Page 40 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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This Hadith contains four words, the meanings and implications of which constitute its essence.
These words are guidance, piety (fear of Allah), chastity and sufficiency. Guidance here means guidance at every
turn of life and steadfastness on the path of truth. Fear of Allah is the greatest means of piety and strongest defense
against sins. Chastity is the state of being free from what is unlawful. Self-sufficiency is the antonym of poverty and
here it means the self-contentment. What it implies is that one should not care for what people possess. In view of all
these qualities, the prayer of the Prophet (PBUH) mentioned in this Hadith is very comprehensive and valuable.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﱢﻲِﺋﺎﻄﻟا ٍﻢﺗﺎﺣ ِﻦْﺑ ﱢيِﺪﻋ ٍﻒﻳﺮَﻃ ﻲﺑأ ْﻦَﻋ
ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﺖﻌﻤﺳ
ُلﻮُﻘﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو
ىَﻮْﻘﱠﺘﻟا ِتْﺄَﻴْﻠَﻓ ﺎﻬْﻨِﻣ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟ ﻰَﻘﺗأ ىَأَر ﱠﻢُﺛ ﻦﻴِﻤﻳ ﻰَﻠَﻋ َﻒَﻠَﺣ ْﻦَﻣ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
`Adi bin Hatim At-Ta'i (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) say:
who has taken an oath (to do something) but found something else better than that (which brings him closer to
Allah), then he should do that which is better in piety (and he should expiate for the breaking of oath)".
This Hadith emphasizes the importance of having the fear of Allah. So much so that if somebody has
made a vow to commit some sin he should break it, arrange for its expiation and keep himself away from that sin or
any other act that contravenes the fear of Allah.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﱢﻲِﻠِهﺎﺒْﻟا َنﻼْﺠَﻋ ِﻦْﺑ ﱠيَﺪُﺻ َﺔَﻣﺎَﻣُأ ﻲﺑأ ْﻦﻋ
ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮﺳر ُﺖْﻌِﻤَﺳ
َلﺎَﻘَﻓ عاَدﻮْﻟا ِﺔﱠﺠَﺣ ﻲﻓ ُﺐُﻄْﺨَﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ
َةﺎَآز اوﱡدَأو ، ْﻢآَﺮْﻬَﺷ اﻮُﻣﻮُﺻو ، ْﻢُﻜﺴْﻤَﺧ اﻮﱡﻠَﺻو ، ﻪﱠﻠﻟا اﻮُﻘﱠﺗا
ْﻢُﻜﱢﺑَر َﺔﱠﻨَﺟ اﻮُﻠُﺧْﺪَﺗ ، ْﻢُآَءاَﺮَﻣُأ اﻮُﻌﻴِﻃَأَو ، ْﻢُﻜِﻟاَﻮْﻣَأ
لﺎﻗو ِةﻼﺼﻟا ِبﺎﺘآ ﺮﺧﺁ ﻲﻓ ، ﱡيﺬﻣْﺮﱢﺘﻟا ﻩاور
ٌﻦﺴﺣ ٌﺚﻳﺪﺣ
ﺢﻴﺤﺻ .
Abu Umamah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard Messenger of Allah (PBUH) during the sermon of
the Farewell Pilgrimage saying,
"Be mindful of your duty to Allah; perform your five daily Salat, observe Saum
during the month (of Ramadan) , pay the Zakat on your properties and obey your leaders; (if you do so) you will
enter the Jannah of your Rubb".
The word Wada`, means to say farewell. The Farewell Pilgrimage was the last pilgrimage, the
Prophet (PBUH) performed, and on this occasion he bade farewell to the people and for this reason it came to be
known as Hajjat-ul-Wada`. Obedience of the rulers is stressed but it is conditional, that is to say, they are to be
obeyed only if their orders are not against the injunctions of Allah. Similarly, their obedience is obligatory till such
time that they do not do anything which amounts to open disbelief. If any of these two things occurs, then no
obedience would be due to them.