْﻋُأ
َﻞَﻌَﺟ ﱠﻢُﺛ
َمﺎﻌﱠﻄﻟا َكَﺮَﺗ ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ ﻲﻜْﺒﻳ
Ibrahim bin `Abdur-Rahman bin `Auf reported: Food was brought to `Abdur-Rahman bin `Auf (May Allah be
pleased with him) when he was observing Saum (fast) and he said:
"Mus`ab bin `Umair (May Allah be pleased with
him) was martyred and he was better than me, but only one sheet was available to shroud him. It was so small that
when his head was covered; his feet remained uncovered and if his feet were covered, his head remained uncovered.
Then the bounties of this world have been bestowed upon us generously. I am afraid that the reward of our good
deeds have been awarded to us in this world.'' On this he began to sob and left the food untouched.
This Hadith tells us about the hospitality of the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) and the respect
they had for each other.
Abdur-Rahman bin `Auf (May Allah be pleased with him) was one of the figures of `Al-Ashratul-Mubash-sharun bil
Jannah (the ten Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) who were given the glad tidings of entering Jannah during their
lifetime). For this reason, he is superior to Mus`ab bin `Umair (May Allah be pleased with him), but he
acknowledged him superior on the consideration of his martyrdom and poverty through which he had passed. He
holds Mus`ab bin `Umair (May Allah be pleased with him) better on the grounds that he had confronted the infidels
in extremely difficult circumstances and sacrificed his life for the sake of Allah.
The second point which this Hadith brings out is the fear which Abdur-Rahman bin `Auf (May Allah be pleased
with him) felt at the abundance of wealth and property, although he used to spend his wealth and riches in the way
of Allah and Jihad. Today, the only purpose of our wealth is that we waste it either on foolish customs and
ceremonies of marriage or construction of buildings and their decoration. It was this abundance of wealth of which
the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) were afraid. The Prophet (PBUH) had himself expressed great anxiety over
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ، ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ، ﱢﻲﻠِهﺎﺒﻟا َنﻼﺠَﻋ ِﻦْﺑ ﱢيَﺪُﺻ ﺔﻣﺎﻣُأ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
ﻦﻴَﺗَﺮْﻄَﻗ ﻦﻣ ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻰﻟِإ ﱠﺐَﺣَأ ٌءﻲَﺷ َﺲْﻴَﻟ
ﻲﻓ ُقاَﺮﻬُﺗ ٍمَد ُةَﺮﻄَﻗَو ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﺔَﻴﺸَﺧ ﻦﻣ ٍعﻮُﻣُد ُةَﺮْﻄَﻗ