Page 469 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Chapter 191
ﺔﻋﺎﻤﺠﻟا ةﻼﺻ ﻞﻀﻓ بﺎﺑ
The Excellence of Performing Salat (Prayers) in Congregation
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﱠنَأ ﺎﻤﻬﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ﺮَﻤﻋ ِﻦﺑا ﻦﻋ
ِﻣ ُﻞَﻀﻓَأ ِﺔَﻋﺎَﻤَﺠﻟا ُةﻼَﺻ
ًﺔَﺟَرد َﻦﻳِﺮْﺸِﻋَو ٍﻊْﺒَﺴِﺑ ﱢﺬَﻔﻟا ِةﻼَﺻ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
Salat in
congregation is twenty-seven times more meritorious than a Salat performed individually
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
لﺎﻗ ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ةﺮﻳﺮه ﻲﺑَأ ﻦﻋو
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر لﺎﻗ
ﻲﻓ ِﻞُﺟﱠﺮﻟا ُةﻼَﺻ
َﻓ َﺄﱠﺿَﻮَﺗ اذِإ ُﻪﱠﻧَأ َﻚﻟذو ، ﺎًﻔﻌِﺿ َﻦﻳﺮْﺸِﻋَو ًﺎﺴﻤﺧ ِﻪِﻗﻮُﺳ ﻲﻓو ِﻪِﺘْﻴَﺑ ﻲﻓ ِﻪِﺗﻼﺻ ﻰﻠَﻋ ُﻒﱠﻌَﻀُﺗ ٍﺔﻋﺎﻤَﺟ
َﺟَرَد ﺎَﻬﺑ ﻪَﻟ ْﺖَﻌِﻓُر ﱠﻻِإ ًةﻮْﻄَﺧ ُﻂْﺨَﻳ ْﻢَﻟ ، ُةﻼﱠﺼﻟا ﱠﻻِإ ﻪُﺟِﺮْﺨُﻳ ﻻ ، ِﺪِﺠْﺴَﻤﻟا ﻰﻟِإ َجَﺮَﺧ ﱠﻢُﺛ َءﻮُﺿُﻮْﻟا
ﻪْﻨَﻋ ْﺖﱠﻄُﺣَو ، ٌﺔ
ﺎَﻣ ، ﻩﱠﻼَﺼُﻣ ﻲﻓ َماَد ﺎَﻣ ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ﻲﱢﻠَﺼُﺗ ﺔَﻜِﺋﻼَﻤﻟا ِلَﺰَﺗ ْﻢَﻟ ﻰﻠَﺻ اذِﺈَﻓ ، ٌﺔَﺌﻴِﻄَﺧ ﺎَﻬﺑ
ُلﻮُﻘَﺗ ، ْثِﺪْﺤُﻳ ْﻢَﻟ
ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ﱢﻞَﺻ ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا
ُﻪْﻤَﺣرا ﱠﻢُﻬﱠﻠﻟا ،
َةﻼﱠﺼﻟا َﺮَﻈَﺘْﻧا ﺎَﻣ ٍةﻼَﺻ ﻲﻓ ُلاَﺰَﻳ ﻻَو
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
يرﺎﺨﺒﻟا ﻆﻔﻟ اﺬهو
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
A man's
Salat in congregation is twenty-five times more rewarding than his Salat at home or in his shop, and that is because
when he performs his Wudu' properly and proceeds towards the mosque with the purpose of performing Salat in
congregation, he does not take a step without being raised a degree (in rank) for it and having a sin remitted for it,
till he enters the mosque. When he is performing Salat, the angels continue to invoke Blessings of Allah on him as
long as he is in his place of worship in a state of Wudu'. They say: `O Allah! Have mercy on him! O Allah! Forgive
him.' He is deemed to be engaged in Salat as long as he waits for it.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith tells us that Salat in congregation is far more in reward than Salat offered alone. In the
preceding Hadith it has been held 27 times and in the present, 25 times more rewarding. The reason for this variation
offered by some `Ulama' is that at first it was told to the Prophet (PBUH) 25 times and then it was increased to 27
and he communicated to his Companions what was revealed to him. Some other scholars have linked it with the
form, spirit and concentration of the Salat. The more meticulous one is about its details, the greater will be the
reward for it. Another difference of opinion in this respect is regarding the nature of Salat in congregation. How
does one become eligible for higher reward? Does he become eligible for it by performing Salat in congregation
anywhere, i.e., at home, in business premises, at an open place, in the desert etc., or in that congregation which
gathers in a mosque? Some `Ulama' go with the first opinion while others agree with the second. Hafiz Ibn Hajar
preferred the second view on the grounds that the words occuring in the text of this Hadith support this view.
َلﺎﻗ ُﻪﻨﻋو
لﺎﻘﻓ ﻰﻤﻋَأ ٌﻞُﺟَر ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱠﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻰَﺗَأ
ﻲﻧُدﻮُﻘﻳ ٌﺪِﺋﺎَﻗ ﻲﻟ ﺲْﻴَﻟ ، ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﺎﻳ
ُﻪَﻟ ﺺﱠﺧَﺮَﻓ ، ِﻪِﺘْﻴﺑ ﻲﻓ ﱢﻲﻠَﺼُﻴَﻓ ُﻪَﻟ َ
ﺺﱢﺧَﺮُﻳ نَأ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر َلَﺄﺴَﻓ ، ِﺪِﺠْﺴَﻤﻟا ﻲﻟِإ
َﻓ ،
ﱠﻰﻟَو ﺎﱠﻤَﻠ
ﻪﻟ لﺎﻘﻓ ُﻩﺎَﻋَد
؟ ِةﻼﱠﺼﻟﺎِﺑ َءاَﺪﱢﻨﻟا ُﻊَﻤْﺴَﺗ ْﻞه
لﺎﻗ :
لﺎﻗ ، ْﻢَﻌَﻧ
» ْﺐِﺟَﺄَﻓ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A blind man came to the Messenger of Allah
(PBUH) and said: "
O Messenger of Allah! I have no one to guide me to the mosque
.'' He, therefore, sought his
permission to perform Salat (prayer) in his house. He (PBUH) granted him permission. When the man turned away,
he called him back, and said, "
Do you hear the Adhan (call to prayer)?
'' He replied in the affirmative. The
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) then directed him to respond to it.
ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﺪﺒﻋ ﻦﻋو
َﻞﻴِﻗَو :
َلﺎَﻗ ُﻪﱠﻧَأ ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻲﺿر ِنﱢذَﺆُﻤﻟا مﻮُﺘْﻜَﻣ ﱢمُأ ِﻦﺑﺎﺑ فوُﺮﻌﻤﻟا ٍﺲْﻴﻗ ِﻦْﺑ وِﺮْﻤَﻋ
ِعﺎَﺒﱢﺴﻟاَو ﱢماَﻮَﻬﻟا ُةَﺮﻴﺜَآ َﺔَﻨﻳِﺪَﻤﻟا ﱠنِإ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر
ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر لﺎﻘﻓ
» ُﻊَﻤْﺴَﺗ
ﻰﻠَﻋ ﱠﻲَﺣ
ًﻼَﻬﱠﻴَﺤَﻓ ، ِحﻼَﻔﻟا ﻰﻠَﻋ ﻲَﺣ ، ِةﻼﱠﺼﻟا
ﻦﺴﺣ دﺎﻨﺳﺈﺑ دواد ﻮﺑأ ﻩاور
ﻰﻨﻌﻣو :
» ًﻼَﻬﱠﻴَﺣ «
: لﺎﻌﺗ .