Page 263 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 68
تﺎﻬﺒﺸﻟا كﺮﺗو عرﻮﻟا بﺎﺑ
Leading an Abstemious Life and refraining from the Doubtful
Allah, the Exalted, says:
" counted it a little thing, while with Allah it was very great.'' (24:15)
"Verily, your Rubb is Ever Watchful (over them).''
لﺎﻗ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ٍﺮﻴﺸَﺑ ِﻦﺑ نﺎﻤﻌﱡﻨﻟا ﻦﻋو
ُلﻮُﻘَﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳر ُﺖْﻌِﻤﺳ
» ﱠنِإ
َﺘْﺸُﻣ ﺎﻤﻬَﻨْﻴَﺑَو ، ٌﻦﱢﻴَﺑ َماﺮَﺤﻟا ﱠنِإو ، ٌﻦﱢﻴَﺑ َلَﻼَﺤﻟا
َأَﺮْﺒَﺘْﺳا ، ِتﺎﻬُﺒﱡﺸﻟا ﻰﻘﱠﺗا ﻦَﻤَﻓ ، ِسﺎﱠﻨﻟا َﻦِﻣ ٌﺮﻴِﺜَآ ﱠﻦُﻬُﻤَﻠْﻌَﻳ َﻻ ٌتﺎﻬِﺒ
ﻴِﻓ ﻊَﺗْﺮَﻳ ْنَأ ُﻚِﺷﻮُﻳ ﻰﻤِﺤﻟا َلْﻮَﺣ ﻰﻋْﺮﻳ ﻲﻋاﱠﺮﻟﺎآ ، ِماﺮَﺤﻟا ﻲﻓ َﻊَﻗو ، ِتﺎﻬُﺒﺸﻟا ﻲﻓ َﻊَﻗَو ْﻦَﻣَو ، ِﻪِﺿْﺮِﻋو ِﻪِﻨﻳِﺪِﻟ
َأ ، ﻰًﻤِﺣ ٍﻚِﻠَﻣ ﱢﻞُﻜِﻟ ﱠنِإو َﻻَأ ،
ُﻪﱡﻠُآ ُﺪَﺴﺠﻟا َﺢَﻠَﺻ ﺖَﺤَﻠﺻ اذإ ًﺔَﻐﻀُﻣ ِﺪَﺴﺠﻟا ﻲﻓ ﱠنِإو َﻻَأ ، ُﻪﻣِرﺎَﺤَﻣ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻰَﻤِﺣ ﱠنِإَو َﻻ
ُﻪﱡﻠُآ ُﺪَﺴَﺠﻟا َﺪﺴَﻓ ْتَﺪَﺴَﻓ اذِإَو ،
ُﺐْﻠَﻘﻟا ﻲِهَو َﻻَأ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ٍﺔَﺑِرﺎﻘَﺘُﻣ ٍظﺎﻔْﻟَﺄﺑ ٍقُﺮُﻃ ْﻦِﻣ ﻩﺎﻳَوَرو
An-Nu`man bin Bashir (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"What is
lawful is clear and what is unlawful is clear, but between them are certain doubtful things which many people do not
know. So he who guards against doubtful things keeps his religion and his honour blameless. But he who falls into
doubtful things falls into that which is unlawful, just as a shepherd who grazes his cattle in the vicinity of a pasture
declared prohibited (by the king); he is likely to stray into the pasture. Mind you, every king has a protected pasture
and Allah's involved limits is that which He has declared unlawful. Verily, there is a piece of flesh in the body, if it
is healthy, the whole body is healthy, and if it is corrupt, the whole body is corrupt. Verily, it is the heart.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
There are such meeting-points between what is permissible and what is not permissible in the matter
of religion of which the majority of people are ignorant. If man abstains from them, it means that he is keeping his
duty to Allah. Yet, if he is involved in them without caring for what is allowable or unallowable, he may be
supposed to have outstepped the Divine limits. Businessmen and traders are particularly warned here to avoid things
of dubious nature and are urged to adopt only that pattern which is lawful. Another important point underlying this
Hadith concerns the heart. Its purity or impurity directly affects the human conduct in a good or bad way. It is,
therefore, absolutely necessary to cleanse the heart of all wiles and impurities, and this is not possible without sound
Faith and consciousness of Allah.
َلﺎﻘﻓ ، ِﻖﻳِﺮﱠﻄﻟا ﻲﻓ ًةَﺮْﻤَﺗ َﺪَﺟَو ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲِﺒَﻨﻟا ﱠنَأ ﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ٍﺲﻧَأ ﻦﻋو
» ﱢﻧَأ َﻻْﻮَﻟ
ﺎﻬُﺘْﻠَآَﻷ ِﺔَﻗَﺪﱠﺼﻟا َﻦِﻣ َنﻮُﻜَﺗ ْنَأ ُفﺎﺧَأ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) found a dry date-fruit lying in
the way and said,
"Had it not been for fear of being from charity I would have eaten it.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
As Sadaqah and Zakat were forbidden to Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and the members of his
family, he avoided to eat the date-fruit he had found in the way because he was not sure about the allowability of its
nature. It is a lesson for a Muslim that he should stay away from a thing when he doubts its lawful aspect. The
previous Hadith also confirms this view. Moreover, we come to know that the use of an insignificant thing found in
the way is not forbidden. Similarly, one is permitted to pick up an eatable thing - provided it is not dubious - and eat
it because it involves both humility and regard for a blessing.
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َنﺎﻌﻤَﺳ ِﻦﺑ ِساﱠﻮﱠﻨﻟا ﻦﻋو
ِﻖُﻠُﺨﻟا ُﻦﺴُﺣ ﱡﺮﺒﻟا
ُسﺎﱠﻨﻟا ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ َﻊَﻠﱠﻄَﻳ ْنَأ َﺖْهِﺮَآو ، َﻚِﺴْﻔﻧ ﻲﻓ َكﺎﺣ ﺎﻣ ُﻢﺛِﻹاَو
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
َكﺎﺣ «
ِﻪﻴﻓ َدﱠدَﺮَﺗ ْيَأ ، فﺎﻜﻟاو ﺔﻠﻤﻬﻤﻟا ِءﺎﺤﻟﺎﺑ
An-Nawwas bin Sam`an (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"Piety is good
manner, and sin is that which creates doubt and you do not like people to know of it.''
Islam lays much importance on courteous behaviour and also explains and stresses its different
aspects. To meet people cheerfully, to avoid causing trouble to them, rather to try to make things convenient and
comfortable to them, to do social service, to extend co-operation to others in good things and to be generous, and to