Page 419 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 160
ﺮﺒﻘﻟ اﺪﻨﻋ ﺔﻈﻋﻮﻤﻟا بﺎﺑ
Admonition beside the Grave
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر ﱟﻲﻠﻋ ﻦﻋ
، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳَر ﺎَﻧﺎَﺗَﺄَﻓ ﺪَﻗْﺮَﻐْﻟا ﻊﻴِﻘَﺑ ﻲﻓ ٍةَزﺎَﻨﺟ ﻲﻓ ﺎﱠﻨُآ
ْﻨَﻳ َﻞَﻌَﺟَو َﺲَﻜَﻨَﻓ ٌةَﺮَﺼْﺨِﻣ ُﻪَﻌَﻣَو ُﻪَﻟْﻮَﺣ ﺎَﻧْﺪﻌﻗو ، َﺪَﻌَﻘﻓ
لﺎﻗ ﻢﺛ ، ِﻪِﺗﺮَﺼْﺨِﻤِﺑ ُﺖُﻜ
َﺐِﺘُآ ْﺪَﻗَو ﱠﻻإ ٍﺪَﺣَأ ْﻦِﻣ ْﻢُﻜﻨِﻣ ﺎﻣ
ﺔﱠﻨﺠﻟا َﻦِﻣ ُﻩُﺪَﻌْﻘَﻣو ِرﺎﱠﻨﻟا َﻦِﻣ ُﻩُﺪَﻌْﻘﻣ
لﺎﻘﻓ ؟ ﺎَﻨﺑﺎﺘآ ﻰﻠﻋ ُﻞِﻜﱠﺘَﻧ َﻼَﻓَأ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮُﺳَر ﺎﻳ
ﱞﻞُﻜَﻓ ، اﻮُﻠَﻤْﻋا
ُﻪَﻟ َﻖِﻠُﺧ ﺎَﻤِﻟ ٌﺮﱠﺴَﻴُﻣ
ا َمﺎﻤﺗ ﺮَآذو
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ ،ﺚﻳﺪﺤﻟ
`Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: We were accompanying a funeral procession in Baqi` Al-
Gharqad (graveyard in Al-Madinah) when the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) proceeded towards us and sat down. We
sat around him. He had a small stick in his hand. He was bending down his head and scraping the ground with the
stick. He said,
"There is none among you but has a place assigned for him either in the Jannah or in the Hell.''
Companions said: "O Messenger of Allah, should we not depend upon what has been written for us (and give up
doing good deeds)?'' The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Carry on doing good deeds. Every one will find it easy
to do such deeds (as will lead him to his destined place) for which he has been created.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
The subject of this chapter is exactly related to the Hadith accounting for reasons of giving a sermon
speech beside the grave. As the dimension of the world's impermanent nature and a heart-moving scene directly
confront a man's eyes on this occasion, any moral exhortation is most likely to touch the heart. Secondly, the good
or bad deeds of man during his fixed life span in this world prefigure in Allah's Knowledge, and He has ordained the
good or bad end of everybody. But this does not mean that man is simply helpless in doing what Allah has
predetermined. Indeed, Allah already knows that such and such a person will adopt the righteous conduct and meet a
good end; and such and such a person will take to the mischievous way and consequently meet a bad end. Unless
man has access to Allah's Knowledge and the Preserved Tablet (which is impossible), he is not supposed to give up
the right conduct by banking upon His Knowledge. When he is totally ignorant of the Sacred Writ on his ultimate
end, he has no other choice but to continue endeavouring in good pursuits. Allah has given him the freedom of
choice and will subject him to accountability on this count alone. Moreover, it is the Divine principle that He helps
everybody do only that type of work - facilitating it to him as well - which is germane to his bent of mind. Then,
there is no reason that man should lag behind in embarking upon the virtuous path and not try to seek the Grace of