Page 427 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 167
ﻪﻧﻮﻌﻴﻄﻳ ًاﺪﺣاو ﻢﻬﺴﻔﻧأ ﻰﻠﻋ ﻢهﺮﻴﻣﺄﺗو ﺔﻘﻓﺮﻟا ﺐﻠﻃ بﺎﺒﺤﺘﺳا بﺎﺑ
The Desirability of undertaking a Journey in a Group and appointing a
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َلﺎَﻗ ﺎﻤُﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿر َﺮَﻤُﻋ ِﻦْﺑا ﻦَﻋ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳر َلﺎَﻗ
» ﻟا ﱠنَأ ْﻮَﻟ
َنﻮُﻤَﻠْﻌَﻳ َسﺎﱠﻨ
ُﻩَﺪْﺣو ٍﻞْﻴَﻠِﺑ ٌﺐِآاَر َرﺎَﺳ ﺎﻣ ُﻢﻠَﻋَأ ﺎﻣ ِةﺪْﺣﻮﻟا َﻦِﻣ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"Were people to
know of what I know about the dangers of travelling alone, no rider would travel alone at night.''
Lonely travelling, whatever its form, is inadvisable at night and can cause many inconveniences.
These inconveniences include deprivation of performing congregational prayers, feelings of loneliness and isolation
and facing unexpected situations and damages. But the real reasons behind this prohibition, only Allah knows.
َلﺎَﻗ ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲِﺿَر ِﻩﱢﺪَﺟ ﻦﻋ ، ﻪﻴﺑَأ ﻦﻋ ، ٍﺐْﻴَﻌُﺷ ﻦﺑ وﺮﻤﻋ ﻦﻋو
ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳَر لﺎﻗ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو :
ٌﺐآَر ُﺔَﺛﻼﱠﺜﻟاو ، ِنﺎﻧﺎَﻄﻴَﺷ نﺎﺒِآاﱠﺮﻟاو ، ٌنﺎَﻄﻴَﺷ ُﺐِآاﱠﺮﻟا
ﺎﻗو ، ﺔﺤﻴﺤﺻ ﺪﻴﻧﺎﺳَﺄﺑ ﻲﺋﺎﺴﻨﻟاو ، يﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟاو ، دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
يﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟا ل
ﻦﺴﺣ ٌﺚﻳﺪﺣ
`Amr bin Shu`aib (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"A single
rider is (accompanied with) Satan and two riders are (accompanied with) two Satans. Three riders form a group.''
[At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud].
The Hadith tells us that at least three travelling companions are preferable, because if they are only
two, one may drop due to some emergency and the other will remain alone. One or two riders
have been
described in the Hadith as "accompanied with Satan'' and this means that they can hardly escape the devil. However,
in case of three, they will remain immune from satanic insinuations.
ﻻﺎَﻗ ﺎَﻤُﻬْﻨَﻋ ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر َةﺮﻳﺮُه ﻲﺑَأو ٍﺪﻴﻌﺳ ﻲﺑَأ ﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر لﺎَﻗ
ﻢهﺪﺣَأ اوُﺮﱢﻣَﺆُﻴﻠﻓ ٍﺮَﻔﺳ ﻲﻓ ٌﺔَﺛﻼَﺛ جَﺮَﺧ
ﻦﺴﺣ ٍدﺎﻨﺳﺈﺑ دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور ، ﻦﺴﺣ ﺚﻳﺪﺣ
Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri and Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah
(PBUH) said,
"When three persons set out on a journey, they should appoint one of them as their leader.''
[Abu Dawud].
Choosing anyone as leader means that a journey should be undertaken under his guidance and
instructions. This has many benefits. The person to be appointed as a leader over a group of travellers, should fulfill
certain important conditions, including the fact that he should be the most knowledgeable in religious matters and
travelling conditions.
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ﺎﻤُﻬْﻨَﻋ ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲِﺿر ٍسﺎﱠﺒﻋ ِﻦْﺑا ﻦﻋو
ُﺮْﻴَﺧَو ، ٌﺔَﻌَﺑْرَأ ِﺔﺑﺎَﺤﱠﺼﻟا ُﺮﻴَﺧ
ْﻟَأ ﺮﺸﻋ ﺎَﻨْﺛا َﺐَﻠْﻐُﻳ ﻦَﻟو ، ٍفﻻﺁ ُﺔﻌﺑْرَأ شﻮُﻴُﺠﻟا ُﺮﻴَﺧو ، ٍﺔَﺋﺎِﻤُﻌَﺑْرَأ ﺎﻳاﺮﱠﺴﻟا
ﺔﱠﻠِﻗ ْﻦﻣ ًﺎﻔ
يﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟاو دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
لﺎﻗو :
ﻦﺴﺣ ﺚﻳﺪﺣ
Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"The best number of
companions is four; the best detachment is four hundred and the best army is four thousand; and twelve thousand
men will not be defeated as a result of smallness of number.''
[At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud].
An army of twelve thousand soldiers, if endowed with strong faith and resolve, is enough to face
even an army of large size. It cannot be defeated merely on the basis of number. Some other factors accounting for
its defeat may not be ruled out, but it will not be overpowered for its small number.