Page 327 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Book Two: The Book about the Etiquette of Eating
مﺎﻌﻄﻟا بﺎﺘآ
Chapter 100
ﺔﻴﻤﺴﺘﻟا بﺎﺑ
ﻩﺮﺧﺁ ﻲﻓ ﺪﻤﺤﻟاو ﻪﻟوأ ﻲﻓ
Mentioning Bismillah before and saying Al-Hamdulillah after Eating
لﺎﻗ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﺔَﻤَﻠﺳ ﻲﺑأ ِﻦﺑ َﺮَﻤُﻋ ﻦﻋ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر ﻲﻟ لﺎﻗ
ْﻞُآو ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱢﻢَﺳ
َﻚﻴِﻠَﻳ ﺎﱠﻤِﻣ ْﻞُآو ، َﻚﻨﻴِﻤﻴِﺑ
ﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
ﻪﻴﻠ .
`Umar bin Abu Salamah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH), said to me,
"Mention Allah's Name (i.e., say Bismillah before starting eating), eat with your right hand, and eat from what is
near you.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
There are two things about this Hadith. First, we should start eating or drinking by pronouncing the
Name of Allah. Second, we should eat from our side without stretching our hand to the side where someone else is
eating. This may be the case when more than one or two people are eating the same kind of food from a single dish.
Good manners do not allow it, yet in case a variety of food or fruit is lying before us on the table, we are free to take
our pick.
ْﺖَﻟﺎﻗ ﺎﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﺔﺸﺋﺎَﻋ ﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر َلﺎﻗ
َﻢْﺳا ﺮُآْﺬَﻴﻠَﻓ ْﻢُآُﺪَﺣَأ ﻞآأ اذإ
ْﻞُﻘَﻴﻠَﻓ ،ِﻪِﻟﱠوَأ ﻲﻓ ﻰَﻟﺎَﻌَﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻢْﺳا َﺮُآْﺬَﻳ ْنَأ ﻲﺴﻧ ْنﺈﻓ ،ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا
ُﻩَﺮِﺧﺁَو ُﻪَﻟﱠوَأ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﻢْﺴِﺑ
اد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
لﺎﻗو ،يﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟاو ،دو
ﺢﻴﺤﺻ ﻦﺴﺣ ﺚﻳﺪﺣ
`Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"When any of you wants
to eat, he should mention the Name of Allah in the begining, (i.e., say Bismillah). If he forgets to do it in the
beginning, he should say Bismillah awwalahu wa akhirahu (I begin with the Name of Allah at the beginning and at
the end).''
[At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud].
This Hadith provides us a concession. If we have forgotten to pronounce the Name of Allah before
beginning to eat, we can do it during eating or in the end.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ،ٍﺮِﺑﺎﺟ ﻦﻋو
ُلﻮﻘﻳ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ُﺖﻌِﻤَﺳ
ﺪْﻨِﻋ ﻰﻟﺎَﻌﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﺮَآَﺬَﻓ ،ُﻪَﺘْﻴﺑ ﻞُﺟﱠﺮﻟا ﻞﺧد اذِإ
ِﻪِﺑﺎَﺤﺻَﻷ ُنﺎﻄْﻴﱠﺸﻟا لﺎﻗ ،ِﻪِﻣﺎﻌَﻃ َﺪْﻨِﻋو ِﻪﻟﻮُﺧُد
ﺪْﻨِﻋ ﻰﻟﺎَﻌَﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺮُآﺬَﻳ ﻢَﻠَﻓ ،ﻞَﺧد اذإو ،َءﺎَﺸﻋ ﻻو ْﻢُﻜَﻟ َﺖﻴﺒﻣ ﻻ
ُنﺎَﻄْﻴﱠﺸﻟا لﺎﻗ ،ِﻪ
لﺎﻗ ِﻪِﻣﺎﻌَﻃ ﺪْﻨِﻋ ﻰﻟﺎَﻌﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﺮُآْﺬَﻳ ﻢَﻟ اذِإو ،ﺖﻴﺒﻤﻟا ُﻢﺘآرْدَأ
َءﺎﺸَﻌﻟاَو َﺖﻴﺒﻤﻟا ُﻢُﺘْآرْدَأ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying,
"If a person
mentions the Name of Allah upon entering his house or eating, Satan says, addressing his followers: `You will find
no where to spend the night and no dinner.' But if he enters without mentioning the Name of Allah, Satan says (to
his followers); `You have found (a place) to spend the night in, and if he does not mention the Name of Allah at the
time of eating, Satan says: `You have found (a place) to spend the night in as well as food.'''
Herein, we are told that in order to ward off Satan and his followers, we are supposed to remember
Allah before entering our house and before beginning to eat. The remembrance of Allah implies those appropriate
prayers of the Prophet (PBUH) which have been mentioned in Ahadith. For example, we are instructed to pronounce
the Name of Allah before beginning to eat. On entering our house we recite the following Prophetic prayer:
"Allahumma inni as'aluka khairal-mawliji wa khairal-makhraji. Bismillahi wa lajna, wa bismillahi kharajna, wa `al-
Allahi rabbina tawakkalna.'' (O Allah! I ask you for what is good of entrance and what is good for exit. With the
Name of Allah do we enter, and with the Name of Allah do we leave, and upon our Rubb Allah have we put our