Page 257 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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ٍﻢﻠﺴﻤﻟ ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ٍلﺎَﻴَﻟ َثﻼَﺛ ُﺖﻴِﺒَﻳ
ﺮﻤﻋ ﻦﺑا لﺎﻗ
ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ُﺖﻌِﻤَﺳ ُﺬﻨُﻣ ٌﺔَﻠْﻴَﻟ ﱠﻲَﻠَﻋ ْتﱠﺮَﻣ ﺎَﻣ
ﻲِﺘﱠﻴِﺻَو يِﺪْﻨِﻋَو ﱠﻻِإ َﻚِﻟذ لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ
`Abdullah bin `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"It is the
duty of a Muslim who has something which is to be given as a bequest not to have it for two nights without
executing a written will.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
In the narration of Muslim it is narrated as `three nights'. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: Since I
heard the Messenger of Allah say this, I have never spent a night without having my will with me.
The emphasis of Messenger of Allah (PBUH) on the necessity of making a last will shows that man
has no knowledge of the time of his death. It is necessary for the rich that they should keep with them a testament so
as to leave their affairs settled after their death and to ward off any untoward situation with regard to the distribution
of their property among their inheritors.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﺲﻧَأ ﻦﻋو
لﺎﻘﻓ ًﺎﻃﻮُﻄُﺧ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﱠﻂَﺧ
اﺬَهَو ُنﺎَﺴﻧِﻹا اﺬَه
ُبَﺮْﻗَﻷا ﱡﻂَﺨﻟا َءﺎَﺟ ذِإ َﻚِﻟَﺬَآ ﻮه ﺎﻤَﻨْﻴَﺒَﻓ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) drew a few lines and said,
"One of them
represents man and another indicates death; and a man continues like this until the nearest line (i.e., death) overtakes
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ٍدﻮُﻌﺴﻣ ﻦﺑا ﻦﻋو
ﻲﻓ ﺎﻄَﺧ ﱠﻂَﺧو ، ًﺎﻌﱠﺑَﺮُﻣ ﺎﻄَﺧ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﱠﻂَﺧ
َلﺎَﻘَﻓ ، ِﻂَﺳَﻮﻟا ﻲﻓ يِﺬﱠﻟا ِﻪِﺒِﻧﺎَﺟ ْﻦِﻣ ِﻂَﺳَﻮﻟا ﻲﻓ يِﺬﱠﻟا اَﺬَه ﻰﻟِإ ًارﺎَﻐِﺻ ًﺎﻄﻄُﺧ ﱠﻂَﺧَو ، ُﻪْﻨﻣ ًﺎﺟِرﺎَﺧ ِﻂَﺳَﻮْﻟا
» اَﺬَه
ﱢﺼﻟا ُﻂَﻄﺨُﻟا ِﻩِﺬَهَو ُﻪُﻠَﻣَأ ٌجِرﺎَﺧ َﻮُه يِﺬﱠﻟا اَﺬَهَو ِﻪِﺑ َطﺎَﺣَأ ﺪَﻗ وأ ِﻪِﺑ ًﺎﻄﻴِﺤُﻣ ُﻪُﻠَﺟَأ اَﺬَهَو ، ُنﺎَﺴﻧِﻹا
، ُ
ضاﺮْﻋَﻷا ُرﺎَﻐ
اﺬَه ُﻪَﺸَﻬَﻧ اﺬَه ُﻩَﺄَﻄْﺧَأ ْنِإَو ، اﺬَه ُﻪَﺸَﻬَﻧ ، اَﺬَه ُﻩَﺄَﻄْﺧَأ ْنِﺈَﻓ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
ُﺻ ِﻩِﺬَهَو
- ﻞﻣﻷا
Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) drew up a square and in the
middle of it he drew a line, the end of which jutted out beyond the square. Further across the middle line, he drew a
number of smaller lines. Then he (PBUH) said,
"The figure represents man and the encircling square is the death
which is encompassing him. The middle line represents his desires and the smaller lines are vicissitudes of life. If
one of those misses him, another distresses him, and if that one misses him, he falls victim to another.''
This means that human life is perpetually exposed to mishaps. If man escapes one mishap, he comes
across the other one. His life is spent in a continuous struggle against tackling the hostile situations. Besides, his life
remains entangled in unending hopes and wishes which are never fulfilled and finally he slips into the iron-grip of
death. To sum up, man is ever closer to the border line of death and not supposed to remain unprepared for it. There
is no end to wishful thinking and, therefore, he should not adopt a careless attitude towards the inescapable death in
the pursuit of illusory hopes. The best course for him is to remain ever-ready for his exit from the worldly stage.
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر ﱠنَأ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ةﺮﻳﺮه ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
،ًﺎﻌْﺒَﺳ ِلﺎَﻤْﻋَﻷﺎِﺑ اوُرِدﺎَﺑ
ُﺮِﻈَﺘْﻨَﺗ ﻞَه
وَأ ، ًاِﺰﻬْﺠُﻣ ًﺎﺗﻮَﻣ وَأ ،ًاﺪﱢﻨَﻔُﻣ ًﺎﻣَﺮَه وأ ، ًاﺪِﺴﻔُﻣ ًﺎﺿَﺮَﻣ ْوَأ ، ًﺎﻴِﻐﻄُﻣ ﻰَﻨِﻏ وَأ ، ًﺎﻴِﺴْﻨُﻣ ًاﺮْﻘَﻓ ﱠﻻإ َنو
،؟ ﱡﺮَﻣَأو ﻰَهْدَأ ُﺔَﻋﺎﱠﺴﻟاَو َﺔَﻋﺎﱠﺴﻟا ِوَأ ، ُﺮَﻈَﺘْﻨُﻳ ٍﺐِﺋﺎَﻏ ﱡﺮَﺸَﻓ ،
لﺎﻗو يﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟا ُﻩاور
ٌﻦﺴﺣ ٌﺚﻳﺪﺣ
ًاّﺪﺟ ﻒﻴﻌﺿ
] . (
ﻪﻴﻓ :
ﺚﻳﺪﺤﻟا كوﺮﺘﻣ ﻮهو ، نروﺎه ﻦﺑ رﺮﺤﻣ
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Hasten to do good
deeds before you are overtaken by one of the seven afflictions.'
' Then (giving a warning) he said,
"Are you waiting
for poverty which will make you unmindful of devotion, or prosperity which will make you corrupt, or a disease
which will disable you, or senility which will make you mentally unstable, or sudden death which will take you all
of a sudden, or Ad-Dajjal who is the worst expected, or the Hour; and the Hour will be most grievous and most
The Hadith focuses on seven things which hold back man from the virtuous path. Taking in
consideration the turning health and the brief span of life to his account, he is, therefore, apt to gather up good deeds