Page 245 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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. `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`as (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: the Messenger of Allah (PBUH)
"There are forty kinds of virtue, the highest of which is to gift a (milch) she goat. He who practises any of these
virtues, expecting its reward (from Allah) and believing on the verity of the promise made for it, will enter Jannah.''
The Hadith speaks of the returnable gift of a mammal like a goat or she-camel which should be
gifted to somebody for the provision of milk or wool. It is also a benevolent act and good trait of character. The
forty qualities of character, as mentioned in this Hadith, have been enumerated by some `Ulama' in their own
respective ways. But Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani says that the Prophet (PBUH) did not name these qualities, and
that perhaps the reason behind this is that no one should disparage or underestimate a good act, no matter how small
it may be, because this could lead to doing without this good act altogether.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َنﻼْﺠَﻋ ِﻦﺑ ﱢيَﺪُﺻ َﺔَﻣﺎَﻣُأ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر لﺎﻗ
» َﻦْﺑا ﺎﻳ
ُﻌَﺗ ْﻦَﻤِﺑ ْأﺪْﺑاَو ،ٍفﺎَﻔَآ ﻰﻠَﻋ ُمﻼُﺗ ﻻَو ، َﻚَﻟ ﱞﺮَﺷ ُﻪَﻜِﺴْﻤُﺗ نِإو ، َﻚَﻟ ٌﺮﻴَﺧ َﻞْﻀَﻔﻟا َلُﺬْﺒَﺗ نِإ َﻚﱠﻧِإ َمَدﺁ
او ، ُلﻮ
ﺎَﻴﻠُﻌﻟا ُﺪَﻴﻟ
ﻰَﻠْﻔﱡﺴﻟا ِﺪَﻴﻟا َﻦِﻣ ٌﺮْﻴَﺧ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Abu Umamah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"O son of Adam, if
you spend the surplus, it will be better for you; and if you retain it, it will be bad for you. You will not be
reprimanded for keeping what is enough for your need. Begin with those who are your dependents, and the upper
hand (i.e., the one that spends in the way of Allah) is better than the lower hand (i.e., the one that receives charity.)''
A similar Hadith reported by At-Tirmidhi has already been mentioned. Read the commentary on
(Hadith No. 510).
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍﺲﻧَأ ﻦﻋو
ﻩﺎﻄْﻋَأ ﻻِإ ًﺎﺌﻴَﺷ ِمﻼْﺳِﻹا ﻰَﻠَﻋ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر َﻞِﺌُﺳ ﺎﻣ
َلﺎَﻘَﻓ ِﻪِﻣﻮَﻗ ﻰﻟِإ َﻊَﺟَﺮَﻓ ، ِﻦﻴَﻠَﺒَﺟ َﻦﻴَﺑ ًﺎﻤَﻨَﻏ ﻩﺎَﻄﻋَﺄَﻓ ٌﻞُﺟَر ﻩَءﺎَﺟ َﺪَﻘَﻟَو ،
ًاﺪﻤَﺤُﻣ ﱠنِﺈَﻓ اﻮُﻤِﻠْﺳَأ ِمْﻮَﻗ ﺎَﻳ
َءﺎَﻄَﻋ ﻲِﻄْﻌُﻳ
َﺣ ًاﺮﻴِﺴَﻳ ﱠﻻِإ ُﺚَﺒْﻠَﻳ ﺎَﻤَﻓ ، ﺎَﻴْﻧﱡﺪﻟا ﱠﻻِإ ُﺪﻳِﺮُﻳ ﺎَﻣ ُﻢِﻠْﺴُﻴَﻟ ُﻞُﺟﱠﺮﻟا َنﺎَآ ْنِإَو ، َﺮْﻘَﻔﻟا ﻰَﺸْﺨَﻳ ﻻ ْﻦَﻣ
ﱠﺐَﺣَأ ُمﻼْﺳِﻹا َنﻮُﻜَﻳ ﻰﱠﺘ
ﺎَﻬْﻴَﻠَﻋ ﺎَﻣَو ﺎَﻴْﻧﱡﺪﻟا َﻦﻣ ﻪﻴَﻟِإ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Whenever the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was asked a thing
by one who is about to accept Islam but he would give it. A man came to the Prophet (PBUH) and he gave him a
herd of sheep scattered between two mountains. When he returned to his people, he said to them:
"O my people!
Embrace Islam because Muhammad gives like one who has no fear of poverty.
'' Some people would embrace Islam
only for worldly gains, but soon Islam becomes dearer to them than the world with all what it contains.
In this Hadith, there is a provision of giving economic aid to converts to win over their hearts so that
their loyalty to Islam is firmly established. The result of this sensible policy was that if somebody had embraced
Islam for the sake of gaining material gains, this sentiment, in due course of time, would be stripped off from his
heart, and finally he would turn into a sincere Muslim. In view of its rationale, Allah has termed the policy of
reconciling hearts, to Islam as a Zakat expenditure. In other words, an allocated sum of the Zakat fund can be
expended on this head as well. Some scholars argue that it is now no more permissible to spend on this head. But to
be accurate, expending out of the Zakat fund on this head is valid for all times. If a measure is adequately taken on
an institutional basis to make the hearts of converts incline to Islam, we can witness its benefits even today.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر َﺮَﻤُﻋ ﻦﻋو
ُﺖﻠُﻘَﻓ ، ًﺎﻤْﺴَﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر َﻢَﺴَﻗ
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﺎﻳ
لﺎﻗ ؟ ﻢُﻬْﻨِﻣ ِﻪﺑ ﱠﻖَﺣَأ اﻮُﻧﺎَآ ِءَﻻُﺆَه ُﺮْﻴَﻐَﻟ
، ﻲﻧﻮُﻠﱢﺨَﺒُﻳ ْوَأ ﻢﻬَﻴﻄْﻋُﺄَﻓ ِﺶﺤُﻔْﻟﺎﺑ ﻲﻧﻮُﻟَﺄﺴَﻳ نَأ ﻲﻧوُﺮﱠﻴَﺧ ْﻢُﻬﱠﻧِإ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
`Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) distributed some wealth and I
said to him, "O Messenger of Allah! Do you not think that there are other people who are more deserving than these
whom you gave.'' He (PBUH) said,
"They had, in fact, left no alternative for me except either they should beg of me
importunately or they would regard me as a miser; but I am not a miser.''
Here also, we hear about the same converts who were still ignorant of Islam and the status of
Prophethood. Owing to this ignorance and weak faith, they could adopt such attitude as would have been
inappropriate or would have caused lack of courtesy towards the Prophet (PBUH). This brought him to giving
preference to them with regard to the distribution of offerings so as to guard them against the sway of the weakness
referred to. This reflects the Prophet's generosity and his accommodating sense as well as the care which he took to