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Chapter 183
ﺔﺻﻮﺼﺨﻣ تﺎﻳﺁ رﻮﺳ ﻰﻠﻋ ﱢﺚﺤﻟا ﻲﻓ بﺎﺑ
Inducement towards the Recitation of some Special verses and Surah of the
Noble Qur'an
لﺎﻗ ُﻪْﻨَﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿَر ﻰﱠﻠﻌُﻤﻟا ِﻦﺑ ِﻊﻓار ٍﺪﻴﻌﺳ ﻲﺑَأ ﻦﻋ
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر ﻲﻟ لﺎﻗ
» ﻻَأ
؟ َﺪِﺠْﺴَﻤﻟا َﻦِﻣ جُﺮْﺨﺗ ْنَأ َﻞْﺒَﻗ ِنﺁْﺮُﻘْﻟا ﻲﻓ ٍةرﻮُﺳ ﻢَﻈْﻋَأ
ُﺖْﻠُﻗ جُﺮْﺨَﻧ ْنَأ ﺎَﻧْدرَأ ﺎﱠﻤَﻠَﻓ ، يِﺪﻴﺑ َﺬَﺧَﺄﻓ
َلﻮُﺳر ﺎﻳ
لﺎﻗ ؟ ِنﺁْﺮُﻘْﻟا ﻲﻓ ٍةَرﻮُﺳ َﻢَﻈْﻋَأ َﻚﱠﻨﻤﱢﻠَﻋُﻷ َﺖْﻠُﻗ َﻚﱠﻧِإ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا
ْﺒﱠﺴﻟا ﻲِه َﻦﻴِﻤﻟﺎَﻌﻟا ﱢبَر ِﻪﱠﻠﻟ ُﺪْﻤَﺤﻟا
ُنﺁْﺮُﻘْﻟاَو ، ﻲﻧﺎَﺜَﻤﻟا ُﻊ
ُﻪُﺘﻴِﺗوُأ يﺬﱠﻟا ُﻢﻴِﻈَﻌْﻟا
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
Abu Sa`id Ar-Rafi` bin Al-Mu`alla (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah
(PBUH) said, "
Shall I teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur'an before you leave the mosque?'' Then he (PBUH),
took me by the hand, and when we were about to step out, I reminded him of his promise to teach me the greatest
Surah in the Qur'an. He (PBUH) said, "It is `Alhamdu lillahi Rabbil `Alamin (i.e., Surat Al-Fatihah) which is As-
Sab` Al-Mathani (i.e., the seven oft-repeated Ayat) and the Great Qur'an which is given to me
Allah the Almighty says:
And indeed, We have bestowed upon you seven of Al-Mathani (the seven repeatedly recited Ayat), (i.e., Surat Al-
Fatihah) and the Grand Qur'an.
'' (15:87).
This Hadith is an elaboration of the Quranic Ayah quoted above. The Prophet (PBUH) held that As-Sab` Al-
Mathani is Surat Al-Fatihah (the Opening Chapter) because these seven Ayat are recited not only in every Salat but
in every Rak`ah of every Salat for the reason that no Salat is valid without the recitation of this Surah, as is evident
from the saying of the Prophet (PBUH): "
The Salat of that person who has not recited Surat Al-Fatihah is void
.'' It
has also been regarded as the greatest Surah of the Qur'an as it covers all the objects of the Qur'an and is a
condensation of all the subjects which have been discussed in detail in its other Surah. It includes the belief in the
Tauhid (
the belief in the Oneness of Allah
)), the worship of Allah, the Day of Resurrection, promise (
of Jannah
) and
warning (
against Hell-fire
), instances of the pious and impious people of the past communities, and the lessons their
conduct has for others. Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi have reported a Hadith in which the Messenger of Allah
(PBUH) said: "
Al-hamdu lillahi Rabbil `Alamin (i.e., Surat Al-Fatihah) is Umm-ul-Qur'an that is its origin, basis
and essence
َﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﱠنَأ ﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ﱢيِرْﺪُﺨﻟا ٍﺪﻴﻌﺳ ﻲﺑَأ ﻦﻋو
ﻲﻓ َلﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠ
ٌﺪَﺣَأ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻮُه ْﻞُﻗ
ِنﺁْﺮُﻘﻟا َﺚُﻠُﺛ ُلِﺪْﻌَﺘَﻟ ﺎَﻬﱠﻧِإ ، ِﻩِﺪﻴِﺑ ﻲﺴْﻔَﻧ يِﺬﱠﻟاو
ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ِﻪِﺑﺎﺤْﺻَﻷ َلﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﱠنَأ
ُﻠُﺜِﺑ َأَﺮْﻘﻳ ْنَأ ﻢُآُﺪَﺣَأ ُﺰِﺠْﻌَﻳَأ
ﻲﻓ ِنﺁْﺮُﻘْﻟا ِﺚ
اﻮُﻟﺎﻗو ، ْﻢِﻬْﻴَﻠﻋ َﻚﻟذ ﱠﻖَﺸَﻓ
؟ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﺎﻳ َﻚﻟذ ُﻖﻴِﻄُﻳ ﺎَﻨﱡﻳَأ
لﺎﻘﻓ :
ُﺪَﻤﱠﺼﻟا ُﻪﱠﻠﻟا ، ٌﺪَﺣَأ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻮُه ْﻞُﻗ
ِنﺁْﺮُﻘْﻟا ُﺚُﻠُﺛ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور
Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported about Surat Al-Ikhlas (Chapter 112): The
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, it is equivalent to one-third of the Qur'an
According to another version, he (PBUH) said to his Companions, "Is anyone of you incapable of reciting one-third
of the Qur'an in one night?'' They considered it burdensome and said: "O Messenger of Allah, which of us can afford
to do that?'' He (PBUH) said, "
Surat Al-Ikhlas [Say: He is Allah (the) One] is equivalent t
one-third of the Qur'an.
One reading of Surat Al-Ikhlas has return and reward equal to the recitation of one-third of the
Qur'an. This Surah mentions the Oneness of Allah. This is enough to make one realize how much Allah (SWT) likes
the recitation and remembrance of His Oneness. This is the reason, He has declared Shirk (
) an absolutely
unpardonable sin.
ُأَﺮْﻘَﻳ ًﻼُﺟَر ﻊِﻤﺳ ًﻼُﺟَر ﱠنَأ ُﻪْﻨﻋو
ٌﺪﺣَأ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻮُه ُﻞَﻗ
ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِلﻮﺳر ﻰﻟِإ َءﺎﺟ َﺢَﺒْﺻَأ ﺎﱠﻤَﻠَﻓ ﺎهُدﱢدﺮُﻳ
ﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر َلﺎَﻘَﻓ ﺎﱡﻬﻟﺎَﻘَﺘﻳ ُﻞُﺟﱠﺮﻟا َنﺎَآو ُﻪَﻟ َﻚﻟذ َﺮَآَﺬَﻓ ، ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا
ﻲِﺴْﻔَﻧ يﺬﱠﻟاو
ِنﺁْﺮُﻘْﻟا َﺚُﻠُﺛ ُلِﺪْﻌَﺘَﻟ ﺎﻬﱠﻧِإ ، ِﻩِﺪَﻴِﺑ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻩاور