Page 443 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 179
ﺎهﺪﺣو ةأﺮﻤﻟا ﺮﻔﺳ ﻢﻳﺮﺤﺗ بﺎﺑ
Prohibiting Woman from Traveling Alone
َلﺎَﻗ ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َةَﺮﻳَﺮُه ﻲﺑَأ ﻦﻋ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮُﺳَر َلﺎَﻗ
ُﻦِﻣْﺆُﺗ ةَأَﺮْﻣﻻ ﱡﻞِﺤَﻳ ﻻ
َﻟَو ٍمْﻮَﻳ َةَﺮﻴِﺴَﻣ ُﺮِﻓﺎَﺴُﺗ ِﺮِﺧﻵا ِمﻮَﻴﻟاَو ِﻪﱠﻠﻟﺎﺑ
ﺎَﻬْﻴﻠﻋ ٍمﺮْﺤﻣ يِذ َﻊَﻣ ﱠﻻإ ٍﺔَﻠْﻴ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"It is not
permissible for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to make a journey of one day and night unless she
is accompanied by a Mahram (husband or any other relative to whom she is prohibited to marry).''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith offers four points. First, it mentions a twenty-four hour journey. `Ulama', therefore, say
that the time limit matters little and the real point is the length of distance to be called journey. A woman is not
allowed to travel unless she is accompanied by her husband or a Mahram.
Second, Hajj is obligatory on her provided she has no financial problem. If a woman has no husband or Mahram,
Hajj is not obligatory on her. Neither can she go for Hajj with a group of women, whether for Hajj or any other
Third, the term Mahram, apart from husband, applies to all of her male siblingss whom she cannot marry; these
include the father, the son, the brother, the nephew, the son-in-law and the foster-father. She cannot travel with
anybody but with any of these.
Fourth, when she goes out, she should wear a Jilbab
(an outer gown)
dress so that no part of her body should be
visible. Moreover, perfume must not be used by her, wearing perfume in public by women is tantamount to
fornication, nor should the jingling of her ornaments be audible to others.
ﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻊﻤﺳ ﻪﻧأ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍسﺎﺒﻋ ِﻦﺑا ﻦﻋو
ُلﻮﻘﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ
ٍةأﺮْﻣﺎﺑ ٌﻞُﺟَر ﱠنﻮُﻠﺨﻳ ﻻ
ٍمﺮْﺤﻣ يِذ َﻊﻣ ﱠﻻِإ ُةَأْﺮﻤﻟا ُﺮِﻓﺎَﺴُﺗ ﻻو ، ٍمﺮْﺤﻣ وُذ ﺎَﻬَﻌَﻣو ﻻِإ
ٌﻞُﺟَر ُﻪَﻟ لﺎﻘﻓ
ْﺖﺟﺮَﺧ ﻲﺗأﺮْﻣا ﱠنإ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﺎﻳ
؟ اَﺬَآو اَﺬَآ ِةوْﺰَﻏ ﻲﻓ ُﺖْﺒِﺘُﺘْآا ﻲﱢﻧِإو ، ًﺔﱠﺟﺎﺣ
لﺎﻗ :
َﻚِﺗَأﺮْﻣا ﻊﻣ ﱠﺞُﺤَﻓ ْﻖـِﻠﻄْﻧا
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (PBUH) said,
"No man must not be alone
with a woman except in the presence of her (Mahram). No woman should travel except in company of a (Mahram).''
A man said: "O Messenger of Allah! I have been enrolled for such and such expedition, and my wife left for Hajj.''
He (PBUH) said to him,
"Go and perform Hajj with your wife.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadih proves that under no circumstance woman may travel alone. The Shari`ah strictly bans a
meeting of this kind between two opposite sexes. Even if nothing objectionable happens, a mischievous person may
exploit this situation and talk about them slanderously. Families disregardful of Hijab provide instances of illicit
relationship between a man and a woman related to each other.