Page 377 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Book Five: The book of Greetings
مﻼﺴﻟا بﺎﺘآ
Chapter 131
ﻪﺋﺎﺸﻓﺈﺑ ﺮﻣﻷاو مﻼﺴﻟا ﻞﻀﻓ بﺎﺑ
Excellence of Promoting Greetings
Allah, the Exalted, says:
O you who believe! Enter not houses other than your own, until you have asked permission and greeted
those in them.''
"But when you enter the houses, greet one another with a greeting from Allah (i.e., say: As-Salamu `alaikum -
peace be on you), blessed and good.''
"When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it, or (at least) return it
"Has the story reached you, of the honoured guests [three angels; Jibril (Gabriel) along with another two] of
Ibrahim (Abraham)? When they came in to him, and said, `Salam (peace be upon you)!' He answered:
`Salam (peace be upon you).'''
ﱡيأ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﷲا لﻮﺳر لﺄﺳ ﻼﺟر نأ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﷲا ﻲﺿر صﺎﻌﻟا ﻦﺑ وﺮﻤﻋ ﻦﺑ ﷲا ﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﻋو
لﺎﻗ ؟ ٌﺮْﻴَﺧ مﻼﺳْﻹا
ْفِﺮْﻌَﺗ ْﻢَﻟ ْﻦَﻣَو َﺖَﻓِﺮَﻋ ْﻦَﻣ َﻰَﻠَﻋ مﻼﱠﺴﻟا ُأﺮْﻘَﺗَو ، َمﺎَﻌﱠﻄﻟا ﻢﻌْﻄُﺗ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`as (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: A man asked the Messenger of
Allah (PBUH): "Which act in Islam is the best?'' He (PBUH) replied, "
To give food, and to greet everyone, whether
you know or you do not.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Feeding poor and destitute is an act of goodness, and so is fulfilling the needs of the indigent.
Greeting everybody (saying `As-Salamu `Alaikum'), whether an acquaintance or a stranger, is a good manner too.
Both of these acts generate mutual love and remove hatred and ill will from hearts. All other forms of greetings do
not no substitute for Islamic greeting.
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ﻪﻨﻋ ﷲا ﻲﺿر ةﺮﻳﺮه ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ مدﺁ ﷲا َﻖَﻠَﺧ ﺎﻤﻟ
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو
ﱢرُذ ُﺔﱠﻴِﺤَﺗَو َﻚُﺘﱠﻴﺤَﺗ ﺎﻬﱠﻧﺈَﻓ َﻚَﻧﻮﱡﻴَﺤُﻳا ْﻊﻤﺘْﺳﺎﻓ ٌسﻮُﻠُﺟ ﺔﻜﺋَﻼَﻤَﻟا َﻦِﻣ ٍﺮَﻔَﻧ َﻚِﺌﻟوُأ ﻰَﻠَﻋ ْﻢﱢﻠَﺴَﻓ ْﺐَهْذا
ِﺘﱠﻳﻚ .
اﻮﻟﺎﻘﻓ ،ْﻢُﻜْﻴَﻠَﻋ مﻼﱠﺴﻟا
ُﻩوُداﺰَﻓ ، ﷲا ُﺔﻤْﺣَرَو َﻚْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُمﻼﱠﺴﻟا
ﷲا ُﺔﻤْﺣَرَو
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"When Allah created
Adam (PBUH), He said to him: `Go and greet that company of angels who are sitting there - and then listen to what
they are going to say in reply to your greetings because that will be your greeting and your off-spring's.' Adam
(PBUH) said to the angels: `As-Salamu `Alaikum (may you be safe from evil).' They replied: `As-Salamu `Alaikum
wa Rahmatullah (may you be safe from evil, and Mercy of Allah be upon you).' Thus adding in reply to him: `wa
Rahmatullah (and Mercy of Allah)' to his greeting.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
The Islamic form of greeting - As-Salamu `Alaikum (may you be safe from evil) - has been in
existence since the days of Prophet Adam. According to some Ahadith, it is better to add in response: wa
Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu (and the Mercy and Blessings of Allah).
لﺎﻗ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﷲا ﻲﺿر ٍبزﺎﻋ ﻦﺑ ءاﺮﺒﻟا ةرﺎﻤُﻋ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
ٍﻊﺒَﺴِﺑ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﷲا ُلﻮﺳر ﺎﻧﺮﻣأ
ﺾﻳِﺮﻤَﻟا ِةَدﺎﻴَﻌِﺑ
مﻼﱠﺴﻟا ِءﺎﺸْﻓإو ،مﻮﻠﻈﻤﻟا نْﻮَﻋَو ، ﻒﻴِﻌﱠﻀﻟا ِﺮﺼﻧو ، ﺲﻃﺎَﻌﻟا ﺖﻴﻤْﺸﺗَو ، ﺰﺋﺎﻨَﺠﻟا عﺎﺒﱢﺗاَو
ﻢﺴﻘﻤﻟا ِراﺮﺑإو ،
ﻴﻠﻋ ﻖﻔﺘﻣ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا تﺎﻳاور ىﺪﺣإ ﻆﻔﻟ اﺬه ، ﻪ
Al-Bara' bin `Azib (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) commanded
us to do seven things: to visit the sick, to follow the funeral (of a dead believer), to invoke the Mercy of Allah upon
one who sneezes (i.e., by saying to him: Yarhamuk-Allah), to support the weak, to help the oppressed, to promote
the greeting of `As-Salamu `Alaikum', and to help those who swear to do something to keep their oaths.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Muslims have obligations towards one another. The fulfillment of this social responsibility creates
among them mutual love, a sense of cohesion and feelings of respect for one another.