Page 251 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Once we were on a journey with Messenger of
Allah (PBUH) when a rider came and began looking right and left. Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Whoever has
an extra mount should offer it to him who is without it, and whoever has surplus food should give it to him who has
nothing;'' and he continued mentioning other properties until we thought that none of us had any right to surplus of
his own property.
The mention of this Hadith in this chapter reveals that in their social life, particularly in a period of
crisis, the Muslims should adopt a co-operative, consolatory and sympathetic attitude towards one another, being
willing to give over their superfluous things to the needy Muslims. This commandment, however, is not of essential
and binding nature. If it were so, no Muslim could be in a position to amass wealth. This is simply desirable and
based on free will. If the common Muslims were possessed of generosity, this moral instruction would have been
practised by all and sundry with Muslim society being exemplary in terms of brotherhood and solidarity. Yet, the
lack of sublime morals has denuded this precept of its entire import and significance. Small wonder, in Muslim
communities there is a general deplorable trend of showing indifference to fellow-Muslims, instead of establishing a
worth-emulating example of co-operation and fellow-feeling.
ٍةدﺮُﺒِﺑ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﻰﻟِإ تَءﺎَﺟ ًةَأَﺮﻣا ﱠنَأ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍﺪﻌﺳ ِﻦﺑ ِﻞﻬَﺳ ﻦﻋو
ﺖﻟﺎﻘﻓ ، ٍﺔَﺟﻮُﺴﻨَﻣ
، ﺎَﻬَآَﻮُﺴْآﻷ ﱠيﺪَﻴِﺑ ﺎﻬُﺘﺠَﺴَﻧ
َﻟِإ َجَﺮَﺨَﻓ ، ﺎَﻬﻴَﻟِإ ًﺎﺟﺎَﺘﺤُﻣ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﺎَهَﺬَﺧَﺄَﻓ
لﺎﻘﻓ ، ُﻩُراَزﻹ ﺎَﻬﱠﻧِإَو
، ﺎﻬَﻨَﺴﺣَأ ﺎَﻣ ﺎَﻬﻴِﻨُﺴآا ٌنﻼُﻓ
َلﺎَﻘَﻓ :
» ْﻢَﻌَﻧ «
ﻲﻓ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﺲَﻠﺠَﻓ
ِﻪْﻴَﻟِإ ﺎَﻬِﺑ َﻞَﺳرَأ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ﺎَهاﻮَﻄَﻓ َﻊَﺟَر ﱠﻢُﺛ ،ِﺲِﻠﺠﻤﻟا
ُمْﻮَﻘﻟا ُﻪَﻟ َلﺎَﻘَﻓ
ﱠﻨﻟا ﺎَﻬَﺴِﺒَﻟ ،َﺖْﻨَﺴﺣَأ ﺎﻣ
ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲِﺒ
، ﺎﻬﻴَﻟِإ ًﺎﺟﺎَﺘْﺤُﻣ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو
َلﺎَﻘَﻓ ، ًﻼِﺋﺎَﺳ ﱡدُﺮَﻳ ﻻ ُﻪﱠﻧَأ ﺖﻤِﻠَﻋَو ، ُﻪَﺘﻟَﺄَﺳ ﱠﻢُﺛ
ُﻪُﺘْﻟَﺄَﺳ ﺎَﻤﱠﻧِإ ، ﺎﻬَﺴَﺒْﻟﻷ ُﻪُﺘْﻟَﺄَﺳ ﺎﻣ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟاَو ﻲﻧإ
ﻲِﻨَﻔَآ َنﻮُﻜﺘِﻟ
ٌﻞْﻬَﺳ لﺎﻗ
ُﻪَﻨَﻔَآ ﺖﻧﺎﻜَﻓ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
Sahl bin Sa`d (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A woman brought a woven piece of cloth to
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and said to him: "I have woven this sheet with my own hands for you to wear.'' He
accepted it as he was in need of it. He later came out wearing it as a lower garment. Someone said: "How nice it is!
Kindly give it to me
'' Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Very well.
'' He remained in our company for some time,
then he went back, folded it and sent it to the man. The people said (to that man): "You did not do well. Messenger
of Allah (PBUH) wore it and he was in need of it, and you asked him for it when you are well aware that he (PBUH)
never refuses a request.'' He said: "I swear by Allah that I did not ask it for wearing. I asked him for it so that it
might be my shroud after my death.'' Sahl (the narrator of this Hadith) said: And in fact it was used as his shroud.
First, the Hadith is suggestive of accepting a present because the exchange of presents increases
mutual love. Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Offer presents to each other as these generate mutual love.'' Second,
the Prophet (PBUH) would never turn down anyone asking for something. Third, it is permissible to get a thing
prepared to meet a future need. Fourth, we are allowed to receive a benediction from the pious ones as the
Companions did in case of those things which had touched the blessed body of Messenger of Allah (PBUH). Yet,
today the benedictory sanction is being misapplied by people. For example, the washing of graves is erroneously
taken to be a sacred act. Whereas, going by the Islamic Law, there is no room for the concretion of a grave, still less
of washing it. Rather this act is unclean and sacrilegious. Similarly, we see some half-mad and insane people bereft
of the sense of purity and cleanliness. Yet, the masses consider them to be ecstatics and even try to seek benediction
from them. As a matter of fact, such lunatics are totally unconscious of the obligations of Islam, rather everything
else. But the sanity of a man becomes questionable if he considers them saints. Also there are places where some
relics, attributed to the Prophet (PBUH), are at display but without historical authenticity. We are supposed to shun
ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﻰﺳﻮﻣ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
اَذِإ ﻦﻴﻳِﺮَﻌﺷﻷا ﱠنِإ
َﺴَﺘﻗا ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ٍﺪﺣاَو ٍبﻮَﺛ ﻲﻓ ﻢُهَﺪﻨِﻋ َنﺎَآ ﺎﻣ اﻮُﻌَﻤَﺟ ، ِﺔَﻨﻳِﺪَﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﻢِﻬِﻟﺎَﻴِﻋ ُمﺎَﻌَﻃ ﱠﻞَﻗ وَأ ، ِوْﺰَﻐْﻟا ﻲﻓ اﻮُﻠﻣرَأ
ﻢُﻬَﻨْﻴَﺑ ُﻩﻮُﻤ
ِﺣاَو ٍءﺎَﻧِإ ﻲﻓ
ﻢُﻬﻨِﻣ ﺎَﻧَأَو ﻲﱢﻨِﻣ ﻢُﻬَﻓ ِﺔﱠﻳﻮﱠﺴﻟﺎﺑ ٍﺪ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
َغاَﺮَﻔﻟا َبَرﺎَﻗ وَأ ، ﻢُهُداَز َغَﺮَﻓ
Abu Musa (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"When the Ash`ariyun
run short of food in the Jihad or when they are at home in Al-Madinah, they collect all the provisions they have in a
sheet and then divide it equally among themselves. They are of me and I am of them.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
"They are of me and I am of them''. These Prophetic words of the Prophet (PBUH) imply nearness to
and psychic identity (with some souls) in matter of moral sense, character and good actions. Apart from the