Page 420 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 161
رﺎﻔﻐﺘﺳﻻاو ﻪﻟ ءﺎﻋﱡﺪﻠﻟ ﺔﻋﺎﺳ ﻩﺮﺒﻗ ﺪﻨﻋ دﻮﻌﻘﻟاو ﻪﻨﻓد ﺪﻌﺑ ﺖﻴﻤﻠﻟ ءﺎﻋﺪﻟا بﺎﺑ
Supplication for the Deceased after his Burial
ﻞﻴﻗو وﺮْﻤَﻋ ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋ
ﻞﻴﻗو ، ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﺪﺒﻋ ﻮﺑأ
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َنﺎﱠﻔَﻋ ﻦﺑ ُنﺎَﻤْﺜُﻋ ﻰﻠْﻴَﻟ ﻮﺑأ
ﱡﻲﺒﱠﻨﻟا َنﺎآ
ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ
لﺎﻗو ، ِﻪﻴَﻠﻋ َﻒَﻗو ِﺖﱢﻴَﻤﻟا ﻦﻓد ﻦﻣ َغَﺮﻓ اذإ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ
ُﻪﱠﻧﺈﻓ َﺖﻴﺒﺜﱠﺘﻟا ُﻪَﻟ اﻮُﻠَﺳو ﻢُﻜﻴِﺧﻷ اوُﺮِﻔﻐﺘﺳا
ُلَﺄﺴُﻳ نﻵا
دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
Abu `Amr (also called Abu `Abdullah and also Abu Laila) from `Uthman bin `Affan (May Allah be pleased
with him) reported: After the burial of a dead man, the Prophet (PBUH) would stand by the grave and say,
Allah to forgive your brother and supplicate for him for steadfastness because he is being questioned (about his
deeds) now.''
[Abu Dawud].
We are told in this Hadith that two angels question man in the grave. Allah helps a true believer in
answering correctly. He says to the angels, "Allah is my Rubb. Islam is my religion. And the man sent by Allah as
His Prophet is Muhammad.'' A condemned person will say, "Aa, Aa, I do not know.'' We are, therefore, particularly
instructed that after the burial of a fellow-Muslim, we should supplicate beside his grave for his being firm-footed
against the ordeal to which he will be subjected.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر صﺎﻌﻟا ﻦﺑ وﺮﻤﻋ ﻦﻋو
، ٌروُﺰَﺟ ُﺮَﺤﻨُﺗ ﺎﻣ َرْﺪَﻗ يِﺮﺒَﻗ لْﻮَﺣ اﻮﻤﻴﻗﺄﻓ ، ﻲﻧﻮُﻤﺘﻨﻓد اذإ
ﻲﱢﺑر َﻞُﺳُر ِﻪِﺑ ُﻊِﺟاَرُأ اذﺎﻣ ﻢﻠْﻋَأو ، ﻢﻜِﺑ َﺲِﻧﺄَﺘْﺳَأ ﻰﺘَﺣ ﺎﻬُﻤْﺤﻟ ُﻢﱠﺴَﻘُﻳو
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
ﻪﻟﻮﻄﺑ ﻖﺒﺳ ﺪﻗو
ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻪﻤِﺣَر ﱡﻲِﻌِﻓﺎﱠﺸﻟا لﺎﻗ
ًﺎﻨﺴَﺣ َنﺎآ ُﻩﺪْﻨِﻋ نﺁﺮُﻘﻟا اﻮُﻤَﺘَﺧ نإَو ، ِنﺁﺮُﻘﻟا َﻦِﻣ ٌءﻲﺷ ُﻩَﺪْﻨِﻋ َأَﺮﻘُﻳ نأ ﱡﺐَﺤَﺘْﺴُﻳو
`Amr bin Al-`as (May Allah be pleased with him) used to say:
"When you have buried me, keep standing near
my grave till (for the time it takes to) a camel is slaughtered and its meat is distributed, so that I may feel your
nearness and know what to reply to the angels sent by my Rubb.''
As mentioned in the previous Hadith, the Prophet (PBUH) has instructed his followers that after a
Muslim's burial, they should keep standing beside his grave for some time and pray for his firmness on facing the
interrogating angels in the grave. `Amr bin Al-`as, too, made a will to this effect. The reference made to Imam Ash-
Shafi`i (May Allah had Mercy upon him) about the recitation of the Qur'an beside a Muslim's grave is in
disagreement with the Prophet's practice. What has come to us from the Prophet (PBUH) as his Sunnah in this
respect is the act of supplicating, and it will be appropriate to confine to it. Aside from it, the reference made to
Imam Ash-Shafi`i seems to be of doubtful authenticity. Because according to Fath Al-Bari, Tafsir Ibn Kathir and
some other books, Imam Ash-Shafi`i rejected the view that the benefit of reciting the Qur'an could be transmitted to
the dead.