Page 254 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 64
ﺎﻬﺑ رﻮﻣﺄﻤﻟا ﻪهﻮﺟو ﻲﻓ ﻪﻓﺮﺻو ﻪﺟو ﻦﻣ لﺎﻤﻟا ﺬﺧﺁ ﻦﻣ ﻮهو ﺮآﺎﺸﻟا ﻲﻨﻐﻟا ﻞﻀﻓ بﺎﺑ
Excellence of a Grateful Rich Man
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"As for him who gives (in charity) and keeps his duty to Allah and fears Him, and believes in Al-Husna. We
will make smooth for him the path of ease (goodness).''
"And Al-Muttaqun (the pious and righteous) will be far removed from it (Hell). He who spends his wealth for
increase in self-purification. And who has (in mind) no favour from anyone to be paid back. Except to seek
the Countenance of his Rubb, the Most High. He surely, will be pleased (when he will enter Jannah).''
"If you disclose your Sadaqat (alms-giving), it is well; but if you conceal them and give them to the poor, that
is better for you. (Allah) will expiate you some of your sins. And Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do.''
"By no means shall you attain Al-Birr (piety, righteousness - here it means Allah's reward, i.e., Jannah),
unless you spend (in Allah's Cause) of that which you love; and whatever of good you spend, Allah knows it
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍدﻮﻌﺴﻣ ِﻦﺑ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر َلﺎﻗ
ﱠﻻِإ َﺪَﺴَﺣ ﻻ
ِﻦْﻴَﺘَﻨَﺛا ﻲﻓ
ﱢﻖَﺤﻟا ﻲﻓ ِﻪِﺘَﻜﻠَه ﻰﻠﻋ ُﻪَﻄﱠﻠَﺴَﻓ ، ًﻻﺎَﻣ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻩﺎَﺗﺁ ٌﻞُﺟَر
ﺎﻬِﺑ ﻲِﻀﻘَﻳ ﻮﻬُﻓ ًﺔَﻤْﻜِﺣ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻩﺎَﺗﺁ ٌﻞُﺟَرو
ﺎَﻬُﻤﱢﻠَﻌُﻳَو «
ًﺎﺒﻳﺮﻗ ﻪﺣﺮﺷ مﺪﻘﺗو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Envy is permitted
only in two cases: A man whom Alah gives wealth, and he disposes of it rightfully, and a man to whom Allah gives
knowledge which he applies and teaches it.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith has already been mentioned. Yet, its relevance with this chapter has prompted us to
repeat it here. It lays emphasis on two points. First, if Allah gives wealth to a man, his sense of gratitude should be
expressed in his spending it in good ways according to the Divine command. Second, if Allah has endowed
somebody with knowledge and wisdom, he should be thankful to his Rubb by way of putting it into practice and by
imparting it to others. It means one can aspire for knowledge and richness, provided one's motive is to benefit
others. Envy is a bad quality which Muslims must shun. In this Hadith, however, envy
(or Ghibtah)
refers to the
feeling of wishing to have what somebody else has or to be like somebody else without these blessings be taken
away from the envied person.
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﺮﻤﻋ ِﻦْﺑا ﻦﻋو
ﻦﻴَﺘَﻨﺛا ﻲﻓ ﱠﻻِإ ﺪَﺴَﺣ ﻻ
: ٌﻞُﺟَر
ِرﺎﻬﱠﻨﻟا َءﺎَﻧﺁو ﻞﻴﱠﻠﻟا َءﺎَﻧﺁ ِﻪِﺑ ُمﻮُﻘَﻳ ﻮﻬﻓ ، َنﺁﺮُﻘﻟا ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻩﺎَﺗﺁ
ًﻻﺎَﻣ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻩﺎَﺗﺁ ٌﻞُﺟَرَو
ْﻴﱠﻠﻟا َءﺎَﻧﺁ ُﻪﻘِﻔْﻨُﻳ َﻮﻬﻓ
َءﺎَﻧﺁو ِﻞ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
» ُءﺎَﻧﻵا
Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:
"Envy is justified in
regard to two types of persons only: a man whom Allah has given knowledge of the Qur'an, and so he recites it
during the night and during the day; and a man whom Allah has given wealth and so he spends from it during the
night and during the day.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Ahadith permit us to envy (in the positive sense of the word: see commentary on the previous
Hadith) only two traits of character of somebody. Grammatically, the texts of these Ahadith imply both feminine
and masculine genders. In the preceding Hadith, the word 'knowledge' has been used. It stands for the Word of
Allah. To apply and teach knowledge means to put into practise the teachings of the Qur'an. And that includes the
recitation of the Qur'an
(both in Salat and otherwise)
, imparting its teaching and passing judgements in its light.
From this point of view both the Ahadith convey the similar sense, and similarly we may also read into them two
persons or two traits of character.
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر اْﻮَﺗَأ َﻦﻳِﺮِﺟﺎَﻬُﻤﻟا َءاَﺮَﻘُﻓ ﱠنَأ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ةﺮﻳﺮُه ﻲﺑأ ﻦَﻋو
ﻰَﻠُﻌﻟا ِتﺎﺟَرﱠﺪﻟﺎِﺑ ِرﻮُﺛﱡﺪﻟا ُﻞْهَأ َﺐَهَذ
ِﻢﻴِﻘُﻤﻟا ِﻢﻴِﻌﱠﻨﻟاو
؟ َكاَذ ﺎَﻣو
ُﻧ ﺎَﻤآ َنﻮﱡﻠَﺼُﻳ
، ﻲﱢﻠَﺼ