Page 311 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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ﺜُﻤﻟا ِءﺎﺜﻟا ﻢﻀﺑ
ﺔﻌﻴﺠَﻔﻟاَو ﺔﺒﻴِﺼُﻤﻟا
ﻲﻧﺮَﻬَآ ﺎﻣ
ﻲﻧَﺮﻬﻧ ﺎﻣ ْيأ
Mu`awiyah bin Al-Hakam As-Sulami (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: While I was in Salat with
Messenger of Allah (PBUH), a man in the congregation sneezed and I responded with: `Yarhamuk-Allah (Allah
have mercy on you).' The people stared at me with disapproving looks. So I said: "May my mother lose me. Why are
you staring at me?'' Thereupon, they began to strike their thighs with their hands. When I saw them urging to me to
remain silent, I became angry but restrained myself. When Messenger of Allah (PBUH) concluded his Salat. I have
never before seen an instructor who gave better instruction than he, may my father and mother be sacrificed for him.
He neither remonstrated me, nor beat me, nor abused me. He simply said,
"It is not permissible to talk during Salat
because it consists of glorifying Allah, declaring His Greatness as well as recitation of the Qur'an,''
or he said words
to that effect.'' I said: "O Allah's Messenger, I have but recently accepted Islam, and Allah has favoured us with
Islam. There are still some people among us who go to consult soothsayers.'' He said,
"Do not consult them.
'' Then I
said: "There are some of us who are guided by omens.'' He said,
"These things which come to their minds. They
should not be influenced by them.''
This Hadith emphasizes four points. Firstly, as no talk is allowed in Salat (prayer), nobody can utter
benedictory words for a sneezer either. Secondly, this Hadith throws light on the Prophet's way of imparting moral
instruction to others. He would prudently enlighten ignorant people on Islam, avoiding to express his resentment
over their lapses which simply betrayed their lack of knowledge. This has a lesson for `Ulama' and preachers.
Thirdly, Muslims are prohibited from consulting soothsayers. Fourthly, belief in bad omens is also prohibited.
Divinations and presages were the popular fallacies of Arabs in the pre-Islamic epoch. Islam abolished them. Yet,
once again these absurdities have caught the fancy of ignorant Muslims. May Allah guide them!
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َﺔﻳرﺎَﺳ ﻦﺑ ضﺎﺑْﺮِﻌﻟا ﻦﻋو
ْﺖَﻠِﺟَو ًﺔَﻈِﻋْﻮَﻣ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ﺎَﻨَﻈﻋَو
بﻮُﻠُﻘﻟا ﺎْﻬﻨِﻣ
، ِﺔﱠﻨﱡﺴﻟا ﻰﻠﻋ ِﺔﻈَﻓﺎﺤُﻤﻟﺎﺑ ﺮﻣﻷا بﺎﺑ ﻲﻓ ِﻪِﻟﺎﻤَﻜِﺑ ﻖﺒَﺳ ْﺪﻗَو ، َﺚﻳِﺪﺤﻟا َﺮَآَذَو نﻮُﻴُﻌﻟا ﺎﻬْﻨِﻣ ْﺖَﻓِرَذَو
ٌﺢﻴﺤﺻ ٌﻦﺴﺣ ﺚﻳﺪﺣ ﻪﻧإ لﺎﻗ ﱠيﺬِﻣْﺮﱢﺘﻟا ﱠنَأ
`Irbad bin Sariyah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
One day, Messenger of Allah (PBUH) delivered
a very effective speech, as a result, eyes shed tears and hearts became softened. A man said: "O Prophet of Allah! It
sounds as if this is a farewell speech, so advise us.'' He (PBUH) said, "I admonish you to fear Allah, and to listen
and obey even if a black slave has been appointed as your leader. For whoever among you lives after me will see
much discord. So hold fast to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs who will come after me.
Adhere to them and hold fast to them. Beware of Bid`ah (in religion) because every Bid`ah is a misguidance.''
[Abu Da wud and At-Tirmidhi].
According to this Hadith, the best sermon may be defined as brief, comprehensive, appealing and
beneficial. Refer to the Commentary on Hadith No. 185.