Page 248 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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much as to cover his fingertips and toes. When the miser intends to spend something the armour contracts and every
ring of it sticks to the place where it is (sinks into his flesh). He tries to loosen it but it does not expand.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
The Hadith metaphorically highlights the significance of giving in charity, saying it covers up a
man's sins in such way as a full coat of mail, reaching his feet, conceals his whole body. Aside from it, there is a
good news for the almsgiver that his wealth will receive Divine blessing and he will be safe from trials and
tribulations. Whereas a miser faces a warning that his sins and defects will be made known to people and not
concealed from them, and he will remain the target of miseries. We are further told that when a generous man
intends to give charity, his chest expands for it and he happily gives vent to his generosity. On the other hand, when
a niggardly man intends to spend money in charity, his chest contracts and he withholds his giving hand. To
conclude, this Hadith brings good news to generous people, and a warning to misers.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
ُﻞَﺒْﻘَﻳ ﻻو ، ٍﺐﱢﻴَﻃ ٍﺐْﺴَآ ْﻦِﻣ ٍةَﺮْﻤَﺗ ِلْﺪِﻌِﺑ َقﱠﺪَﺼَﺗ ْﻦَﻣ
ْﻢُآُﺪَﺣَأ ﻲﱢﺑَﺮُﻳ ﺎَﻤَآ ، ﺎﻬَﺒِﺣﺎَﺼِﻟ ﺎﻬﻴﱢﺑَﺮُﻳ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ِﻪِﻨﻴِﻤَﻴِﺑ ﺎَﻬُﻠَﺒْﻘﻳ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠنِﺈَﻓ َﺐﱢﻴﱠﻄﻟا ﱠﻻِإ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا
ِﻞﺒَﺠﻟا َﻞْﺜِﻣ َنﻮُﻜَﺗ ﻰﺘﺣ ُﻩﱠﻮُﻠَﻓ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ًﺎﻀﻳَأ لﺎﻘﻳو ، واﻮﻟا ﺪﻳﺪﺸﺗو مﻼﻟا ﻢﺿو ِءﺎﻔﻟا ِﺢﺘﻔﺑ
واﻮﻟا ﻒﻴﻔﺨﺗو مﻼﻟا نﺎﻜﺳِإو ِءﺎﻔﻟا ﺮﺴﻜﺑ
ُﺮْﻬُﻤﻟا ﻮهو
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"He who gives in
charity the value of a date which he legally earned, and Allah accepts only that which is pure, Allah accepts it with
His Right Hand and fosters it for him, as one of you fosters his mare, until it becomes like a mountain.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Here is an Attribute of Allah, His Hand, has been mentioned. We are supposed to believe in it
without interpretation or comparison; that is to say that Allah has Hands as befit His Glory. We cannot compare his
essential attributes to anything, nor can we describe them.
It is evident from this Hadith that Allah increases the reward of charity which is given from lawfully-earned money
until it becomes like a mountain in greatness.
ْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ﻪﻨﻋو
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪ
ﻲﻓ ًﺎﺗﻮَﺻ َﻊِﻤَﺴَﻓ ، ضرَﻷا ﻦِﻣ ٍةﻼَﻔِﺑ ﻲِﺸﻤَﻳ ٌﻞُﺟَر ﺎﻤَﻨْﻴﺑ
ٍﺔَﺑﺎَﺤَﺳ :
ِﺪَﻗ ِجاﺮﱢﺸﻟا َﻚْﻠِﺗ ﻦﻣ ﺔﺟﺮﺷ اذِﺈﻓ ، ٍةﱠﺮَﺣ ﻲﻓ ُﻩَءﺎَﻣ َغَﺮْﻓَﺄَﻓ ُبﺎَﺤﱠﺴﻟا َﻚﻟذ ﻰﱠﺤَﻨَﺘَﻓ ، ٍنﻼُﻓ َﺔَﻘﻳِﺪَﺣ ِﻖﺳا
َﻊﱠﺒَﺘَﺘَﻓ ُﻪﱠﻠُآ َءﺎﻤﻟا َﻚِﻟذ ْﺖَﺒَﻋﻮَﺘْﺳا
ﻪﻟ لﺎﻘﻓ ، ِﻪِﺗﺎَﺤﺴِﻤﺑ َءﺎَﻤﻟا ُلﱢﻮَﺤُﻳ ِﻪِﺘَﻘﻳِﺪَﺣ ﻲﻓ ٌﻢِﺋﺎَﻗ ٌﻞُﺟَر اذِﺈﻓ ، َءﺎﻤﻟا
َﺪْﺒَﻋ ﺎﻳ
لﺎﻗ َﻚُﻤْﺳا ﺎﻣ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا
ﻪﻟ لﺎﻘﻓ ، ِﺔَﺑﺎَﺤﱠﺴﻟا ﻲﻓ َﻊِﻤَﺳ يِﺬﱠﻟا ِﻢْﺳﻼﻟ ،ٌنﻼُﻓ
لﺎَﻘَﻓ ؟ ﻲِﻤْﺳا ِﻦَﻋ ﻲِﻨُﻟَﺄْﺴَﺗ َﻢِﻟ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﺪْﺒَﻋ ﺎَﻳ
َﺻ ُﺖْﻌِﻤَﺳ ﻲﻧإ
ُلﻮُﻘﻳ ُﻩُؤﺎَﻣ اَﺬه يﺬﻟا ِبﺎَﺤﱠﺴﻟا ﻲﻓ ًﺎﺗﻮ
لﺎﻘﻓ ؟ ﺎﻬﻴِﻓ ُﻊَﻨْﺼَﺗ ﺎﻤﻓ ، َﻚِﻤﺳﻹ ٍنﻼُﻓ َﺔَﻘﻳِﺪَﺣ ِﻖﺳا
رَأو ، ًﺎﺜُﻠُﺛ ﻲﻟﺎﻴِﻋو ﺎﻧَأ ُﻞُآﺁو ، ﻪِﺜُﻠُﺜﺑ ُقﱠﺪَﺼﱠﺗَﺄَﻓ ، ﺎﻬﻨِﻣ ُجُﺮْﺨَﻳ ﺎﻣ ﻰﻟِإ ُﺮُﻈْﻧَأ ﻲﻧﺈَﻓ ، اَﺬَه َﺖْﻠُﻗ ْذِإ ﺎﻣَأ
ُﻪَﺜﻠُﺛ ﺎﻬﻴِﻓ ﱡد
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ .
َءاَدﻮَﺳ ًةَرﺎَﺠِﺣ ُﺔَﺴَﺒْﻠُﻤﻟا ُ
ﻢﻴﺠﻟﺎﺑو ِءاﺮﻟا نﺎﻜﺳِإو ﺔﻤﺠﻌﻤﻟا ﻦﻴﺸﻟا ﺢﺘﻔﺑ
ِءﺎﻤﻟا ُﻞﻴِﺴﻣ َﻲِه
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"While a man was walking
through a barren land, he heard a voice coming out of a cloud saying: `Irrigate the garden of so-and-so.' Thereupon
the cloud drifted in a certain direction and discharged its water over a rocky plain. The streamlets flowed into a
channel. This man followed the channel until it reached a garden and he saw the owner of the garden standing in its
center, working with his spade spreading the water (changing the course of the water). He asked him: "O slave of
Allah, what is your name?'' He told his name, which was the same that he heard from the cloud. The owner of the
garden then asked him: "O slave of Allah, why did you ask my name?'' He replied: "I heard a voice from a cloud
which poured down this water saying: `Irrigate the garden of so-and-so.' I would like to know what do you do with
it.'' He said: "Now that you asked me, I will tell you. I estimate the produce of the garden and distribute one-third of
it in charity, I spend one-third on myself and my family and invest one-third back into the garden.''
This Hadith, besides the virtue of alms and charity, touches upon the theme of clairvoyance and
miracles. It is something supernormal that a man should hear a voice from the cloud. Yet such supernatural
phenomenon signify only the Omnipotence of Allah. Nobody is presumed to claim that he can demonstrate at will
something unusual by virtue of his clairvoyant and miraculous power. There are indeed some people who lay such a
claim and thereby swindle away the money of gullible souls and lead them astray.