Page 462 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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This Hadith elucidates that the minor sins committed during the interval of the five prescribed Salat
and in the period intervening between one Jumu`ah and the other are pardoned with the performance of the five-time
prescribed Salat and the Jumu`ah prayer, provided one does not commit major sins which are not forgiven without
repentance. Sins like Shirk (
associating someone with Allah in worship
), disobedience of parents, false oath, false
evidence, encroachment on an orphan's property, calumny against chaste women, etc., fall in the category of major
sins and will not be forgiven by means of Salat only.
لﺎﻗ ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر نﺎﻔﻋ ِﻦﺑ َنﺎﻤﺜﻋ ﻦﻋو
ُلﻮﻘﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ُﺖْﻌِﻤﺳ
» ﻦِﻣ ﺎﻣ
ْﺒَﻗ ﺎﻤﻟ ًةرﺎﱠﻔَآ ﺖﻧﺎآ ﱠﻻِإ ، ﺎﻬَﻋﻮُآُرَو ، ﺎَﻬَﻋﻮﺸُﺧَو ، ﺎَهَءﻮُﺿُو ُﻦِﺴْﺤُﻴَﻓ ٌﺔﺑﻮُﺘﻜَﻣ ٌةﻼﺻ ُﻩُﺮُﻀﺤﺗ ٍﻢِﻠْﺴُﻣ ٍءيِﺮْﻣا
ِبﻮُﻧﺬﻟا ْﻦِﻣ
ُﻪﱠﻠآ َﺮْهﱠﺪﻟا َﻚﻟذَو ، ٌةﺮﻴِﺒَآ َتْﺆُﺗ ﻢﻟ ﺎﻣ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
`Uthman bin `Affan (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard Messenger of Allah (PBUH) saying,
When the time for a prescribed Salat is due and a Muslim performs its Wudu' and its acts of bowing and prostration
properly, this Salat will be an expiation for his past sins, so long as he does not commit major sins, and this applies
for ever
This Hadith stresses the importance of performing Salat with all its essential prerequisites, i.e.,
Wudu' and concentration of mind. Such a Salat will expiate the sins.