Page 297 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 82
ﻦﻣ ﻢهﺮﻳﺬﺤﺗو ﺢﻟﺎﺻ ﺮﻳزو ذﺎﺨﺗا ﻰﻠﻋ رﻮﻣﻷا ةﻻو ﻦﻣ ﺎﻤهﺮﻴﻏو ﻲﺿﺎﻘﻟاو نﺎﻄﻠﺴﻟا ﱠﺚﺣ بﺎﺑ
ﻢﻬﻨﻣ لﻮﺒﻘﻟاو ءﻮﺴﻟا ءﺎﻧﺮﻗ
Appointment of Pious Governors, Advisors and Judges
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"Friends of that Day will be foes one to another except Al-Muttaqun: (i.e., pious and righteous persons).''
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر نأ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ةﺮﻳﺮه ﻲﺑأو ٍﺪﻴﻌﺳ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋ
ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﺚَﻌَﺑ ﺎَﻣ
ِنﺎَﺘﻧﺎَﻄِﺑ ُﻪَﻟ ْﺖَﻧﺎَآ ﱠﻻإ ٍﺔَﻔﻴﻠَﺧ ْﻦِﻣ ﻒَﻠْﺨَﺘﺳا ﻻو ، ﻲﺒﻧ ﻦِﻣ
ُﻩُﺮُﻣْﺄَﺗ ٌﺔَﻧﺎَﻄِﺑ
ٌﺔَﻧﺎَﻄِﺑو ، ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ُﻪﱡﻀُﺤﺗَو ِفوُﺮْﻌَﻤﻟﺎِﺑ
ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻢَﺼَﻋ ﻦﻣ ُمﻮُﺼﻌَﻤﻟاو ِﻪﻴﻠﻋ ُﻪﱡﻀُﺤﺗو ﱢﺮﱠﺸﻟﺎِﺑ ُﻩُﺮُﻣْﺄَﺗ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
Abu Sa`id and Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Allah neither raised up any Prophet nor did He authorize any person with ruling power but for whom there were
two types of entourage: one enjoins upon him to do good and incites him to carry it out, and the other enjoins evil
and goads him; and the protected (from the bad entourage) is the one whom Allah protects.''
A ruler has been told here that Taqwa (consciousness and fear of Allah), honesty, integrity and
ability are the prerequisites to chosing anybody as his aide or advisor. Prior to their nomination, he should check up
the reputation of his advisors. This precautionary measure will serve as a safeguard against the spread of corruption
in society and serve the cause of goodness. Secondly, a ruler should obey the Commands of Allah and His
Messenger (PBUH) because this discipline will not only keep him safe from making faults but will also serve as a
shield against the machinations of wicked people.
ْﺖﻟﺎﻗ ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﺔﺸﺋﺎﻋ ﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
ِﺮﻴِﻣﻷﺎﺑ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َداَرأ اذإ
، ٍءﻮُﺳ َﺮﻳِزَو ﻪﻟ َﻞَﻌﺟ ﻚﻟذ َﺮﻴَﻏ ِﻪﺑ داَرَأ اذإَو ، ُﻪَﻧﺎَﻋأ َﺮَآَذ نإَو ، ُﻩﺮﱠآذ ﻲﺴَﻧ نإ ، ٍقﺪِﺻ َﺮﻳزو ﻪﻟ َﻞَﻌَﺟ ، ًاﺮﻴﺧ
َﺬُﻳ ﻢﻟ ﻲﺴَﻧ نإ
ُﻪْﻨِﻌُﻳ ﻢﻟ َﺮَآَذ نإَو ، ﻩﺮﱢآ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ طﺮﺷ ﻰﻠﻋ ٍﺪﻴﺟ دﺎﻨﺳﺈﺑ دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"When Allah desires
good for a ruler, He appoints for him a sincere adviser who will remind him if he forgets and helps him if he
remembers. When Allah wishes for him the contrary, He appoints for him a bad adviser who will not remind him if
he forgets, nor will he help him if he remembers.''
In the recruitment of good and scrupulous aides lies the Blessing of Allah to a ruler because such
aides will prove helpful to him in making sound judgements, reaching right conclusions and guarding him against
leaning towards evil ways. Yet, if all of these aides are self-seekers, flatterers and corrupt, they will undoubtedly
influence his decision-making in a bad way. And one can believe that the end of the ruler will be far from being
desirable because history also supports this view. As for the Hereafter, he will be hardly safe from the infernal