Page 264 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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like for others also that you like for yourself, are all forms of moral behaviour that are counted as virtues in Islam.
All that is bad and vicious is considered by Islam as sinful. This Hadith describes two signs of a sin. First, man
should feel scruples in committing it. Second, one does not like others being informed about it. The Hadith further
tells us that human nature leads man to correct conclusions and keeps him away from evils, provided it has not been
deformed by the environment and bad company.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ٍﺪِﺒْﻌَﻣ ِﻦﺑ َﺔﺼﺑاو ﻦﻋو
لﺎﻘﻓ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ُﺖْﻴَﺗَأ
ُلَﺄﺴﺗ َﺖْﺌِﺟ
؟ ﱢﺮِﺒﻟا ِﻦﻋ
ﺖﻠﻗ :
لﺎﻘﻓ ، ﻢﻌﻧ
ﱡﺮِﺒﻟا ، َﻚَﺒْﻠَﻗ ِﺖْﻔَﺘْﺳا
ُﺐْﻠَﻘﻟا ِﻪْﻴَﻟِإ ﱠنَﺄَﻤْﻃاو ، ُﺲْﻔﱠﻨﻟا ِﻪْﻴَﻟِإ ْﺖﱠﻧَﺄَﻤْﻃا ﺎﻣ
ُﻢﺛِﻹاو ،
َكﻮَﺘْﻓَأَو ُسﺎﱠﻨﻟا َكﺎَﺘْﻓَأ ْنِإو ، ِرْﺪﱠﺼﻟا ﻲﻓ َدﱠدَﺮَﺗو ِﺲْﻔﱠﻨﻟا ﻲﻓ َكﺎﺣ ﺎﻣ
ﻲﻓ ﱡﻲِﻣَراﱠﺪﻟاو ، ُﺪﻤﺣأ ُﻩاور ، ﻦﺴﺣ ٌﺚﻳﺪﺣ
Wabisah bin Ma`bad (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I went to Messenger of Allah (PBUH) and he
asked me,
"Have you come to inquire about piety?''
I replied in the affirmative. Then he said,
"Ask your heart
regarding it. Piety is that which contents the soul and comforts the heart, and sin is that which causes doubts and
perturbs the heart, even if people pronounce it lawful and give you verdicts on such matters again and again.''
[Ahmad and Ad-Darmi].
There are two points about this Hadith. First, it is one of the miracles of Messenger of Allah (PBUH)
who discovered the nature of the question before it was put to him. Second, man's heart is the biggest guide to him
and he, therefore, should keep his heart illuminated with the light of Faith so as to continue receiving guidance from
ﻴﺴﻟا ﺮﺴﻜﺑ َﺔَﻋَوْﺮِﺳ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
ﻲﺑﻷ ًﺔَﻨْﺑا َجﱠوَﺰَﺗ ُﻪﱠﻧَأ ُﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ِثِرﺎﺤﻟا ِﻦﺑ َﺔَﺒْﻘُﻋ ﺎﻬﺤﺘﻓو ﺔﻠﻤﻬﻤﻟا ﻦ
ﺖﻟﺎﻘﻓ ٌةَأَﺮْﻣا ُﻪْﺘَﺗَﺄَﻓ ، ٍﺰﻳِﺰَﻋ ِﻦﺑ بﺎهِإ
ُﺔﺒﻘُﻋ ﺎﻬَﻟ لﺎﻘﻓ ، ﺎﻬﺑ َجﱠوَﺰَﺗ ْﺪَﻗ ﻲﺘﻟاَو َﺔَﺒْﻘُﻋ ُﺖْﻌَﺿْرَأ ﺪَﻗ ﻲﱢﻧِإ
ُﻢَﻠْﻋَأ ﺎﻣ
ْﺧَأ َﻻَو ﻲﻨِﺘْﻌَﺿرَأ ِﻚﱠﻧَأ
، ﻲﻨِﺗﺮَﺒ
ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر لﺎﻘﻓ ، ُﻪَﻟَﺄَﺴَﻓ ، ِﺔَﻨﻳِﺪَﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِلﻮُﺳر ﻰﻟِإ َﺐَآَﺮَﻓ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ
،؟ َﻞﻴِﻗ ْﺪَﻗَو ، َﻒْﻴَآ
ُﻩَﺮﻴﻏ ًﺎﺟْوَز ْﺖَﺤَﻜﻧو ُﺔَﺒْﻘُﻋ ﺎَﻬَﻗرﺎَﻔﻓ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ُﻩاور
َو ، ةﺰﻤﻬﻟا
» ٌﺰﻳِﺰﻋ «
ةرّﺮﻜﻣ ياﺰﺑو ﻦﻴﻌﻟا ﺢﺘﻔﺑ
`Uqbah bin Al-Harith (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that he had married a daughter of Abu Ihab bin
`Aziz and a woman came to him and said she had suckled both `Uqbah and the woman whom he had married, to
which he replied: "I am not aware that you suckled me, and you did not inform me
'' So he (`Uqbah) rode to
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) in Al-Madinah and put the matter before him. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"How can you continue (to be her husband) after what you have been told?''
`Uqbah (May Allah be pleased with
him) therefore divorced her and she married another man.
Opinions differ about the evidence of a woman. But it is so about financial matters and Hudud
and Qisas
(retaliation in punishment).
For example, regarding the first, the Qur'an says that the
evidence of two women is equal to that of one man. Similarly, the `Ulama' have not trusted the evidence of a woman
about matters concerning Hudud and Qisas, rather they have considered in this connection, the evidence of man
indispensable. However, they are all unanimous in accepting the evidence of even a single woman in matters of
which men are uninformed. These, for instance, include the problems of a child's birth and its legitimacy and the
weak points of women. And the argument is supported by this Hadith. When the woman gave evidence that she had
suckled both the husband and the wife and was the foster-mother of the two, they separated from each other. Also,
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) declared their wedlock untenable. The Hadith urges us to dispense with what is
doubtful in order to be on the safe side in matters of religion.
لﺎﻗ ، ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲّﺿر ﱟﻲﻠَﻋ ﻦﺑ ِﻦَﺴَﺤﻟا ﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮُﺳَر ْﻦِﻣ ُﺖْﻈِﻔَﺣ
» ﺎﻣ ْعَد
ﻚُﺒﻳِﺮﻳ ﻻ ﺎَﻣ ﻰﻟِإ َﻚُﺒﻳِﺮَﻳ
ﺢﻴﺤﺻ ﻦﺴﺣ ﺚﻳﺪﺣ لﺎﻗو يﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟا ُﻩاور
ُﻩﺎﻨﻌﻣو :
ِﻪﻴِﻓ ﱠﻚُﺸَﺗ ﻻ ﺎﻣ ْﺬُﺧو ، ِﻪﻴِﻓ ﱡﻚُﺸَﺗ ﺎﻣ ْكُﺮْﺗا
Hasan bin `Ali (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: I have retained these words of Messenger of Allah
"Leave what causes you doubt and turn to what does not cause you doubt.''
This Hadith, as also mentioned previously, urges a believer to give up what appears to him doubtful.
ﺖﻟﺎﻗ ، ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر َﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ﻦﻋو
َجاﺮَﺨﻟا ُﻪَﻟ ُجِﺮْﺨُﻳ ٌمﻼُﻏ ُﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ، ِﻖﻳﱢﺪﱠﺼﻟا ٍﺮْﻜَﺑ ﻲﺑﻷ َنﺎآ
ُمﻼُﻐﻟا ُﻪَﻟ َلﺎَﻘَﻓ ، ٍﺮْﻜَﺑ ﻮُﺑَأ ُﻪْﻨِﻣ َﻞَآَﺄَﻓ ، ٍءﻲَﺸِﺑ ًﺎﻣﻮَﻳ َءﺎَﺠَﻓ ، ِﻪِﺟاَﺮَﺧ ْﻦِﻣ ُﻞُآْﺄَﻳ ٍﺮْﻜَﺑ ﻮﺑَأ َنﺎآو
ﺎَﻣ يِرْﺪَﺗ
َلﺎَﻘَﻓ ؟ اﺬَه