Page 279 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 74
Clemency, Tolerance and Gentleness
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"...who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily, Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (the good-doers).''
"Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the foolish (i.e., don't punish them).''
"The good deed and the evil deed cannot be equal. Repel (the evil) with one which is better (i.e., Allah orders
the faithful believers to be patient at the time of anger, and to excuse those who treat them badly) then verily
he, between whom and you there was enmity, (will become) as though he was a close friend. But none is
granted it (the above quality) except those who are patient - and none is granted it except the owner of the
great portion (of happiness in the Hereafter, i.e., Jannah and of a high moral character) in this world.''
"And verily, whosoever shows patience and forgives that would truly be from the things recommended by
632 -
ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﷲا ﻲﺿر سﺎﺒﻋ ﻦﺑا ﻦﻋو
لﺎﻗ :
ﷲا لﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
ﺲﻴﻘﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﺞﺷﻷ
ﺎﻤﻬﺒﺤﻳ ﻦﻴﺘﻠﺼﺧ ﻚﻴﻓ نإ
ﷲا :
ةﺎﻧﻷاو ﻢﻠﺤﻟا
« .
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said to Ashaj Abdul-Qais
(May Allah be pleased with him),
"You possess two qualities that Allah loves. These are clemency and tolerance.''
This Hadith teaches us to adopt a patient, mild and discreet attitude towards others. Moreover, there
is a provision for praising somebody in his presence, provided there is no likelihood of his being conceited. The
Hadith also provides inspiration for the cultivation of good habits.
633 -
ﺖﻟﺎﻗ ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﷲا ﻲﺿر ﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ﻦﻋو
ﻢﻠﺳو ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﷲا ﻰﻠﺻ ﷲا لﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
ﻖѧﻓﱢﺮﻟا ّﺐﺤُﻳ ﻖﻴﻓر ﷲا نإ
ﻪﻠآ ﺮﻣﻷا ﻲﻓ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻖﻔﺘﻣ
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Allah is Forbearer
and loves forbearance in all matters.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Mildness also brings human beings closer to one another, and on this count, Allah likes it very much.
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"Allah is Forbearer and He loves
forbearance, and rewards for forbearance while He does not reward severity, and does not give for any thing besides
it (forbearance).''
Mildness is the opposite of harshness. Allah enjoins softness and dislikes stiffness in human
relations. Allah assures of reward for gentle behaviour in society, not for unkindness or anything like that. However,
inflexibility is preferred to flexibility when there arises a question of religious matters and the limits set by Allah.
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"Whenever forbearance is added
to something, it adorns it; and whenever it is withdrawn from something, it leaves it defective.''
To be soft-spoken is such a quality that by virtue of which a man is not only endeared to people but
also to Allah. And by being bereft of it, he not only becomes a contempt incarnate in the eyes of people but also with
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A bedouin urinated in the mosque and some people
rushed to beat him up. The Prophet (PBUH) said:
"Leave him alone and pour a bucket of water over it. You have
been sent to make things easy and not to make them difficult.''
This Hadith brings into light the fact that leniency is also vitally needed in the sphere of education
and discipline. This is particularly true in the case of ignorant and ill-bred people. This is so because if they are
treated unkindly, they will become more indocile on account of their wild temperament and foolishness. A kind
handling is indispensable for putting them to discipline, even if they make desperate blunders. This Hadith is very
beneficial with regard to the way of Da`wah, guidance and practical education. Another point this Hadith discloses
is that the flow of water can wipe out dirt and impurity, and make the place free from its effect.
Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"Make things easy and do not
make them difficult, cheer the people up by conveying glad tidings to them and do not repulse (them).''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith informs us that preaching, sermons, religious discourses and moral advice all should
concentrate on such things as may be helpful to people in being inclined towards gaining religious knowledge.