Page 236 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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pleasant and sweet. He who acquires it with self-contentment, it becomes a source of blessing for him; but it is not
blessed for him who seeks it out of greed. He is like one who goes on eating but his hunger is not satisfied. The
upper hand is better than the lower one.
'' I said to him, "O Messenger of Allah, by Him Who sent you with the Truth
I will not, after you, ask anyone for anything till I leave this world.'' So Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him)
would summon Hakim (May Allah be pleased with him) to give his rations, but he would refuse. Then 'Umar (May
Allah be pleased with him) would call him but he would decline to accept anything. So 'Umar (May Allah be
pleased with him) said addressing Muslims: "O Muslims, I ask you to bear testimony that I offer Hakim his share of
the booty that Allah has assigned for him but he refuses my offer.'' Thus Hakim did not accept anything from anyone
after the death of Messenger of Allah (PBUH), till he died.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Man constantly remains engaged in hoarding wealth and there comes no point of termination to this
process. Rather, the more he gets it, the more he is overpowered by lust for it till he is carried to the grave. If man
gets wealth in a dignified way without being crazy for it, ethics certainly allows him to do so.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪّﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﱢيﺮَﻌﺷﻷا ﻰﺳﻮﻣ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋ َةَدﺮُﺑ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮُﺳَر َﻊَﻣ ﺎَﻨْﺟَﺮَﺧ
ْﺖَﻄَﻘَﺳَو ، ﻲِﻣَﺪَﻗ ْﺖَﺒِﻘَﻧَو ، ﺎﻨُﻣاﺪﻗَأ ْﺖﺒِﻘَﻨَﻓ ، ُﻪﺒِﻘَﺘْﻌَﻧ ﺮﻴِﻌَﺑ ﺎَﻨَﻨْﻴﺑ ٍﺮَﻔَﻧ ُﺔﱠﺘِﺳ ﻦْﺤﻧو ، ٍةَوﺰَﻏ ﻲﻓ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو
ﱠﻨُﻜَﻓ ، يرﺎﻔْﻇَأ
ﻮﺑَأ َلﺎﻗ ، َقَﺮِﺨﻟا ﺎَﻨِﻠُﺟْرَأ ﻰﻠَﻋ ُﺐِﺼْﻌَﻧ ﺎﱠﻨُآ ﺎﻤِﻟ ِعﺎﻗﱢﺮﻟا ِتاَذ َةَوﺰَﻏ ﺖﻴﻤُﺴَﻓ ، َقَﺮِﺨﻟا ﺎﻨِﻠُﺟْرَأ ﻰﻠَﻋ ﱡﻒُﻠَﻧ
َلﺎﻗو ،َﻚﻟذ َﻩِﺮَآ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ِﺚﻳِﺪَﺤﻟا اﺬَﻬِﺑ ﻰَﺳﻮُﻣ ﻮﺑَأ َثﱠﺪَﺤَﻓ
َلﺎﻗ ، ُﻩﺮُآْذَأ ْنَﺄِﺑ ُﻊَﻨْﺻَأ ُﺖْﻨآ ﺎﻣ
: َﺄَآ
َنﻮُﻜَﻳ ْنَأ َﻩِﺮَآ ُﻪﱠﻧ
ُﻩﺎﺸْﻓَأ ِﻪِﻠَﻤَﻋ ْﻦِﻣ ًﺎﺌْﻴَﺷ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Burdah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari (May Allah be pleased with him)
"Six of us accompanied Messenger of Allah (PBUH) in an expedition. We had one camel with us; we rode it in
turn. Our feet got injured and my nails also fell out. We wrapped up our feet in rags; and because of this the
campaign came to be known as Dhat-ur-Riqa` (the Campaign of Rags).
'' Abu Burdah (May Allah be pleased with
him) says:
Abu Musa reported this Hadith but regretted having done so
. He said,
"Would that I had not mentioned
!'' He said so because he disliked to disclose anything concerning his deeds.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith also throws light on the ascetic and insightful life of the Companions and their
submission to the Divine will. Moreover, we are told that it is advisable not to disclose virtuous deeds in order to
avoid committing the sin of showing off.
ﻔﺑ ﺐِﻠْﻐَﺗ ﻦﺑ وﺮﻤﻋ ﻦﻋو
ﱠنَأ ، ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪّﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر مﻼﱠﻟا ﺮﺴآو ﺔﻤﺠﻌﻤﻟا ﻦﻴﻐﻟا نﺎﻜﺳِإو َقﻮﻓ ِةﺎﻨﺜﻤﻟا ِءﺎﺘﻟا ﺢﺘ
ُﻪَﻐَﻠَﺒَﻓ ، ًﻻﺎﺟِر َكَﺮَﺗو ، ًﻻﺎﺟر ﻰَﻄْﻋَﺄَﻓ ، ُﻪﻤﱠﺴﻘَﻓ ﻲﺒﺳ ْوَأ ٍلﺎﻤﺑ َﻲِﺗُأ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر
َﻦﻳِﺬﱠﻟا ﱠنَأ
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﺪِﻤَﺤَﻓ ، اﻮُﺒﺘَﻋ َكَﺮَﺗ
لﺎﻗ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ِﻪﻴَﻠَﻋ ﻰَﻨْﺛَأ ﱠﻢُﺛ ،
يِﺬﱠﻟاو ، َﻞُﺟﱠﺮﻟا ُعَدَأَو َﻞُﺟﱠﺮﻟا ﻲِﻄْﻋُﻷ ﻲﱢﻧِإ ﻪﱠﻠﻟاَﻮَﻓ ، ُﺪﻌَﺑ ﺎَﻣَأ
َﻠَﻬﻟاو ِعﺰَﺠﻟا ﻦِﻣ ْﻢِﻬِﺑﻮُﻠُﻗ ﻲﻓ ىرَأ ﺎﻤِﻟ ًﺎﻣاَﻮﻗَأ ﻲِﻄْﻋُأ ﺎَﻤﱠﻧِإ ﻲﱢﻨِﻜﻟَو ، ﻲِﻄْﻋُأ يِﺬﱠﻟا َﻦِﻣ ﱠﻲﻟإ ﱡﺐَﺣَأ ُعَدَأ
ِآَأَو ، ِﻊ ُﻞ
َﺐِﻠﻐَﺗ ُﻦﺑ ُوﺮْﻤَﻋ ْﻢُﻬْﻨِﻣ ، ِﺮْﻴَﺨﻟاو ﻲﻨِﻐﻟا َﻦِﻣ ْﻢِﻬِﺑﻮُﻠُﻗ ﻲﻓ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻞَﻌﺟ ﺎﻣ ﻰﻟِإ ًﺎﻣاﻮْﻗَأ
َﺐِﻠْﻐَﺗ ُﻦﺑ وُﺮﻤﻋ لﺎﻗ
ِﻢَﻌﱠﻨﻟا َﺮْﻤُﺣ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِلﻮُﺳَر ِﺔﻤِﻠﻜِﺑ ﻲﻟ نَأ ﱡﺐِﺣُأ ﺎﻣ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
ﻞﻴِﻗو ، ِعَﺰَﺠﻟا ﱡﺪَﺷَأ ﻮُه
`Amr bin Taghlib (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Some booty or prisoners of war were brought to
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and he distributed them, giving some men and neglecting others. Then, he was
informed that those whom he had not given a thing were displeased. On this the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) praised
Allah and glorified Him and said,
"It is a fact that I give to one and overlook another. The one I ignore is dearer to
me than the one I give. I give to those in whose hearts I perceive anxiety; others I leave with the richness and
contentment that Allah has put in their hearts. One of them is `Amr bin Taghlib.
'' Upon this `Amr bin Taghlib said,
"By Allah I shall not accept a herd of red camels in exchange for what the Prophet said (about me).''
Whatever voluntary gifts or the spoils of war were brought to Messenger of Allah (PBUH), he
divided them out to the Companions. In distribution, he weighed different considerations in his mind and the
beneficiaries were categorized into three groups: the needy, the deserving cases and those whose hearts were to be
won over. His primary concern, however, was to make donations to only those people about whom he had
apprehensions that, if ignored, they would display impatience and weakness. In this way the reliable and contented
type of men were intentionally ignored. The superiority of `Amr bin Taghlib (May Allah be pleased with him) is
determined by the fact that the Prophet (PBUH) counted him among the latter, and he rightly took it as a great
honour for him. Hence, we conclude that a ruler enjoys powers of expediency with regard to doling out from the
public treasury. Yet, he is supposed to carry into practice what is implied by piety, integrity and trustworthiness. He
must not be subordinate to self interests.