Page 275 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 73
ﻖﻠﺨﻟا ﻦﺴﺣ بﺎﺑ
Good Conduct
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"And verily, you (O Muhammad (PBUH)) are on an exalted (standard of) character.''
"The Jannah is prepared for those)... who repress anger, and who pardon men.''
ﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ٍﺲﻧَأ ﻦﻋو
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪ
ًﺎﻘﻠُﺧ ِسﺎﱠﻨﻟا َﻦﺴْﺣَأ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳَر َنﺎآ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was the best of all the people
in behaviour.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋو
ُﺖْﻤَﻤَﺷ َﻻَو ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِلﻮُﺳر ﱢﻒَآ ْﻦِﻣ َﻦَﻴْﻟَأ ًاﺮﻳِﺮَﺣ َﻻو ًﺎﺟﺎﺒﻳِد ُﺖْﺴِﺴَﻣ ﺎَﻣ
َﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر ُﺖْﻣَﺪَﺧ ْﺪَﻘَﻟَو ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِلﻮُﺳَر ﻦِﻣ َﺐَﻴْﻃَأ ﱡﻂَﻗ ًﺔَﺤﺋار
َﺮْﺸﻋ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠ
ﱡﻂَﻗ ﻲﻟ َلﺎﻗ ﺎﻤَﻓ ، َﻦﻴﻨِﺳ
ُﻪُﺘْﻠﻌَﻓ ٍءْﻲَﺸِﻟ َلﺎﻗ ﻻَو ، ﱟفُأ
ُﻪْﻠَﻌﻓا ْﻢَﻟ ٍءﻲﺸﻟ ﻻو ؟ُﻪَﺘْﻠَﻌَﻓ َﻢِﻟ
؟ اﺬَآ َﺖْﻠَﻌَﻓ َﻻَأ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ .
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
I never felt any piece of velvet or silk softer than the palm of
the Messenger of Allah (PBUH), nor did I smell any fragrance more pleasant than the smell of Messenger of Allah
(PBUH). I served him for ten years, and he never said `Uff' (an expression of disgust) to me. He never said `why did
you do that?' for something I had done, nor did he ever say `why did you not do such and such' for something I had
not done.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith reflects the sublime morality of Messenger of Allah that he never found faults with the
doings of his valet nor did he ever scold him during his ten-year-long service. To be sure, this is something unique in
human history. May the Ummah, too, adopt the refined way of the living of its Prophet (PBUH).
َﻣﺎﱠﺜَﺟ ِﻦﺑ ِﺐﻌﱠﺼﻟا ﻦﻋو
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر َﺔ
، ًﺎﻴِﺸْﺣَو ًارﺎَﻤِﺣ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳر ُﺖْﻳَﺪْهَأ
َلﺎﻗ ﻲﻬْﺟَو ﻲﻓ ﺎَﻣ ىَأر ﺎّﻤﻠﻓ ، ﱠﻲﻠﻋ ُﻩﱡدَﺮَﻓ
ٌمُﺮُﺣ ﺎﱠﻧَﻷ ﱠﻻِإ َﻚْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﻩﱠدُﺮَﻧ ْﻢَﻟ ﺎﱠﻧِإ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Sa`b bin Jaththamah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I presented a wild ass to Messenger of Allah
(PBUH) as a gift but he returned it to me. When he perceived signs of despair on my face, he said,
"I have declined
to accept it because I am in the state of Ihram.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
As, in the state of Ihram, hunting is not allowed to a pilgrim; similarly, the meat of the game, killed
on his suggestion or instruction, is forbidden to him, too. For this reason, Messenger of Allah (PBUH) sent back the
gift of the wild ass to his Companion. The Hadith further illustrates that if the recipient has any valid excuse for not
accepting a gift, he should explain it so that the sender may not feel dejected. It may be mentioned here that some
Ahadith allow us to eat the meat of a game killed by others, whereas this Hadith shows it is not permissible. The
orthodox `Ulama', however, have attempted to reconcile the two seemingly incompatible sets of Ahadith with each
other. According to the first category of Ahadith, a man, not in the state of Ihram who kills a chase and gives a
portion of it as a gift to someone who is in Ihram, the gift will be permissible to the latter. As for the second
category of Ahadith, the former kills a game for the latter, or on his suggestion, the man in the state of Ihram will be
barred from eating it (as mentioned in Fath Al-Bari). Similarly, it will not be lawful if the game is sent alive to the
man in the state of Ihram with this intention that he should himself sacrifice it. The Hadith under discussion depicts
this very situation. Imam Bukhari, as we know, has consequently adduced from this Hadith that if an unkilled game,
like the wild donkey, is sent as a gift to a man in the state of Ihram, he should not accept it.
ﺑ ِساﱠﻮﱠﻨﻟا ﻦﻋو
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َنﺎﻌﻤﺳ ِﻦ
ِﻢﺛِﻹاو ﱢﺮِﺒﻟا ِﻦﻋ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳر ُﺖﻟَﺄﺳ
َلﺎﻘﻓ :
ُﻢﺛِﻹاو ، ِﻖُﻠُﺨﻟا ُﻦﺴُﺣ ﱡﺮِﺒﻟا
ُسﺎﱠﻨﻟا ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ َﻊﻠﱠﻄَﻳ ْنَأ َﺖْهِﺮَآو ، َﻚِﺴْﻔَﻧ ﻲﻓ َكﺎﺣ ﺎﻣ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ُﻩاور