Page 34 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 5
Allah, the Exalted, says:
"Who sees you (O Muhammad (PBUH)) when you stand up (alone at night for Tahajjud prayers). And your
movements among those who fall prostrate (to Allah in the five compulsory congregational prayers)".
"And He is with you (by His Knowledge) wheresoever you may be".
"Truly, nothing is hidden from Allah, in the earth or in the heaven".
"Verily, your Rubb is Ever Watchful (over them)".
"Allah knows the fraud of the eyes, and all that the breasts conceal".
ُلﱠوَﻷﺎﻓ ، ُﺚﻳدﺎﺣﻷا ﺎﱠﻣَأو
ِﻦﺑ َﺮﻤُﻋ ْﻦَﻋ
لﺎﻗ ، ﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ، ِبﺎﻄﺨﻟا
ِلﻮﺳر ﺪْﻨِﻋ ٌسﻮُﻠُﺟ ُﻦْﺤَﻧ ﺎﻤﻨْﻴَﺑ
ﻻ ، ﺮْﻌﱠﺸﻟا ِداﻮﺳ ُﺪﻳﺪﺷ ، ِبﺎﻴﱢﺜﻟا ِ
ضﺎﻴﺑ ُﺪﻳﺪَﺷ ٌﻞُﺟر ﺎَﻨْﻴَﻠَﻋ ﻊﻠَﻃ ْذِإ ٍمْﻮَﻳ تاَذ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا
ٌﺪﺣَأ ﺎﱠﻨﻣ ُﻪُﻓِﺮْﻌَﻳ ﻻو ، ِﺮَﻔﱠﺴﻟا ﺮَﺛَأ ِﻪْﻴﻠﻋ
ِﻪْﻴﺘَﺒآُر ﻰَﻟِإ ِﻪْﻴَﺘَﺒْآَر َﺪَﻨْﺳَﺄَﻓ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲِﺒﱠﻨﻟا ﻰَﻟِإ َﺲَﻠَﺟ ﻰﱠﺘﺣ ،
لﺎﻗو ِﻪﻳﺬِﺨﻓ ﻰَﻠَﻋ ﻪْﻴﱠﻔآ ﻊﺿَوَو ،
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر َلﺎﻘﻓ مﻼﺳﻹا ﻦﻋ ﻲِﻧْﺮِﺒﺧَأ ُﺪﱠﻤﺤﻣ ﺎﻳ
ﻻ ْنَأ َﺪَﻬْﺸَﺗ ْنَأ ُمﻼﺳِﻹا
َنﺎَﻀﻣَر َمﻮُﺼﺗو ، َةﺎآﱠﺰﻟا َﻲِﺗﺆُﺗَو ، َةَﻼﱠﺼﻟا َﻢﻴِﻘُﺗَو ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر ًاﺪﱠﻤَﺤُﻣ ﱠنَأو ، ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠﻻِإ َﻪَﻟِإ
ًﻼﻴﺒَﺳ ِﻪْﻴَﻟِإ َﺖﻌَﻄَﺘﺳا ِنِإ َﺖْﻴﺒْﻟا ﱠﺞُﺤﺗو ،
لﺎﻗ :
َﺖﻗَﺪﺻ .
َلﺎَﻗ ، ُﻪُﻗﱢﺪﺼﻳو ُﻪُﻟَﺄْﺴﻳ ُﻪَﻟ ﺎﻨْﺒِﺠﻌَﻓ
ﻳِﻹا ﻦﻋ ﻲِﻧْﺮِﺒْﺧَﺄَﻓ
ِنﺎﻤ . َلﺎَﻗ
، ِﻪِﺘَﻜِﺋﻼﻣو ِﻪﱠﻠﻟﺎِﺑ ﻦِﻣْﺆُﺗ ْنَأ
ِﻩﱢﺮَﺷو ِﻩِﺮْﻴَﺧ ِرَﺪَﻘْﻟﺎﺑ َﻦِﻣﺆُﺗو ، ِﺮِﺧﻵا ِمﻮﻴْﻟاو ، ِﻪِﻠُﺳُرو ِﻪِﺒُﺘُآو
لﺎﻗ :
لﺎﻗ َﺖْﻗﺪﺻ :
ِنﺎﺴْﺣِﻹا ﻦﻋ ﻲِﻧْﺮِﺒْﺧَﺄﻓ
. لﺎﻗ
ُﻩاﺮَﺗ َﻚﱠﻧَﺄَآ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﺪُﺒْﻌَﺗ ْنَأ
ﱠﻧِﺈﻓ ُﻩاﺮَﺗ ْﻦُﻜَﺗ ْﻢَﻟ ْنِﺈﻓ
َكاﺮَﻳ ُﻪ
َلﺎَﻗ :
ِﺔﻋﺎﱠﺴﻟا ﻦﻋ ﻲِﻧْﺮِﺒْﺧَﺄَﻓ
. َلﺎَﻗ :
ﺎَﻬْﻨَﻋ ُلوُﺆْﺴﻤﻟا ﺎَﻣ
ِﻞِﺋﺎﱠﺴﻟا ﻦِﻣ َﻢَﻠْﻋَﺄﺑ
َلﺎَﻗ :
ﺎَﻬِﺗارﺎَﻣَأ ْﻦَﻋ ﻲِﻧْﺮﺒْﺧَﺄَﻓ
. َلﺎَﻗ
َﺔَﻟﺎﻌْﻟا َةاﺮُﻌْﻟا َةﺎَﻔُﺤﻟا ىﺮَﺗ ْنَأَو ، ﺎﻬَﺘﱠﺑر ُﺔَﻣَﻷا َﺪﻠﺗ ْنَأ
ا ﻲﻓ نﻮُﻟوﺎﻄَﺘﻳ ِءﺎﱠﺸﻟا َءﺎﻋِر
َلﺎَﻗ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ﺎﻴِﻠﻣ ُﺖْﺜﺒﻠﻓ ، َﻖَﻠﻄْﻧا ﱠﻢُﺛ
ُﻞِﺋﺎﱠﺴﻟا ِﻦﻣ يِرﺪَﺗَأ ، ُﺮﻤُﻋ ﺎﻳ
ُﺖﻠﻗ : ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا
َلﺎَﻗ ُﻢﻠْﻋَأ ُﻪُﻟﻮُﺳرو
ْﻢُﻜِﻨﻳِد ﻢﻜُﻤﱢﻠﻌُﻳ ْﻢُآﺎَﺗَأ ُﻞﻳِﺮْﺒِﺟ ُﻪﱠﻧِﺈَﻓ
ٌﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
ﻰَﻨْﻌﻣو :
ﺎَﻬَﺘﱠﺑر ُﺔﻣَﻷا ُﺪِﻠﺗ
، ﺎَهﺪﻴﺴِﻟ ًﺎﺘﻨِﺑ ُﺔﻳﱢﺮﺴﻟا ُﺔﻣﻷا ﺪﻠَﺗ ﻰﱠﺘﺣ يِراﺮﱠﺴﻟا َﺮُﺜْﻜﺗ ْنَأ ُﻩﺎﻨﻌﻣو ،
و َﻚِﻟَذ ُﺮﻴﻏ ﻞﻴِﻗو ، ِﺪﱢﻴﱠﺴﻟا ﻰَﻨﻌﻣ ﻲﻓ ِﺪﱢﻴﱠﺴﻟا ُﺖﻨْﺑو
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ًﺎﺛﻼَﺛ ﻚﻟذ َنﺎآو
'Umar bin Al-Khattab (May Allah be pleased with them) said: Once we were sitting in the company of
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) when there appeared a man dressed in very white clothes and having extraordinary
black hair. No signs of fatigue of journey appeared on him and he was known to none of us. He sat down facing the
Prophet (PBUH) leaning his knees against the knees of the Prophet (PBUH) and placing both of his palms over his
two thighs and said, "O Muhammad (PBUH)! Tell me about Islam". He (PBUH)replied,
"Islam is to testify that
none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and that Muhammad (PBUH) is the Messenger of Allah; that you
observe Salat (prayers), pay Zakat, observe Saum (fasting) of Ramadan and perform Hajj (pilgrimage) of the House,
provided you have resources of making journey to it.''
He replied: "You have spoken the truth". We were surprised
to see that he had asked him and confirmed the correctness of the answers. He then enquired: "Tell me about Iman".
He (PBUH) said.
"It is to believe in Allah, and His Books, and His Messengers and the Last Day and that you
believe in foreordainment, its bad and good consequences.''
He said, "You have spoken the truth.'' He then enquired:
"Tell me about Ihsan.'' He (PBUH) said,
"It is to worship Allah as if you are seeing Him; and although you do not
see Him, He sees you"
. He enquired: "Inform me about the Hour (i.e., the Day of Resurrection)". He (PBUH)
"I have no more knowledge thereof than you"
. He said, "Inform me about some of its signs". He (PBUH)
"They are - that a bondswoman gives birth to her own master, and that you will find the barefooted, naked,
poor shepherds competing one another in the construction of higher buildings".
Then he departed. The Messenger of
Allah kept silent for a while then he said to me, "O `Umar! Do you know who the questioner was?'' I replied, "Allah
and His Messenger know better". The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"He was Jibril (Gabriel); he came to you to teach you
your religion".
This Hadith is known as 'Hadith Jibril'. It mentions the basics of Islam the details of which are
known to every Muslim. Al-Qadr (
Divine foreordainment
) means that Allah already knows and had recorded
everything that will happen until the Day of Resurrection. Now whatever happens is in accordance with that
knowledge and writing. What is meant by its good and bad consequences can be illustrated by saying that
tranquillity, prosperity and abundance of crops come in the category of good consequences. Famine, calamities and
troubles, etc., fall in the list as evil consequences. But we regard them good or bad according to our own
understanding; otherwise, every action of Allah has some wisdom and expedience which are known to Him Alone.