Page 29 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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2. Anyone who gets furious quickly should be advised again and again to control his anger so that he becomes
conscious of this weakness and tries to overcome it.
3. Rage is a means of fulfillment of satanic aims; so it is a great evil and people are advised to make every effort to
prevent themselves from this satanic device.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر َةﺮْﻳَﺮُه ﻲﺑأ ْﻦَﻋَو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
ِﻦِﻣْﺆُﻤْﻟﺎِﺑ ُءﻼَﺒْﻟا لاَﺰَﻳ ﺎَﻣ
ِﺪَﻟوَو ِﻪِﺴْﻔَﻧ ﻲﻓ ِﺔَﻨِﻣﺆﻤْﻟاَو
ٌﺔَﺌﻴِﻄَﺧ ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ﺎَﻣَو ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻰَﻘْﻠَﻳ ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ ِﻪِﻟﺎَﻣو ِﻩ
لﺎﻗو ﱡيﺬِﻣْﺮﱢﺘﻟا ﻩاور
ٌﻦﺴﺣ ٌﺚﻳﺪﺣ
ٌﺢﻴِﺤﺻ .
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"A Muslim, male or
female, continues to remain under trial in respect of his life, property and offspring until he faces Allah, the Exalted,
with no sin record".
We come to know from this Hadith that Muslims are special targets of trials, but a redeeming feature
of these trials is that Muslims' sins are pardoned through them provided they remain firm in their Faith and patience.
لﺎﻗ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍسﺎَﺒَﻋ ﻦْﺑا ْﻦَﻋَو
َنﺎَآَو ، ٍﺲْﻴَﻗ ِﻦْﺑ ﺮُﺤْﻟا ِﻪِﻴﺧَأ ِﻦْﺑا ﻰَﻠَﻋ َلﺰَﻨَﻓ ٍﻦْﺼِﺣ ُﻦْﺑ ﺔَﻨْﻴَﻴُﻋ َمِﺪَﻗ
َو ﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺮَﻤُﻋ ِﺲِﻠْﺠَﻣ َبﺎﺤْﺻَأ ُءاﱠﺮُﻘْﻟا َنﺎَآَو ، ُﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿر ُﺮﻤُﻋ ْﻢِﻬﻴِﻧْﺪُﻳ ﻦﻳِﺬﱠﻟا ِﺮَﻔﱠﻨﻟا ﻦِﻣ
ِﻪِﻴﺧَأ ِﻦْﺑﻻ ُﺔَﻨْﻴﻴُﻋ َلﺎَﻘَﻓ ، ًﺎﻧﺎﱠﺒُﺷ ْوَأ اﻮُﻧﺎَآ ًﻻﻮﻬُآ
، ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ﻰﻟ ْنِذْﺄَﺘْﺳﺎَﻓ ِﺮﻴِﻣﻷا اَﺬَه َﺪْﻨِﻋ ٌﻪْﺟَو َﻚَﻟ ﻰِﺧَأ َﻦْﺑا ﺎَﻳ
ُﺮﻤُﻋ ُﻪَﻟ َنِذَﺄَﻓ َنذﺄَﺘﺳﺎﻓ
َلﺎَﻗ َﻞَﺧد ﺎﱠﻤَﻠَﻓ
ُﺗ ﺎَﻣ ﻪﱠﻠﻟاَﻮَﻓ ، بﺎﱠﻄَﺨْﻟا َﻦْﺑا ﺎﻳ ْﻲِه
، لْﺪَﻌْﻟﺎﺑ ﺎَﻨﻴِﻓ ُﻢُﻜْﺤَﺗ ﻻَو َلْﺰَﺠْﻟا ﺎَﻨﻴِﻄْﻌ
ﱡﺮُﺤْﻟا ُﻪَﻟ َلﺎَﻘَﻓ ِﻪِﺑ َﻊِﻗﻮُﻳ ْنَأ ﱠﻢَه ﻰﱠﺘﺣ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ُﺮَﻤُﻋ َﺐِﻀَﻐَﻓ
ِﻪﱢﻴِﺒﻨِﻟ لﺎَﻗ ﻰﻟﺎَﻌﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠنِإ َﻦﻴِﻨِﻣْﺆُﻤْﻟا َﺮﻴِﻣَأ ﺎﻳ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ
ْﺮُﻣْأَو َﻮْﻔَﻌْﻟا ِﺬُﺧ
َﻦﻴﻠهﺎﺠﻟا ِﻦَﻋ ْ
ضِﺮْﻋَأَو ِفْﺮُﻌْﻟﺎﺑ
فاﺮﻋﻷا ةرﻮﺳ
: 198 [
ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِبﺎَﺘِآ ﺪْﻨِﻋ ًﺎﻓﺎﱠﻗَو َنﺎَآو ، ﺎهﻼﺗ َﻦﻴِﺣ ُﺮَﻤُﻋ ﺎهَزَوﺎﺟ ﺎﻣ ﻪﱠﻠﻟاَو ، َﻦﻴﻠهﺎﺠﻟا َﻦِﻣ اَﺬَه
ىرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: 'Uyainah bin Hisn came to Al-Madinah and stayed with
his nephew Hurr bin Qais who was among those whom Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) showed favour to.
The knowledgeable people (Qurra'), whether they were old or young, had the privilege of joining Umar's council
and he used to consult them. 'Uyainah said to Hurr: "My nephew, the Leader of the Believers shows favour to you.
Will you obtain permission for me to sit with him?'' Hurr asked `Umar and he accorded permission. When `Uyainah
came into the presence of `Umar, he addressed him thus: "O son of Khattab, you neither bestow much on us nor deal
with us justly.'' `Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) got angry and was about to beat him up when Hurr said: ``O
Leader of the Believers, Allah said to His Prophet (PBUH):
' Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away
from the foolish (i.e., don't punish them)
.' (7:199) This one is from the ignorants. When Hurr recited this, `Umar
became quite motionless in his seat. He always adhered strictly to the Book of Allah.
1. In this Hadith, the word `Qurra' does not stand for the kind of the `Qurra'
of the present age who are
only professional in the art of reciting the Qur'an and have a melodious voice, but what it really meant was the class
of scholars who were well-versed in its meanings and implications and who could thoroughly distinguish between
the lawful and the unlawful, fair and foul. Such men used to be the companions of the early noble caliphs. It leads to
the conclusion that rulers should choose their advisors from religious scholars and not from those who are given to
the world and whose sole aim in life is to amass wealth rather than care about the welfare of the people and whose
advice is based on selfish motives and vested interests.
2. Since scholarship and piousness are the foremost qualifications for counsellors and advisors, there is no restriction
of age for them.
3. The ruler should always be very considerate and tolerant.
4. The ruler should never hesitate from accepting truth and righteousness.
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﱠنأ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍدﻮُﻌْﺴﻣ ِﻦْﺑا ﻦَﻋو
ٌرﻮُﻣُأَو ٌةَﺮَﺛَأ ىِﺪْﻌَﺑ ُنﻮُﻜﺘَﺳ ﺎَﻬﱠﻧِإ
، ﺎﻬَﻧوﺮِﻜْﻨُﺗ
َلﺎﻗ ؟ ﺎﻧُﺮﻣﺄَﺗ ﺎﻤَﻓ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳر ﺎﻳ
ْﻢُﻜﻟ يﺬﻟا ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َنﻮﻟﺄْﺴَﺗو ْﻢُﻜْﻴَﻠَﻋ يﺬﱠﻟا ﱠﻖﺤْﻟا َن
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ .
» ُةَﺮَﺛَﻷاو «
ﱞﻖﺣ ِﻪﻴﻓ ُﻪَﻟ ْﻦﱠﻤﻋ ِءْﻲﺸﻟﺎﺑ ُداﺮﻔﻧﻻا
Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"You will see after me
favouritism and things which you will disapprove of.''
They submitted: "What do you order us to do (under such
circumstances)?'' He replied,
"Discharge your obligations and ask your rights from Allah".
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].