Page 286 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 78
ﻢﻬﺘﺤﻴﺼﻧو ﻢهﺎﻳﺎﻋﺮﺑ ﻖﻓﺮﻟﺎﺑ رﻮﻣﻷا ةﻻو ﺮﻣأ بﺎﺑ
Obligation of Rulers to show Kindness to their Subjects
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"And be kind and humble to the believers who follow you.'' (26:215)
"Verily, Allah enjoins Al-`Adl (justice) and Al-Ihsan (performing duties in a perfect manner), and giving
(help) to kith and kin, and forbids Al-Fahsha' evil deeds and Al-Munkar (all that is prohibited) and Al-Baghy
(oppression). He admonishes you, that you may take heed.''
لﺎﻗ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﺮﻤﻋ ﻦﺑا ﻦﻋو
لﻮﻘﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ُﺖﻌِﻤﺳ
، ٍعار ﻢُﻜﱡﻠُآ
ِﻪِﺘﻴِﻋر ْﻦﻋ ٌلوﺆﺴﻣ ْﻢُﻜﱡﻠُآو
، ِﻪِﺘﱠﻴِﻋَر ْﻦﻋ ٌلوﺆﺴﻣَو ِﻪِﻠهأ ﻲﻓ ٍعاَر ُﻞُﺟﱠﺮﻟاو ، ِﻪِﺘﱠﻴِﻋر ْﻦَﻋ ٌلوُﺆْﺴَﻣو ٍعار ُمﺎﻣﻹا
ار ُةَأﺮَﻤﻟاَو
، ِﻪِﺘﻴِﻋَر ْﻦَﻋ ٌلوُﺆﺴَﻣَو ِﻩِﺪﱢﻴَﺳ لﺎﻣ ﻲﻓ ٍعاَر ُمِدﺎَﺨﻟاو ، ﺎﻬِﺘﱠﻴِﻋر ْﻦَﻋ ﺔﻟوﺆﺴﻣَو ﺎﻬﺟوَز ِﺖﻴﺑ ﻲﻓ ٌﺔﻴﻋ
ِﻪِﺘﱠﻴِﻋر ْﻦَﻋ ٌلوُﺆﺴﻣو عار ﻢُﻜﱡﻠُآو
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: I heard Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying,
"All of you
are guardians and are responsible for your wards. The ruler is a guardian and responsible for his subjects; the man is
a guardian and responsible for his family; the woman is a guardian and is responsible for her husbands house and his
offspring; and so all of you are guardians and are responsible for your wards.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith has already been mentioned in the chapter pertaining to the duties of a wife to her
husband. Its repetition in this chapter is meant to remind rulers that if they are negligent of the duties devolved upon
their shoulders, they will be wrongdoers to Allah and put to reckoning on the Day of Resurrection.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍرﺎَﺴَﻳ ﻦﺑ ﻞِﻘْﻌَﻣ ﻰﻠْﻌَﻳ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
ﻟا لﻮﺳر ُﺖﻌﻤﺳ
لﻮﻘﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠ
َﺔﱠﻨَﺠﻟا ِﻪﻴَﻠﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َمﱠﺮَﺣ ﱠﻻإ ، ِﻪِﺘﱠﻴِﻋَﺮِﻟ ٌشﺎَﻏ َﻮُهو ُتﻮﻤَﻳ َمﻮﻳ ُتﻮُﻤَﻳ ، ًﺔﱠﻴﻋر ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﻪﻴِﻋﺮﺘﺴﻳ ٍﺪﺒﻋ ﻦِﻣ ﺎﻣ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ .
ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ﺔﱠﻨَﺠﻟا َﺔَﺤﺋاَر ﺪِﺠﻳ ﻢﻟ ِﻪﺤْﺼُﻨِﺑ ﺎَﻬﻄُﺤَﻳ ﻢَﻠَﻓ
ﻢﻠـﺴﻤﻟ ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓ
ُﻢُﻬَﻌَﻣ ﻞُﺧﺪَﻳ ﻢَﻟ ﱠﻻإ ،ﻢُﻬﻟ ُﺢﺼْﻨَﻳو ، ﻢُﻬَﻟ ُﺪَﻬﺠَﻳ ﻻ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، َﻦﻴﻤِﻠﺴُﻤﻟا َرﻮﻣُأ ﻲِﻠَﻳ ٍﺮﻴِﻣَأ ﻦِﻣ ﺎﻣ
Abu Ya`la Ma`qil bin Yasar (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Any slave whom Allah makes him in charge of subjects and he dies while he is not sincere to them, Allah will
make Jannah unlawful for him.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Another narration is: Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said,
"He who does not look after his subjects with goodwill and
sincerity, will be deprived of the fragrance of Jannah.''
A narration in Muslim is: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"A ruler who, having control over the affairs of the
Muslims, does not strive diligently for their betterment and does not serve them sincerely, will not enter Jannah with
Here the attention of rulers has been invited to their obligations. They are told that their designation
is very important because they are responsible for tackling the problems and affairs of millions of people. If their
single-minded devotion, determined efforts and heartfelt feelings of well-wishing will not go to solving these
problems, they will be deemed guilty by Allah. Rulers are, therefore, warned, lest power should go to their head and
make them unheedful of people's problems, rights and concerns. Instead being fully conscious of their accountability
to Allah (SWT) they are apt to make full efforts to provide justice and peace to people. By "forbid from entering
Jannah'' means they will not enter it with the first successful people until they get punished for their wrongdoings. If
however, they were treacherous to their subjects while regarding this injustice lawful, thus disobeying Allah and His
Commands, they will stay in Hell forever because this way they have made permissible and lawful what Allah has