Page 474 - Riyad-us-Saliheen

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Their accountability is left to Allah
" means what is hidden in their hearts is left to Allah or the crimes which go
undetected by the authorities concerned are in the Purview of Allah, Who will decide their case in the Hereafter.
لﺎﻗ ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍذﺎﻌﻣ ﻦﻋو
لﺎﻘﻓ ﻦﻤَﻴﻟا ﻰﻟِإ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر ﻲﻨﺜَﻌﺑ
ﻲﺗْﺄﺗ َﻚﱠﻧِإ
، ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُلﻮﺳر ﻲﱢﻧَأو ، ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠﻻِإ ﻪﻟِإ ﻻ ْنَأ ِةدﺎَﻬَﺷ ﻰﻟِإ ْﻢُﻬُﻋْدﺎَﻓ ، بﺎﺘﻜﻟا ِﻞْهَأ ْﻦﻣ ﺎًﻣْﻮَﻗ
، َﻚﻟﺬِﻟ اﻮُﻋﺎﻃَأ ْﻢُه ْنِﺈَﻓ
ﻓ ، َﻚﻟﺬِﻟ اﻮُﻋﺎَﻃَأ ْﻢُه ْنِﺈَﻓ ،ٍﺔَﻠْﻴَﻟو ٍمْﻮَﻳ ﱢﻞآ ﻲﻓ ٍتاﻮﻠَﺻ َﺲْﻤﺧ ْﻢِﻬْﻴَﻠَﻋ ضَﺮَﺘْﻓا ﻰﻟﺎﻌَﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﱠنَأ ﻢُﻬﻤِﻠْﻋَﺄَﻓ
ﱠنَأ ﻢُﻬﻤِﻠْﻋَﺄ
َﻘُﻓ ﻰﻠَﻋ ﱡدﺮُﺘَﻓ ﻢﻬِﺋﺎﻴِﻨْﻏَأ ْﻦِﻣ ُﺬَﺧْﺆُﺗ ﺔﻗﺪَﺻ ْﻢِﻬْﻴَﻠﻋ ضَﺮَﺘْﻓا ﻰﻟﺎَﻌَﺗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا
ﻢِﺋاﺮَآو َكﺎﱠﻳِﺈَﻓ ، َﻚَﻟﺬِﻟ اﻮُﻋﺎَﻃَأ ْﻢُه ْنِﺈَﻓ ، ﻢﻬِﺋاﺮ
ٌبﺎَﺠِﺣ ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا َﻦْﻴﺑو ﺎَﻬَﻨْﻴَﺑ َﺲْﻴَﻟ ُﻪﱠﻧِﺈَﻓ ، ِمﻮُﻠْﻈﻤﻟاَةﻮْﻋَد ِﻖﱠﺗاَو ﻢﻬِﻟاﻮْﻣَأ
ﻪﻴﻠﻋ ٌﻖﻔﺘﻣ
Mu`adh (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) sent me as a governor to
Yemen and (at the time of departure) he instructed me thus: "
You will go to people of the Scripture (i.e., the Jews
and the Christians). First of all invite them to testify that La ilaha ill Allah (There is no true god except Allah) and
that Muhammad (PBUH) is His slave and Messenger; and if they accept this, then tell them that Allah has enjoined
upon them five Salat (prayers) during the day and night; and if they accept it, then tell them that Allah has made the
payment of Zakat obligatory upon them. It should be collected from their rich and distributed among their poor; and
if they agree to it, don't take (as a share of Zakat) the best of their properties. Beware of the supplications of the
oppressed, for there is no barrier between it and Allah
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
This Hadith has already been mentioned and is repeated here to emphasize the importance of
obligations and their meticulous performance. See Hadith No. 290.
لﺎﻗ ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر ٍﺮﺑﺎﺟ ﻦﻋو
ُلﻮﻘﻳ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا َلﻮﺳر ُﺖﻌﻤﺳ
ِﻞُﺟﱠﺮﻟا َﻦْﻴَﺑ ﱠنِإ
ِةﻼﱠﺼﻟا َكْﺮَﺗ ِﺮْﻔُﻜﻟاو ِكْﺮﱢﺸﻟا َﻦْﻴَﺑَو
ﻢﻠﺴﻣ ﻩاور
Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
Between a man and
disbelief and paganism is the abandonment of Salat (prayer)
He who will be having the quality of Islam and will be particular in performing Salat regularly, will
raise a wall between himself and Kufr. He who does not perform Salat after coming to the fold of Islam, does not
have a frontier which separates him from infidelity. Leaving Salat is like demolishing the wall that separates Islam
from Kufr. Thus, we learn from this Hadith that leaving Salat is Kufr. Some `Ulama' are of the opinion that this
injunction is for one who believes leaving Salat is permissible whereas the one who leaves it because of slackness is
not Kafir. Some scholars, however, think that if such a person does not repent, he is liable to Hadd, i.e., death
punishment. There are other `Ulama' who think that rather than death punishment such a person should be subjected
to corporal punishment till he starts offering Salat. This Hadith makes the importance of Salat in Islam abundantly
لﺎﻗ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ﱢﻲﺒﻨﻟا ﻦﻋ ُﻪﻨﻋ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ﻲﺿر َةَﺪْﻳَﺮُﺑ ﻦﻋو
، ُةﻼﱠﺼﻟا ْﻢُﻬَﻨْﻴَﺑو ﺎﻨَﻨْﻴﺑ يﺬﻟا ُﺪْﻬﻌﻟا
َﺮَﻔَآ ْﺪﻘَﻓ ﺎَﻬَآَﺮَﺗ ْﻦﻤﻓ
لﺎﻗو يﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟا ﻩاور
ٌﺢﻴﺤﺻ ٌﻦﺴﺣ ٌﺚﻳﺪﺣ
Buraidah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "
That which
differentiates us from the disbelievers and hypocrites is our performance of Salat. He who abandons it, becomes a
The purport of this Hadith is the same as that of the preceding one.
لﺎﻗ ﻪﱠﻠﻟا ُﻪﻤِﺣَر ِﻪﺘﻟﻼَﺟ ﻰﻠﻋ ِﻖَﻔﱠﺘُﻤﻟا ﱢﻲﻌﺑﺎﺘﻟا ِﻪﱠﻠﻟا ِﺪﺒﻋ ِﻦﺑ ﻖﻴِﻘﺷ ﻦﻋو
ُﷲا ﻰّﻠَﺻ ٍﺪﱠﻤَﺤُﻣ ُبﺎﺤْﺻَأ َنﺎآ
ِةﻼﱠﺼﻟا َﺮْﻴَﻏ ٌﺮْﻔُآ ُﻪُآْﺮَﺗ ِلﺎﻤْﻋَﻷا َﻦِﻣ ًﺎﺌْﻴَﺷ َنوﺮﻳ ﻻ ﻢﱠﻠَﺳو ِﻪْﻴَﻠَﻋ
ٍﺢﻴﺤﺻ ٍدﺎﻨﺳِﺈﺑ نﺎﻤﻳِﻹا بﺎﺘآ ﻲﻓ يﺬﻣﺮﺘﻟا ﻩاور
Shaqiq bin `Abdullah reported:
The Companions of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) did not consider the
abandonment of any action as disbelief except neglecting Salat
The opinion of the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) was based on the information contained in
the Ahadith which have been mentioned above. They did not take the Ahadith which interpreted the leaving of Salat
as Kufr mere scolding or reproof. They considered slackness and negligence in Salat as Kufr and apostasy and
regarded Salat a symbol of Islam.