Page 31 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 4
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"O you who believe! Be afraid of Allah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds)".
"...the men and women who are truthful (in their speech and deeds)..".
"...then if they had been true to Allah, it would have been better for them".
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍدﻮُﻌْﺴَﻣ ِﻦْﺑا ﻦَﻋ
ﻰَﻟِإ يِﺪْﻬَﻳ َقْﺪﱠﺼﻟا ﱠنِإ
ِإو ، ًﺎﻘﻳﱢﺪِﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﺪْﻨِﻋ َﺐَﺘﻜُﻳ ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ ُقُﺪْﺼﻴﻟ َﻞُﺟﱠﺮﻟا ﱠنِإَو ، ِﺔﱠﻨَﺠﻟا ﻰَﻟِإ يِﺪْﻬَﻳ ﱠﺮِﺒْﻟا ﱠنِإَو ﱢﺮِﺒْﻟا
ﻰَﻟِإ يِﺪْﻬَﻳ َبِﺬَﻜْﻟا ﱠن
ًﺎﺑاﱠﺬَآ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﺪْﻨِﻋ َﺐَﺘﻜُﻳ ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ ُبِﺬْﻜَﻴَﻟ َﻞُﺟﱠﺮﻟا ﱠنِإَو ، ِرﺎﱠﻨﻟا ﻰَﻟِإ يِﺪْﻬَﻳ َرﻮُﺠﻔﻟا ﱠنِإَو ِرﻮُﺠﻔﻟا
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abdullah bin Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"Truth leads to piety
and piety leads to Jannah. A man persists in speaking the truth till he is enrolled with Allah as a truthful. Falsehood
leads to vice and vice leads to the Fire (Hell), and a person persists on telling lies until he is enrolled as a liar".'
[Agreed upon].
Siddiq (
) and Kadhdhab (
) both are adjectives of intensive degree. That is to say, the
words stand respectively for someone whose truth has become his second nature; and in the opposite case, one is a
liar who is in the habit of telling lies. As one acquires a reputation in this world for his good or bad deeds similar is
his position before Allah. One who is ranked among the truthful with Him is entitled to reward, and if one is a liar,
he has to suffer retribution for it. This Hadith provides incentive for truthfulness because it is a source of every good
deed and contains a warning against lying as it gives rise to all kinds of mischief.
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِلﻮﺳر ْﻦِﻣ ُﺖْﻈِﻔﺣ َلﺎَﻗ ، ﺎﻤﻬْﻨَﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿَر ، ٍﺐِﻟﺎَﻃ ﻲﺑأ ِﻦْﺑ ﱢﻲِﻠَﻋ ِﻦْﺑ ِﻦﺴَﺤْﻟا ٍﺪﱠﻤَﺤُﻣ ﻲﺑأ ْﻦَﻋ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ
ٌﺔﺒﻳِر َبِﺬَﻜْﻟاَو ،ٌﺔَﻨﻴﻧﺄﻤُﻃ َقْﺪﱢﺼﻟا ﱠنِﺈَﻓ ، َﻚُﺒﻳﺮَﻳ ﻻ ﺎَﻣ ﻰَﻟِإ َﻚُﺒﻳِﺮَﻳ ﺎﻣ ْعَد
يﺬﻣْﺮِﺘﻟا ﻩ
لﺎﻗو :
ٌﺢﻴﺤﺻ ٌﺚﻳﺪﺣ
» َﻚُﺒﻳِﺮﻳ
ُﻩﺎﻨْﻌَﻣَو ، ﺎﻬﱢﻤَﺿو ءﺎﻴﻟا ِﺢﺘﻔﺑ َﻮُه
ﻪﻴﻓ ﱡﻚُﺸَﺗ ﻻ ﺎَﻣ ﻰﻟِإ ْلِﺪْﻋاو ، ﻪﱢﻠِﺣ ﻲﻓ ﱡﻚُﺸَﺗ ﺎﻣ ْكُﺮْﺗا
Hasan bin `Ali (May Allah be pleased with them) said: I remember (these words) from Messenger of Allah
"Give up what is doubtful to you for that which is not doubtful; for truth is peace of mind and falsehood is
This Hadith leads us to the conclusion that one must always avoid doubtful things so that he does not
do anything unlawful. This message is repeated in another Hadith which says that he who has saved himself from
doubts has in fact saved his Faith and honour.
ٍبﺮَﺣ ِﻦْﺑ ِﺮْﺨَﺻ َنﺎﻴْﻔُﺳ ﻲﺑأ ْﻦﻋ
ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر
ُﻞْﻗﺮِه َلﺎَﻗ ، ُﻞْﻗﺮِه ِﺔﱠﺼِﻗ ﻲﻓ ِﻞﻳﻮﱠﻄﻟا ﻪِﺜﻳﺪﺣ ﻲﻓ
َنﺎَﻴْﻔُﺳ ﻮُﺑَأ َلﺎَﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﻲﻨْﻌﻳ ْﻢُآُﺮُﻣْﺄَﻳ اَذﺎﻤَﻓ
: ُﺖْﻠُﻗ :
ُﻩَﺪْﺣَو َﻪﱠﻠﻟا اوُﺪُﺒْﻋا
اﻮُآِﺮﺸُﺗ ﻻ
ِﺔَﻠﱢﺼﻟاو ، ِفﺎَﻔﻌْﻟاو ، ِقﺪﱢﺼﻟاو ِةﻼﱠﺼﻟﺎﺑ ﺎَﻧﺮُﻣْﺄَﻳو ، ْﻢُآُؤﺎﺑﺁ ُلﻮُﻘَﻳ ﺎﻣ اﻮُآُﺮْﺗاو ، ًﺎﺌْﻴَﺷ ِﻪِﺑ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Sufyan (May Allah be pleased with him) reported, in course of his detailed narration about Heraclius when
the latter questioned him about the teachings of the Prophet (PBUH) He said that: He (PBUH) told (us):
Allah Alone and do not associate a thing with Him; and give up all that your ancestors said. "
He also commands us
to perform Salat (prayers), to speak the truth, to observe modesty and to strengthen the ties of kinship
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
In this Hadith an enemy of the Prophet (PBUH) acknowledges the veracity of the Prophet's teaching,
because Abu Sufyan (May Allah be pleased with him) made this admission when he was a pagan. This Hadith is
mentioned in detail in Sahih Al-Bukhari.
َﻞﻴِﻗو ، ٍﺖِﺑﺎَﺛ ﻲﺑأ ْﻦَﻋ
َﻞﻴِﻗو ، ٍﺪﻴﻌﺳ ﻲﺑأ
ﻲﺿر ، ﱞيِرﺪﺑ َﻮُهَو ، ٍﻒْﻴﻨُﺣ ِﻦْﺑ ِﻞْﻬَﺳ ، ِﺪﻴِﻟﻮْﻟا ﻲﺑأ
ﱠﻲﺒﻨﻟا نَأ ، ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ
َلِزﺎَﻨَﻣ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻪﻐﱠﻠَﺑ ٍقْﺪِﺼِﺑ ةَدﺎَﻬﱢﺸﻟا ﻰَﻟﺎﻌﺗ ، َﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلَﺄَﺳ ْﻦَﻣ
ِﻪِﺷاﺮِﻓ ﻰَﻠَﻋ َتﺎَﻣ ْنِإو ، ءاَﺪﻬﱡﺸﻟا
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور