Page 415 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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لﺎﻗ ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲِﺿَر َةَﺮْﻳﺮُه ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
لﻮﻘﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا لﻮُﺳَر ُﺖﻌﻤﺳ
ﻢُﺘْﻴﱠﻠَﺻ ذإ
َءﺎﻋﱡﺪﻟا ُﻪﻟ اﻮُﺼِﻠْﺧَﺄﻓ ، ﺖﱢﻴَﻤﻟا ﻰﻠَﻋ
دوادﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying:
"When you pray over the dead, make a sincere supplication for him.''
[Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah].
ةَزﺎَﻨَﺠﻟا ﻰﻠَﻋ ِةﻼﱠﺼﻟا ﻲﻓ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲﺒﱠﻨﻟا ِﻦَﻋ ُﻪْﻨَﻋو
ﱡﺑر ﺖْﻧَأ ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا
،ﺎﻬَﺘْﻘَﻠَﺧ َﺖْﻧَأَو ، ﺎَﻬ
ﻏﺎﻓ ُﻪَﻟ َءﺎﻌﻔُﺷ َكﺎَﻨْﺌﺟ ،ﺎﻬِﺘﻴﻧﻼَﻋَو ﺎهﱢﺮِﺴِﺑ ُﻢﻠْﻋَأ َﺖْﻧَأَو ، ﺎَﻬَﺣوُر َﺖْﻀَﺒَﻗ َﺖْﻧَأَو ، ِمﻼﺳﻺﻟ ﺎَﻬَﺘْﻳﺪَه َﺖْﻧَأو
ُﻪﻟ ْﺮِﻔ «
دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) supplicated in course of funeral
prayer: "
Allahumma Anta Rabbuha, wa Anta khalaqtaha, wa Anta hadaytaha lil-Islam, wa Anta qabadta ruhaha, wa
Anta a`lamu bisirriha wa `alaniyyatiha, ji'naka shufa`a'a lahu [if the dead person is a man, or laha if the dead person
is a woman], faghfir lahu [or laha, if it is a woman] (O Allah, You are its Rubb; You created it; You guided it to
Islam; You have taken its life back and You know best its insight and outer condition. We have come as
intercessors, so forgive him).''
[Abu Dawud].
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ِﻊﻘﺳﻷا ِﻦﺑ ﺔﻠِﺛاو ﻦﻋو
َﻦِﻣ ٍﻞُﺟر ﻰﻠَﻋ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر ﺎَﻨِﺑ ﻰﱠﻠَﺻ
ُلﻮﻘﻳ ﻪﺘﻌﻤﺴﻓ ، َﻦﻴﻤِﻠْﺴُﻤﻟا
ا َﺔَﻨْﺘِﻓ ِﻪِﻘَﻓ ،كراﻮﺠﺑ ﱠﻞَﺣو َﻚِﺘﱠﻣِذ ﻲﻓ نﻼُﻓ َﻦْﺑا َنﻼُﻓ ﱠنإ ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا
ِرﺎﱠﻨﻟا َباَﺬَﻋَو ، ﺮْﺒَﻘﻟ
ُﻢﻴﺣﱠﺮﻟا رﻮُﻔَﻐﻟا َﺖْﻧَأ َﻚﻧإ ، ُﻪْﻤَﺣْراَو ُﻪﻟ ْﺮِﻔﻏﺎﻓ ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا ، ِﺪْﻤَﺤﻟاو ِءﺎﻓَﻮﻟا ُﻞْهَأ َﺖْﻧَأَو ،
دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
Wathilah bin Al-Asqa` (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) led the
funeral prayer of a Muslim man in our presence, and I heard him saying
"Allahumma inna [name of the dead
person] fi dhimmatika wa habli jiwarika, faqihi fitnatal-qabri; wa `adhaban-Nari, wa Anta ahlul-wafa'i wal-hamdi;
Allahumma faghfir lahu warhamhu, innaka Antal-Ghafur-ur-Rahim [If the dead person is a woman, one can change
hu in some words here with ha] [O Allah, (so-and-so son of so-and-so) is in Your Protection and inside the
surroundings of Your Refuge. Safeguard him from the trial of the grave and the punishment of the Hell. You keep
Your Promise and You deserve to be praised. O Allah! Forgive him and be merciful to him. Indeed, You are the
Forgiving, the Merciful].''
[Abu Dawud].
ﱠﺒآ ُﻪﱠﻧَأ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﻰﻓْوأ ﻲﺑأ ِﻦﺑ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﻋو
َﺪْﻌَﺑ َمﺎَﻘَﻓ ، ٍتاﺮﻴِﺒْﻜَﺗ َﻊَﺑْرَأ ُﻪَﻟ ٍﺔَﻨْﺑا ِةَزﺎَﻨَﺟ ﻰﻠﻋ ﺮ
لﺎﻗ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ﻮُﻋْﺪَﻳَو ﺎَﻬﻟ ُﺮِﻔﻐَﺘْﺴَﻳ ﻦْﻴﺗﺮﻴﺒْﻜﱠﺘﻟا َﻦْﻴَﺑ ﺎَﻣ ِرْﺪَﻘَآ ِﺔَﻌِﺑاﱠﺮﻟا
ُﻊَﻨْﺼَﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر َنﺎَآ
ﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو اَﺬﻜه
: »
ﺚﻜﻤﻓ ًﺎﻌﺑْرَأ َﺮﱠﺒَآ
، ِﻪِﻟﺎﻤِﺷ ْﻦَﻋَو ِﻪﻨﻴِﻤﻳ ْﻦﻋ َﻢﱠﻠﺳ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ًﺎﺴْﻤَﺧ ُﺮﱢﺒَﻜُﻴﺳ ُﻪﱠﻧَأ ُﺖْﻨَﻨَﻇ ﻰﱠﺘﺣ ًﺔﻋﺎَﺳ
ُﻪَﻟ ﺎﻨْﻠُﻗ فَﺮَﺼْﻧا ﺎﱠﻤَﻠَﻓ
لﺎﻘﻓ ؟ اﺬه ﺎَﻣ
، ُﻊَﻨْﺼَﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر ُﺖْﻳَأَر ﺎَﻣ ﻰﻠَﻋ ْﻢُآُﺪﻳزأ ﻻ ﻲﱢﻧإ
ْوأ :
ﻮﺳر َﻊﻨَﺻ اﺬﻜه
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُل
لﺎﻗو ﻢآﺎﺤﻟا ﻩاور
ﺢﻴﺤﺻ ﺚﻳﺪﺣ
`Abdullah bin Abu Aufa (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:
While offering the funeral prayer of one
of his daughters, he recited four Takbir, and after the fourth Takbir he continued standing for a time equal to an
interval between two Takbir, praying for her and seeking Allah's forgiveness for her.'' Then he said: "The Messenger
of Allah (PBUH) used to do so.''
Another narration is: He (Abdullah) recited four Takbir and remained standing in prayer for some time till we
thought that he would recite the fifth Takbir. Then he gave Salam on the right and on the left. When he turned aside,
we asked him about it. He replied:
"I would add nothing to what I saw the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) doing,''
or he
"The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to do so.''
All the above mentioned supplications are those which were recited by the Prophet (PBUH) in the
funeral prayers. It is, therefore, advisable if they are all put together and recited because we are commanded to pray
sincerely for a dead body. Another point comes to our knowledge about the funeral prayer, that is to say, it may be
said aloud as affirmed by the above mentioned Ahadith because if the Prophet (PBUH) had not offered it aloud, the
Companions would not have been able to memorize these supplications. Thirdly, we are uncertain that after saying a
funeral prayer, the Prophet ü and his Companions ever stood round the bier and supplicated for the dead body. It is
an innovation
and must be abolished. We are unauthorized to refer this practice to the Prophet (PBUH). It
looks strange that believers should persist in reciting supplications in their own self-styled way after the funeral