Page 470 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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`Abdullah bin Umm Maktum, the Mu'adhdhin (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I said to the
Messenger of Allah (PBUH): "There are many poisonous insects and wild beasts in Al-Madinah, and I am blind.
Please grant me permission to perform Salat at home
'' He (PBUH) enquired whether he could hear the call: Hayya
`alas-Salah; Hayya `alal-Falah (Come to the prayer, come to the salvation). When he replied in affirmative, the
Messenger of Allah (PBUH) directed him to come (to mosque) for prayer.''
[Abu Dawud].
These two Ahadith relate to Ibn Umm Maktum. In spite of the fact that he was blind, he was not
allowed by the Prophet (PBUH) to perform Salat at home. The Hadith signifies the importance of performing Salat
in congregation in the mosque abundantly clear.
َلﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﱠنَأ ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َةﺮﻳﺮه ﻲﺑأ ﻦﻋو
ِﺴْﻔَﻧ يِﺬﱠﻟاَو
ْﺪَﻘَﻟ ِﻩِﺪﻴِﺑ ﻲ
ﱠﻢُﺛ َسﺎﱠﻨﻟا ﱠمﺆُﻴَﻓ ًﻼُﺟَر َﺮُﻣﺁ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ﺎَﻬَﻟ َنﱠذﺆُﻴَﻓ ِةﻼﱠﺼﻟﺎﺑ َﺮُﻣﺁ ﱠﻢُﺛ ، ﺐَﻄَﺘْﺤُﻴَﻓ ٍﺐَﻄَﺤﺑ َﺮُﻣﺁ نَأ ﺖْﻤَﻤَه
ٍلﺎَﺟِر ﻰﻟِإ َﻒِﻟﺎَﺧُأ
ﻢﻬﺗﻮﻴﺑ ْﻢِﻬْﻴَﻠَﻋ َقﱢﺮَﺣُﺄﻓ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said,
"By Him in
Whose Hand my life is, I sometimes thought of giving orders for firewood to be collected, then for proclaiming the
Adhan for Salat. Then I would appoint an Imam to lead Salat, and then go to the houses of those who do not come to
perform Salat in congregation, and set fire to their houses on them
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith and the incident relating to Ibn Umm Maktum are quoted by such people who hold that
those who are physically fit, resident and have no valid reason for not coming to the mosque for Salat, for them Salat
in the mosque (
) is a must. Those who do not accept that Salat in mosque is obligatory and regard it Fard
Kifayah (
collective duty, i.e., if one Muslim performs it, the rest of the Muslim community will not be obliged to
perform it, and thus will not be deemed sinful for doing so
), for them such Ahadith refer to the hypocrites who did
not come to the mosque for Salat. Some people are of the view that it is Sunnah Mu'akkadah (
an established Sunnah,
hence compulsory
) and they take such Ahadith for inducement because if performance of Salat in congregation was
obligatory, those who missed it would have been punished by the Prophet (PBUH), but we do not find any instance
of it in his life. It clearly shows that it is Sunnah. If we go by logic, this view seems to be more correct. But we
cannot, at the same time, lose sight of the importance that has been attached to the Salat in congregation especially
the fact that it is 25 times more rewarding than the Salat offered individually.
This Hadith also tells us that it is permissible to take criminals and sinful people from their homes by surprise.
لﺎﻗ ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍدﻮﻌﺴﻣ ِﻦﺑا ﻦﻋو
َأ ﻩﱠﺮَﺳ ْﻦَﻣ
ِءﻻُﺆَه ﻰﻠَﻋ ْﻆِﻓﺎَﺤُﻴْﻠَﻓ ﺎًﻤِﻠْﺴُﻣ اًﺪﻏ ﻰﻟﺎﻌﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲَﻘْﻠَﻳ ن
ﱠﻦُﻬﱠﻧِإَو ىَﺪُﻬﻟا َﻦَﻨُﺳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻢﻜﱢﻴِﺒَﻨِﻟ َعَﺮَﺷ َﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠنِﺈَﻓ ، ﱠﻦﻬﺑ يَدﺎﻨُﻳ ُﺚْﻴَﺣ تاﻮَﻠﱠﺼﻟا
، ىﺪُﻬﻟا ِﻦَﻨُﺳ ﻦِﻣ
َﺼُﻳ ﺎﻤآ ﻢﻜِﺗﻮﻴُﺑ ﻲﻓ ﻢﺘْﻴﱠﻠﺻ ْﻢُﻜﱠﻧَأ ﻮَﻟَو
ﻢُﺘْﻠَﻠَﻀَﻟ ﻢﻜﱢﻴِﺒَﻧ َﺔﱠﻨُﺳ ﻢﺘآﺮَﺗ ﻮَﻟو ، ﻢﻜﱢﻴِﺒَﻧ ﺔﱠﻨُﺳ ﻢﺘآﺮَﺘَﻟ ِﻪِﺘﻴَﺑ ﻲﻓ ﻒﱢﻠَﺨَﺘُﻤﻟا اﺬه ﻲﱢﻠ
ْﻴﺑ يَدﺎَﻬُﻳ ، ِﻪِﺑ َﻰﺗﺆُﻳ ﻞُﺟﱠﺮﻟا َنﺎآ َﺪَﻘَﻟَو ، قﺎَﻔﱢﻨﻟا ُمﻮُﻠْﻌَﻣ ﻖﻓﺎﻨﻣ ﱠﻻِإ ﺎﻬﻨَﻋ ﻒﱠﻠَﺨَﺘَﻳ ﺎﻣو ﺎَﻨُﺘْﻳَأَر ﺪَﻘَﻟو ،
ﻰﱠﺘَﺣ ِﻦْﻴَﻠُﺟﱠﺮﻟا َﻦ
ﱢﻒﱠﺼﻟا ﻲﻓ َمﺎَﻘ
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
لﺎﻗ ﻪﻟ ٍﺔﻳاور ﻲﻓو
ةَﻼﱠﺼﻟا ىَﺪُﻬﻟا ِﻦﻨُﺳ ﻦِﻣ ﱠنِإَو ، ىَﺪُﻬﻟا َﻦَﻨُﺳ ﺎَﻨَﻤﱠﻠَﻋ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ﱠنِإ
ﻪﻴﻓ ُنﱠذَﺆُﻳ يﺬﻟا ِﺪﺠَﺴﻤﻟا ﻲﻓ
Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: He who likes to meet Allah tomorrow (
i.e., on the Day
of Requital
) as a Muslim, should take care and observe the Salat when the Adhan is announced for them. Allah has
expounded to your Prophet (PBUH) the ways of right guidance, and these (
the prayer
s) are part of the right
guidance. If you have to perform Salat in your houses, as this man who stays away (
from the mosque
) and performs
Salat in his house, you will abandon the Sunnah (practice) of your Prophet (PBUH), and the departure from the
Sunnah of your Prophet (PBUH) will lead you astray. I have seen the time when no one stayed behind except a well-
known hypocrite. I also saw that a man was brought swaying (
on account of weakness
) between two men till he was
set up in a row (
in the mosque
This Hadith makes the following four points:
1.Emphasis on performing Salat in congregation.
2.The passion of the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) for Salat.
3.Evasion from Salat with congregation is a practice of hypocrites.
4.Inducement for following the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH) because evasion from it is bound to lead one astray.