Page 217 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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"If a person does not beg Him
, He is displeased, while if one begs someone He becomes furious".
َلﺎﻗ ، ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ، ٍﺮﻴﺸَﺑ ِﻦﺑ ِنﺎَﻤْﻌﱡﻨﻟا ﻦﻋو
بﺎﺻأ ﺎﻣ ، ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، بﺎﱠﻄَﺨﻟا ُﻦْﺑ ُﺮَﻤُﻋ ﺮَآَذ
لﺎﻘﻓ ، ﺎَﻴْﻧﱡﺪﻟا َﻦِﻣ ُسﺎﱠﻨﻟا
ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ُﺖْﻳَأَر ْﺪَﻘَﻟ
ﺎﻣ ﻞَﻗﱠﺪﻟا َﻦِﻣ ُﺪِﺠَﻳ ﺎﻣ يﻮَﺘْﻠَﻳ َمْﻮَﻴْﻟا ﱡﻞَﻈَﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو
ُﻪَﻨْﻄﺑ ِﻪِﺑ ُﻸْﻤﻳ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
فﺎﻘﻟاو ﺔﻠﻤﻬﻤﻟا لاﺪﻟا ﺢﺘﻔﺑ
ِﺮْﻤﱠﺘﻟا ُئِدَر
An-Nu`man bin Bashir (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: `Umar bin Al-Khattab (May Allah be
pleased with him) spoke at length regarding the worldly prosperity that people had achieved and said:
"I saw that the
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) would pass his days in hunger and could not get even degraded dates to fill his
During the reign of `Umar (May Allah be pleased with him), when people became more prosperous
on account of frequent victories, he asked them to remember the early period of Islam in which they were poor and
faced very difficult circumstances, to the extent that even the Prophet (PBUH) was placed in the situation mentioned
in this Hadith. The purpose of mentioning it was to warn the people against the evils of abundance of wealth and
luxuries. They were exhorted to beware of the love of the world which could make them forget about Al-akhirah
ﺖﻟﺎﻗ ، ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، َﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ﻦﻋو
ْﻦِﻣ ﻲﺘْﻴَﺑ ﻲﻓ ﺎﻣو ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر َﻲﱢﻓﻮُﺗ
َﻲِﻨَﻔَﻓ ُﻪُﺘْﻠِﻜَﻓ ، ﱠﻲَﻠﻋ لﺎَﻃ ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ ُﻪْﻨِﻣ ُﺖْﻠَآَﺄَﻓ ، ﻲﻟ ﱟفَر ﻲﻓ ٍﺮﻴﻌَﺷ ُﺮْﻄَﺷ ﱠﻻِإ ٍﺪِﺒَآ وُذ ُﻪُﻠُآْﺄَﻳ ٍءْﻲَﺷ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
َﺷ ٍﺮﻴﻌَﺷ ُﺮْﻄ «
ٍﺮﻴﻌَﺷ ْﻦِﻣ ءْﻲَﺷ يَأ
ﱡيﺬﻣﺮﱢﺘﻟا ُﻩﺮﱠﺴﻓ اﺬَآ
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported:
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) died when my house was void
of any edible thing except for a small quantity of barley I had on a shelf and from which I kept eating it for a long
time. Then when I measured what was left of it, it soon finished.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
During the last days of the Prophet (PBUH) the financial position of the Muslims had largely
improved due to the spoils of war and he could have lived a comfortable life if he liked, but he stuck to the same
austere life which he had led earlier. In this Hadith, `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) has related an account
of the extremely austere and pious life of the Prophet (PBUH) although her house was the house of his most beloved
This Hadith also tells us that in spite of his profound love for `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with him), the Prophet
(PBUH) did not accord her any preferential treatment. He treated all his wives equally. Thus, this Hadith has a
lesson for `Ulama' and their families that they should not look towards worldly riches and the amenities enjoyed by
them but keep in view the life of the Prophet (PBUH) and his wives and learn to keep themselves contented with
minimum income.
لﺎﻗ ، ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، َﻦﻴِﻨِﻣْﺆُﻤﻟا ﱢمُأ ِثرﺎَﺤﻟا ِﺖْﻨﺑ ﺔﻳِﺮْﻳَﻮُﺟ ﻲﺧَأ ثِرﺎﺤﻟا ِﻦﺑ ﺮﻤﻋ ﻦﻋو
َكَﺮَﺗ ﺎَﻣ
، ًاﺪْﺒَﻋ ﻻو ، ًﺎﻤَهْرِد ﻻَو ًارﺎَﻨﻳِد ِﻪِﺗْﻮَﻣ َﺪْﻨِﻋ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر
ُﻪَﺘَﻠْﻐَﺑ ﱠﻻِإ ًﺎﺌْﻴَﺷ ﻻَو ، ًﺔَﻣَأ ﻻَو
ًﺔَﻗَﺪَﺻ ِﻞِﻴﺒﱠﺴﻟا ِﻦْﺑﻻ ﺎَﻬَﻠَﻌَﺟ ًﺎﺿْرَأَو ، ُﻪَﺣﻼِﺳَو ، ﺎَﻬُﺒَآْﺮَﻳ نﺎَآ ﻲﺘﱠﻟا َءﺎَﻀْﻴَﺒْﻟا
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
`Amr bin Al-Harith (May Allah be pleased with him) the brother of Juwairiyah (May Allah be pleased with
her), the Mother of believers) reported:
(When he died) Messenger of Allah (PBUH) left neither a dinar nor a
dirham nor a male slave nor a female slave, nor anything else except his white riding mule, his weapons and his land
which he had given in charity to wayfarers.
Banu Al-Mustaliq Battle took place in the year 5 A.H. Men and women who were made captives in
it, included Jawairiyah, and she came to the share of the Prophet (PBUH). She embraced Islam and the Prophet
(PBUH) married her. When the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) learnt about it they released all the prisoners of
Banu Mustaliq, who were about one hundred, in consideration of their being in-laws of the Noble Prophet (PBUH).
Weapons here means lance and sword while land signifies that portion of land which the Prophet (PBUH) had got as
his share from Fadak, and Khaibar and Al-Qura Valley, etc. He gave it in Sadaqah saying that he was from the class
of the Prophets of Allah who have no descendants. Whatever is left by them is Sadaqah
. At the time of his
death, the Prophet (PBUH) did not have any male or female slave whom he had not set free.