Page 259 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 66
ﺮﺋاﺰﻟا ﻪﻟﻮﻘﻳ ﺎﻣو لﺎﺟﺮﻠﻟ رﻮﺒﻘﻟا ةرﺎﻳز بﺎﺒﺤﺘﺳا بﺎﺑ
Desirability of visiting the Graves for men, and that they should say
لﺎﻗ ، ﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ، َةَﺪْﻳَﺮُﺑ ﻦﻋ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر لﺎﻗ
ةَرﺎﻳِز ْﻦَﻋ ْﻢُﻜُﺘْﻴَﻬَﻧ ُﺖْﻨُآ
ﺎهوروُﺰَﻓ ِر
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ُﻩاور
ﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ةﺮﺧﻵﺎﺑ ﺎﻧﺮآﺬﺗ ﺎﻬﻧﺈﻓ رﺰﻴﻠﻓ رﻮﺒﻘﻟا روﺰﻳ نأ دارأ ﻦﻤﻓ
Buraidah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"(In the past) I forbade
you from visiting graves, but visit them now.''
In another narration Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Whoever wants to visit a graveyard, let him do so, because it
reminds us of the Hereafter.''
The visit to the graves is not only recommendable from a theological point of view but, in the light
of the Prophetic saying, it is also compulsory and binding. However, at the dawn of Islam it was forbidden due to
the apprehension that the Muslims might relapse into some wrongdoing by harking back to the pre-Islamic memory.
But when the Monotheistic Belief took root in their minds and the apprehension of pagan echoings evaporated, the
ban on visiting the graves was lifted. Rather an emphasis was laid on such a visit, so that an overpowering thought
of death might penetrate a believer's mind as a deterrent force against the promptings of his animal self. The
believers must remember death and remember that they will be dead sooner or later. It has been reported that `Umar
bin Al-Khattab(May Allah be pleased with him) used to address himself thus: "Death suffices to serve as an
admonitor, O `Umar!''
ﺖﻟﺎﻗ ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺔَﺸﺋﺎﻋ ﻦﻋو
ْﻦﻣ ﺎﻬﺘَﻠْﻴَﻟ نﺎآ ﺎﻤﱠﻠُآ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ، ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر نﺎآ
ﻰﻟِإ ِﻞْﻴﱠﻠﻟا ِﺮِﺧﺁ ْﻦِﻣ ُجُﺮْﺨَﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر
ُلﻮُﻘَﻴَﻓ ، ِﻊﻴِﻘَﺒﻟا
َﻦﻴﻨِﻣﺆُﻣ ٍمْﻮَﻗ َراَد ْﻢُﻜْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُمﻼﱠﺴﻟا
َﺑ ِﻞْهَﻷ ْﺮِﻔْﻏا ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا ، َنﻮُﻘِﺣﻻ ْﻢُﻜِﺑ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َءﺎَﺷ ْنِإ ﺎﱠﻧِإو ، َنﻮُﻠﱠﺟَﺆُﻣ ًاﺪَﻏ ، َنوُﺪَﻋﻮُﺗ ﺎﻣ ْﻢُآﺎَﺗَأو ،
ِﺪَﻗْﺮَﻐﻟا ِﻊﻴِﻘ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ .
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her): reported Whenever it was her turn to spend with Messenger of Allah
(PBUH), he used to go to the Baqi` (graveyard in Al-Madinah) at the last part of night and say,
"May you be safe, O
abode of the believing people. What you have been promised has come to you. You are tarried till tomorrow and
certainly we shall follow you if Allah wills. O Allah, forgive the inmates of the Baqi`-al-Gharqad.''
The example of Messenger of Allah (PBUH) shows that it is right to visit the graves even at night.
But the visitor is required to pray the Prophetic prayer there as it invokes Divine blessing on and pardon to the dead.
It may be emphasized here that to greet the dead is a prayer for them. It is not necessary that they should hear it and
also respond to it. Allah has the power to make them hear it, too. But ours should not be the belief that the dead do
hear and reply. The exact position is known to Allah Alone. We are only supposed to follow the example of
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and say the greeting and prayer as mentioned above.
لﺎﻗ ، ُﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َةَﺪْﻳَﺮُﺑ ﻦﻋو
ْنَأ ِﺮِﺑﺎﻘَﻤﻟا ﻰﻟِإ اﻮُﺟَﺮَﺧ اذِإ ْﻢُﻬُﻤﱢﻠَﻌُﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱡﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا َنﺎَآ
ﻢُﻬُﻠِﺋﺎَﻗ َلﻮُﻘَﻳ
ِﻣ ِرﺎﻳﱢﺪﻟا ﻞْهَأ ْﻢُﻜﻴَﻠَﻋ ُمﻼﱠﺴﻟا
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلَﺄْﺳَأ ، َنﻮُﻘِﺣَﻻ ْﻢُﻜِﺑ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َءﺎَﺷ ْنِإ ﺎﱠﻧِإَو َﻦﻴِﻤِﻠْﺴُﻤﻟاو َﻦﻴِﻨِﻣْﺆُﻤﻟا َﻦ
َﺔَﻴِﻓﺎﻌﻟا ُﻢُﻜَﻟَو ﺎَﻨَﻟ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Buraidah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) used to teach them (i.e., the
Companions) whenever they came out to visit the graveyard to say:
"As-salamu `alaikum ahlad-diyyari minal-
Mu'minina wal-Muslimina, wa inna in sha' Allahu bikum lahiqun. As'alul-laha lana wa-lakumul- `afiyyah (May you
be safe, O inmates of the abodes of the believers and the Muslims, and if Allah pleases, we shall follow you, we
pray to Allah for well-being for ourselves and for you).''
This Hadith has a provision for a believer to visit the graveyard and to pray for his dead relatives,
because the prayer of the living benefits the departed souls.