Page 261 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 67
ﻦﻳﺪﻟا ﻲﻓ ﺔﻨﺘﻔﻟا فﻮﺨﻟ ﻪﺑ سﺄﺑ ﻻو ﻪﺑ لﺰﻧ رﺮﺿ ﺐﺒﺴﺑ تﻮﻤﻟا ﻲﻨﻤﺗ ﺔﻴهاﺮآ بﺎﺑ
Abomination of longing for Death
َلﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر ﱠنَأ ﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ةﺮﻳﺮُه ﻲﺑأ ْﻦﻋ
ﺎَﻣِإ َتْﻮَﻤﻟا ُﻢُآُﺪَﺣَأ ﱠﻦَﻤَﺘَﻳ ﻻ
َﻠَﻓ ، ًﺎﻨِﺴﺤُﻣ
ُﺐِﺘْﻌَﺘْﺴَﻳ ُﻪﱠﻠَﻌَﻠَﻓ ًﺎﺌﻴِﺴُﻣ ﺎﱠﻣِإَو ، ُدادْﺰَﻳ ُﻪﱠﻠَﻌ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻆﻔﻟ اﺬهو ،ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮُﺳر ْﻦَﻋ ﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َةﺮْﻳﺮُه ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋ ﻢﻠﺴﻤﻟ ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
» ﱠﻦَﻤَﺘَﻳ ﻻ
ْﻦِﻣ ِﻪِﺑ ُعْﺪَﻳ ﻻَو ، َتْﻮَﻤﻟا ُﻢُآُﺪَﺣَأ
ًاﺮﻴَﺧ ﱠﻻِإ ُﻩُﺮْﻤُﻋ َﻦِﻣْﺆُﻤﻟا ُﺪﻳﺰَﻳ ﻻ ُﻪﱠﻧِإَو ، ُﻪُﻠَﻤَﻋ َﻊَﻄَﻘْﻧا َتﺎﻣ اذِإ ُﻪﱠﻧِإ ، ُﻪَﻴِﺗْﺄَﻳ ْنَأ ِﻞْﺒَﻗ
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"None of you
should wish for death. If he is righteous, perhaps he may add to (his) good works, and if he is a sinner, possibly he
may repent (in case he is given a longer life).''
In Muslim, Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported : Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Let none
of you wish for death, nor he ask for it before it comes to him, because when he dies, his actions will be terminated;
certainly the age of a (true) believer does not add but good.''
This Hadith forbids a believer to wish for his death as the longevity of his age suits him by all
means. The longer he lives, the greater degree of progress will he make in virtues pursuits. And in case he infringes
upon the Shari`ah rules, he may perhaps incline towards penitence. A believer should, therefore, consider his life as
a boon and try his utmost to do good things.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍﺲﻧأ ﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر َلﺎﻗ
ﱟﺮُﻀِﻟ َتْﻮَﻤﻟا ُﻢُآُﺪَﺣَأ ﱠﻦَﻴﱠﻨَﻤَﺘَﻳ ﻻ
ﻞُﻘَﻴْﻠَﻓ ، َﻼِﻋﺎﻓ ﱠﺪُﺑﻻ ْنﺎآ ْنِﺈَﻓ ُﻪَﺑﺎَﺻَأ
ِﺖَﻧﺎآ اذِإ ﻲﻨﱠﻓَﻮَﺗو ، ﻲﻟ ًاﺮْﻴَﺧ ُةﺎﻴَﺤﻟا ِﺖَﻧﺎآ ﺎﻣ ﻲﻨِﻴْﺣَأ ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا
ﻲﻟ ًاﺮﻴَﺧ ُةﺎﻓﻮﻟا
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Let none of you
wish for death on account of an affliction that befalls him. If he has no alternative, let him pray: `Allahumma ahyine
ma kanatil-hayatu khairan li, wa tawaffani idha kanatil-wafatu khairan li (O Allah! Give my life so long as the life is
good for me, and take away my life if death is good for me)'.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Here, too, a believer has been prevented from wishing for death. Because it betrays that he is far
from agreeing to what Allah wills or has ordained. If at all his wishing becomes intense and indispensable under the
pressure of circumstances, he should pray in the Prophetic words mentioned in the Hadith above.
لﺎﻗ ٍمزﺎﺣ ﻲﺑأ ِﻦﺑ ِﺲﻴَﻗ ْﻦَﻋو
ٍتﺎﱠﻴَآ َﻊْﺒَﺳ ىﻮَﺘْآا ِﺪَﻗَو ُﻩُدﻮُﻌَﻧ ُﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ﱢتَرَﻷا ِﻦﺑ بﺎﺒَﺧ ﻰﻠَﻋ ﺎَﻨْﻠَﺧَد
َأ ﺎﱠﻧِإو ، ﺎَﻴْﻧﱡﺪﻟا ُﻢُﻬْﺼُﻘْﻨَﺗ ﻢَﻟو ، اْﻮَﻀَﻣ اﻮُﻔَﻠَﺳ َﻦﻳِﺬﱠﻟا ﺎﻨﺑﺎﺤْﺻَأ ﱠنِإ
َباﺮﺘﻟا ﱠﻻِإ ًﺎﻌِﺿْﻮَﻣ ُﻪَﻟ ُﺪِﺠﻧ ﻻ ﺎﻣ ﺎَﻨْﺒَﺻ
ﱠﺮَﻣ ُﻩﺎَﻨْﻴَﺗَأ ﱠﻢُﺛ ِﻪِﺑ ُتْﻮَﻋَﺪَﻟ ِتْﻮَﻤﻟﺎﺑ َﻮُﻋْﺪَﻧ ْنَأ ﺎَﻧﺎﻬﻧ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﱠنَأ َﻻْﻮَﻟو
ًﺎﻄﺋﺎﺣ ﻲﻨْﺒَﻳ َﻮُهو ىَﺮْﺧُأ ًة
لﺎﻘﻓ ، ُﻪَﻟ
ﱢﻞُآ ﻲﻓ ُﺮَﺟْﺆُﻴَﻟ َﻢِﻠْﺴُﻤﻟا ﱠنِإ
ِباﺮﺘﻟا اﺬه ﻲﻓ ُﻪُﻠَﻌْﺠَﻳ ٍءﻲَﺷ ﻲﻓ ﱠﻻِإ ُﻪُﻘِﻔْﻨُﻳ ٍءﻲَﺷ
ﻆﻔﻟ اﺬهو ، ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﺔﻳاور
Qais bin Abu Hazim (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I went to visit Khabbab bin Aratt (May Allah
be pleased with him) during his illness. He had been cauterized in seven places. He said:
"Our companions who
have died have left (this world) without having enjoyed the pleasures of the world (in order to get a great full reward
in the Hereafter) while we have amassed wealth exceeding our needs for which there is no place to keep except in
the earth
Had Messenger of Allah (PBUH) not prohibited us from longing for death, I would have prayed for it.
Then we visited him again and he was building a wall. He said:
"There is a reward in store for a Muslim in respect
of everything on which he spends except for something he places in the earth (i.e., something exceeding our needs
or essentials).''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].